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Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Sapindales
Familia: Rutaceae
Subfamilia: Rutoideae
Genus: Esenbeckia
Species: E. flava - E. hartmanii - E. leiocarpa - E. runyonii


Esenbeckia Kunth

Esenbeckia is a genus of flowering plants in the rue family, Rutaceae.[1] All species in the genus are native to the Americas, with the highest diversity in South America.[3] They are commonly known as Jopoy,[4] the Mayan word for E. berlandieri,[5][6] or Gasparillo (Spanish).[4]


The generic name commemorates German naturalist Christian Gottfried Daniel Nees von Esenbeck (1776 - 1858).[3] The Takhtajan system places the genus in the subfamily Rutoideae, tribe Cusparieae,[7] while Germplasm Resources Information Network places it in the subfamily Toddalioideae, tribe Cusparieae.[1]

Selected species

* Esenbeckia alata (H.Karst. & Triana) Triana & Planch. – Winged Esenbeckia, Coya, Cuala-cuala (Colombia)[4]
* Esenbeckia berlandieri Baill. ex Hemsl. – Berlandier Esenbeckia, Hueso de Tigre, Limonillo (Mexico, Central America)[4]
* Esenbeckia flava Brandegee – Yellow Esenbeckia, Palo Amarillo, Palo Morio (Baja California Sur, Mexico)[4]
* Esenbeckia grandiflora Mart.
* Esenbeckia hartmanii B.L.Rob. & Fernald – Hartman Esenbeckia, Crucecilla, Sámota (Sonora and Sinaloa, Mexico)[4]
* Esenbeckia leiocarpa Engl. (Atlantic moist forests, Brazil)
* Esenbeckia pilocarpoides Kunth
* Esenbeckia pumila Pohl
* Esenbeckia runyonii C.V.Morton – Runyon's Esenbeckia, Limoncillo (Sierra Madre Oriental in northeastern Mexico, Rio Grande Valley of Texas in the United States)[8]

Formerly placed here

* Balfourodendron riedelianum (Engl.) Engl. (as E. riedeliana Engl.)[9]


1. ^ a b c "Esenbeckia Kunth". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2008-03-20. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?4461. Retrieved 2010-06-21.
2. ^ "Esenbeckia Kunth". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.tropicos.org/NameDetails.aspx?nameid=40006221. Retrieved 2010-01-09.
3. ^ a b Everett, Thomas H. (1981). The New York Botanical Garden Illustrated Encyclopedia of Horticulture. 4. Courier Corporation. p. 1268. ISBN 9780824072346. http://books.google.com/books?id=h6xcnf5TksYC.
4. ^ a b c d e f Grandtner, Miroslav M. (2005). Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees: With Names in Latin, English, French, Spanish and Other Languages. 1. Elsevier. pp. 335–336. ISBN 9780444517845. http://books.google.com/books?id=yjc5ZYWtkNAC.
5. ^ Nokes, Jill (2001). How to Grow Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (2 ed.). University of Texas Press. p. 261. ISBN 9780292755734. http://books.google.com/books?id=r9qqlxIOKTwC&dq.
6. ^ Jopoy is also the word for Ficus spp. in Teenek (Wastek language), see Alcorn, Janis B. (1984). Huastec Mayan Ethnobotany. University of Texas Press. p. 653. ISBN 9780292715431. http://books.google.com/books?id=cblVAAAAMAAJ.
7. ^ Takhtajan, Armen (2009). Flowering Plants (2 ed.). Springer. p. 375. http://books.google.com/books?id=oumyfO-NHuUC&.
8. ^ "Esenbeckia Kunth Subordinate Taxa". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. http://www.tropicos.org/NameSubordinateTaxa.aspx?nameid=40006221. Retrieved 2010-01-10.
9. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Esenbeckia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/splist.pl?4461. Retrieved 2010-09-16.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License