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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Chloridoideae
Tribus: Eragrostideae
Subtribus: Cotteinae
Genus: Enneapogon
Species: E. asperatus – E. avenaceus – E. caerulescens – E. cenchroides – E. cylindricus – E. decipiens – E. desvauxii – E. eremophilus – E. gracilis – E. intermedius – E. lindleyanus – E. lophotrichus – E. nigricans – E. pallidus – E. persicus – E. polyphyllus – E. pretoriensis – E. purpurascens – E. robustissimus – E. scaber – E. scoparius – E. spathaceus – E. truncatus – E. virens
Name

Enneapogon Desv. ex P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 81 (1812)
Type species: Enneapogon desvauxii P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 82 (1812)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Calotheria Wight & Arn. ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 199 (1854)

References

Desvaux, N.A. (1812) Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie 81, 161.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Enneapogon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 13. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Enneapogon. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 13.
Tropicos.org 2013. Enneapogon. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 13.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Enneapogon. Published online. Accessed: 13 Nov. 2013.
GBIF.

Enneapogon is a cosmopolitan genus of plants in the grass family.[2][4][5]

They are also called bottle washers or pappus grass. These perennial grass species are found in tropical and warm temperate areas. They have small, narrow inflorescences.[6][7][8]

Species[3][9]

Enneapogon asperatus - Queensland
Enneapogon avenaceus - bottle-washers - Australia
Enneapogon caerulescens - Australia
Enneapogon cenchroides - Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula, Indian Subcontinent
Enneapogon cylindricus - jointed nineawn - Australia
Enneapogon decipiens - Australia
Enneapogon desvauxii - nineawn pappusgrass - Africa, temperate Asia, southwestern United States, Mexico, Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Argentina
Enneapogon elegans - Burma, India
Enneapogon eremophilus - Northern Territory, Queensland
Enneapogon foxii - Israel
Enneapogon gracilis - slender bottle-washers - Queensland, New South Wales
Enneapogon intermedius - Australia
Enneapogon lindleyanus - conetop nineawn - Australia
Enneapogon nigricans - blackheads, niggerheads - Australia [10]
Enneapogon pallidus - Australia, New Guinea, Lesser Sunda Islands
Enneapogon persicus - Xinjiang, Afghanistan, Jammu-Kashmir, Pakistan, Central Asia, Spain, Egypt, Algeria, tropical Africa, Middle East
Enneapogon polyphyllus - leafy nineawn - Australia
Enneapogon pretoriensis - Botswana to Free State, Limpopo, Mpumalanga
Enneapogon purpurascens - Western Australia, Northern Territory
Enneapogon robustissimus - Australia
Enneapogon scaber - Saudi Arabia, drier parts of Africa
Enneapogon scoparius - Yemen, Africa
Enneapogon spathaceus - Limpopo
Enneapogon truncatus - Queensland, New South Wales
Enneapogon virens - Queensland, New South Wales

References

lectotype designated by Hitchcock, U.S. Dept. Agric. Bull. 772: 83 (1920)
Tropicos, Enneapogon Desv. ex P. Beauv.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie 81-82 descriptions in Latin, commentary in French
Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie plate XVI (16), figure XI (11) line drawings of Enneapogon desvauxii
Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 456 九顶草属 jiu ding cao shu Enneapogon Desvaux ex P. Beauvois
Atlas of Living Australia, Enneapogon Desv. ex P.Beauv., Nineawn grasses
Jepson Manual Treatment
The Plant List search for Enneapogon
Enneapogon nigricans. New South Wales Flora Online. National Herbarium of New South Wales. Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney.

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