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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Sarcolaenaceae
Genus: Eremolaena
Species: E. darainensis – E. humblotiana – E. rotundifolia
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Eremolaena in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2020 Dec 8. Reference page.

Name

Eremolaena Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 413 (1884)
Type species: Eremolaena humblotiana Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 413 (1884)

References

Baillon, H.E. (1884) Bulletin Mensuel de la Société Linnéenne de Paris, 1: 413. BHL.
Lowry II, P.P., Haevermans, T., Labat, J.-N., Schatz, G.E., Leroy, J.-F., & Wolf, A.-E. (2000) Endemic families of Madagascar. V. A synoptic revision of Eremolaena, Pentachlaena and Perrierodendron (Sarcolenaceae). Adansonia, 3(22): 11–31.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Eremolaena in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2014 Dec. 3. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Eremolaena. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 3 Dec. 2014.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Eremolaena. Published online. Accessed: Dec. 3 2014.

Eremolaena is a genus of flowering plant in the Sarcolaenaceae family, endemic to Madagascar.[2] The genus has three species, all native to the country's humid east coast.

The family Sarcolaenaceae is endemic to Madagascar. The genus appears to be most closely related to the genera Pentachlaena and Perrierodendron.[2]
Species

Eremolaena humblotiana, known by the vernacular names Amaninombilahy, Hamaninaombilahy and Fotona, is found in the humid Madagascar lowland forests and Madagascar subhumid forests ecoregions, up to 1200–1500 meters elevation, from the Brickaville to Vatomandry area, Betampona Reserve, Zahamena Reserve, and the area around Lac Alaotra.

Eremolaena rotundifolia, known by the vernacular names Amaninombilahy fotsy, Anjananjana, Fotona, Fotonala, Fotonalahy, Menahy lahy, Takodizahana lahy and Voantalanina, is native to littoral (seaside) forests on sand at Masoala National Park and in the Fort Dauphin area, in the Madagascar lowland forests ecoregion.
References

Lowry II, Porter P.; Nusbaumer, Louis; Randrianasolo, Armand; Schatz, George E.; Hong-Wa, Cynthia (Dec 2014). "Endemic Families of Madagascar. XIII. New, restricted range species of Eremolaena Baill. and Schizolaena Thouars (Sarcolaenaceae)". Candollea. Geneva: Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève. 69 (2): 184–187. doi:10.15553/c2014v692a11. S2CID 85852064. Retrieved 26 Nov 2016.
Lowry II, Porter P.; Haevermans, Thomas; Labat, Jean-Noël; Schatz, George E.; Leroy, Jean-François; Wolf, Anne-Elizabeth (Jan 2000). "Endemic families of Madagascar. V. A synoptic revision of Eremolaena, Pentachlaena and Perrierodendron (Sarcolaenaceae)". Adansonia. 3. Paris: Publications Scientifiques du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. 22 (1): 11–31. Retrieved 26 Nov 2016.

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