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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Cranichideae
Subtribus: Goodyerinae
Genus: Erythrodes
Overview of species (26)

E. aggregata – E. amboinensis – E. bicarinata – E. blumei – E. boettcheri – E. celebensis – E. chinensis – E. forcipata – E. glandulosa – E. glaucescens – E. hirsuta – E. humilis – E. johorensis – E. latifolia – E. latiloba – E. oxyglossa – E. papuana – E. parvula – E. praemorsa – E. purpurascens – E. sepikana – E. tetrodonta – E. torricellensis – E. triloba – E. weberi – E. wenzelii
Name

Erythrodes Blume, Bijdr.: 410 (1825)

Type species: Erythrodes latifolia Blume, Bijdr.: 410 (1825)

Synonymy

Homotypic
Physurus Rich. ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 501 (1840), nom. illeg.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Asia-Temperate
China
China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan.
Eastern Asia
Taiwan.
Asia-Tropical
Indian Subcontinent
Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Sri Lanka.
Indo-China
Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Malesia
Borneo, Jawa, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
Papuasia
New Guinea.
Pacific
Southwestern Pacific
Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis-Futuna Islands.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Blume, C.L. 1825. Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië 8: 410.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2003. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 3: Orchidoideae (Part two); page 85 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850711-9

Links

'eFloras 2009. Erythrodes in Flora of China vol. 25 Orchidaceae --> pdf Erythrodes
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2022. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Erythrodes. Accessed: 2022 Jan 8.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Erythrodes in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Jan 8. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Erythrodes in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Jan 8. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Erythrodes. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 Jan 8. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Erythrodes. Published online. Accessed: 8 Jan 2022.
Tropicos.org 2022. Erythrodes. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 8 Jan 2022.

Vernacular names

English: False helmetorchid
кырык мары: Эритродес
中文: 钳喙兰属

Erythrodes (false helmetorchid) is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contains 26 currently recognised species, native to Southeast Asia, China, the Indian Subcontinent, New Guinea, and some islands of the Pacific.[1][2]

Erythrodes amboinensis (J.J.Sm.) J.J.Sm. - Ambon
Erythrodes bicalcarata (R.S.Rogers & C.T.White) W.Kittr. - New Guinea
Erythrodes bicarinata Schltr. - New Guinea, Vanuatu
Erythrodes blumei (Lindl.) Schltr. in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach - from Assam east to Taiwan, south to Java
Erythrodes boettcheri Ames - Luzon
Erythrodes celebensis P.O'Byrne - Sulawesi
Erythrodes forcipata Schltr. - New Guinea
Erythrodes glandulosa (Lindl.) Ames - Borneo
Erythrodes glaucescens Schltr. - New Guinea
Erythrodes hirsuta (Griff.) Ormerod in G.Seidenfaden - Hainan, Assam, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Erythrodes humilis (Blume) J.J.Sm. - Java, Sumatra, peninsular Malaysia
Erythrodes johorensis (P.O'Byrne) Ormerod - peninsular Malaysia
Erythrodes latifolia Blume - Java, Sumatra, peninsular Malaysia
Erythrodes latiloba Ormerod - Sri Lanka
Erythrodes oxyglossa Schltr. - Fiji, New Caledonia, Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis & Futuna
Erythrodes papuana Schltr. in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach - New Guinea
Erythrodes parvula Kores - Fiji, Tonga
Erythrodes praemorsa Schltr. - New Guinea
Erythrodes purpurascens Schltr. in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach - New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa
Erythrodes sepikana Schltr. - New Guinea
Erythrodes sutricalcar L.O.Williams - New Guinea
Erythrodes tetrodonta Ormerod - New Guinea
Erythrodes torricellensis Schltr. - New Guinea
Erythrodes triloba Carr - Sabah
Erythrodes weberi Ames - Philippines
Erythrodes wenzelii Ames - Philippines

See also

List of Orchidaceae genera

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

Flora of China, v 25 p 56, 钳唇兰属 qian chun lan shu, Erythrodes Blume

Blume, C.L. von (1825) Bijdragen tot de flora van Nederlandsch Indië 8: 410.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3: 85 ff. Oxford University Press.
Berg Pana, H. 2005. Handbuch der Orchideen-Namen. Dictionary of Orchid Names. Dizionario dei nomi delle orchidee. Ulmer, Stuttgart

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