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Eugenia foetida

Eugenia foetida

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Myrteae
Subtribus: Eugeniinae
Genus: Eugenia
Species: Eugenia foetida
Name

Eugenia foetida Pers., Syn. Pl. (Persoon) 2(1): 29. 1806.
Synonyms

Homotypic

Myrtus foetida (Pers.) Sprengl., Syst. Veg. 2: 481. 1825.

Heterotypic

Eugenia buxifolia (Sw.) Willd., Sp. Pl. (Willdenow) 2(2): 960. 1799, nom. illeg. non Lam. (1789).
Eugenia macrostemon O.Berg, Linnaea 27: 188. 1856.
Eugenia mayana Standl., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 1042. 1924.
Eugenia myrtoides Poir., Encycl. (Lamarck) Suppl. 3. 125. 1813.
Eugenia ossaeana Urb., Symb. Antill. (Urban). 9(4): 514. 1928.
Eugenia triplinervia O.Berg., Linnaea 27: 190. 1856.
Eugenia triplinervia var. angustifolia O.Berg, Linnaea 27: 192. 1856.
Eugenia triplinervia var. buxifolia (Sw.) O.Berg, Linnaea 27: 191. 1856.
Eugenia triplinervia var. laevigata O.Berg, Linnaea 27: 192. 1856.
Eugenia triplinervia var. latissima O.Berg, Linnaea 27: 191. 1856.
Eugenia triplinervia var. oblongata O.Berg, Linnaea 27: 192. 1856.
Eugenia triplinervia var. obovata O.Berg, Linnaea 27: 191. 1856.
Myrtus axillaris Poir., Encycl. (Lamarck) 4(2): 412. 1798, nom. illeg. non Sw. (1788).
Myrtus buxifolia Sw., Prodr. 78. 1788.

References

Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. 03 Oct 2009 [1].

Vernacular names
English: Box-leaf eugenia
espa├▒ol: Anguila, guairaje

Eugenia foetida is a member of the family Myrtaceae, the myrtle family, and is colloquially referred to as "Spanish stopper" or "boxleaf stopper."

It is found year-round in the understory of mangrove forests, coastal hammocks and dunes in coastal, central to southern Florida, and east in the Bahamas.[1][2]
Contents

1 Description
2 See also
3 References
4 External links

Description

It is a common small tree with opposite leaves that are dark green on the adaxial (upper or dorsal) leaf surface and lighter on the abaxial (lower or ventral) surface and oblanceolate with a rounded or obtuse apex. The specific epithet foetida, Latin for "fetid" refers to the unpleasant scent of the flowers.
See also

Bahamian dry forests
South Florida rocklands

References

"A Self-Guided Walking Tour of Park Plants. John D. MacArthur Beach State Park. North Palm Beach Florida.
Wunderlin, Richard P. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida. 1998. Gainesville. University Press of Florida. p. 453

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