- Art Gallery -

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Astereae
Subtribus: Unassigned Astereae
Genus: Eurybia
Species: E. aberrans – E. avita – E. chasei – E. chlorolepis – E. compacta – E. conspicua – E. divaricata – E. eryngiifolia – E. furcata – E. glauca – E. hemispherica – E. herveyi – E. horrida – E. integrifolia – E. jonesiae – E. kingii – E. macrophylla – E. merita – E. mirabilis – E. paludosa – E. radula – E. radulina – E. saxicastellii – E. schreberi – E. sibirica – E. spectabilis – E. spinulosa – E. surculosa – E. wasatchensis
Name

Eurybia (Cass.) Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. [F. Cuvier] 16: 46. (1820)

Type species: Non designatus

Synonyms

Homotypic
Aster subg. Eurybia Cass., Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. 1818: 166. (1818)
Heterotypic
Herrickia Wooton & Standley, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 16: 186. (1913)
Triniteurybia Brouillet, Urbatsch & R.P.Roberts, Sida 21(2): 898. (2004) unresolved see Hassler (2018) & Selliah (2010) c.f. Neson (2009), hence E. aberrans in the species list

References

Cassini, A.H.G. de 1820. Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles 16: 46.
Brouillet, L., Urbatsch, L. & Roberts, R.P. 2004. Tonestus kingii and T. aberrans are related to Eurybia and the Machaerantherinae (Asteraceae: Astereae) based on nrDNA (ITS and ETS) data: reinstatement of Herrickia and a new genus, Triniteurybia. SIDA, Contributions to Botany 21(2): 889-900. JSTOR BHL Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2018. Eurybia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Mar. 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Eurybia. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 25 2018.
Nesom, G.L. 2009. Taxonomic overview of Eurybia sect. Herrickia (Asteraceae: Astereae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 3(1): 161-167. JSTOR. Reference page.
Selliah, S. 2010. La phylogénie moléculaire du genre nord-américain Eurybia (Asteraceae: Astereae) et ses proches parents (Oreostemma, Herrickia, Triniteurybia). Université de Montréal Canada. Masters Thesis Full text PDF
Tropicos.org 2018. Eurybia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Mar. 25.


Eurybia is a genus of plants in the composite family that were previously included in the genus Aster. Most species are native to North America, although one is also present in northern Eurasia. There are 23 species in the genus, including 1 natural hybrid. The name was first applied by Alexandre de Cassini in 1820. The name is derived from Ancient Greek εὐρύς (eurús), meaning "wide", and βαιός (baiós), meaning "few", perhaps in reference to the small number of relatively wide ray florets.
Description

All species within the genus are perennials that grow from 10 to 120 cm (4 to 47 in) in height. They have rhizomes which can either be long, slender or short and thick or sometimes cormoid, all of which often become woody. The stems can be ascending to erect and are typically simple, though they are in rare cases they branch proximally, i.e. near the point of attachment. They can be glabrous to more or less densely hairy, and are generally eglandular, meaning they lack glands, though they can sometimes be stipitate-glandular, meaning glands are present on a stipe.[2]

The leaves are always alternate. Both basal and cauline leaves, i.e. leaves growing on the stem, are present, and these may be either sessile or petiolate, meaning lacking or having a leaf stalk. The blades of the leaves may be anything from cordate, ovate, obovate, elliptic, or oblong in shape to spatulate, oblanceolate, or lanceolate. They are usually gradually reduced distally, meaning they taper towards the apex. The leaf margins can be entire or serrate, i.e. toothed, though they may also occasionally be spinulose-serrate, that is being toothed with small spines. The leaf surfaces are glabrate to hairy and are usually eglandular, though they may sometimes be stipitate-glandular.[2]

The capitula, or flower heads, are radiate and typically appear in corymbiform arrays, but in rare cases they may be borne singly. The involucres, the bracts at the base of the flower heads, are cylindro-campanulate, meaning bell-shaped, to broadly campanulate and measure from 4 to 14 and exceptionally to 16 mm long by 4 to more than 25 mm wide. The phyllaries, that is the individual bracts that make up the involucres, number from 20 up to 140 in 3 to 7 series and are single nerved. They are usually rounded adaxially, i.e. towards their upper-side, but are sometimes low-keeled. Their shape is unequal and broadly ovate or oblong to oblanceolate, lanceolate, or linear. The bases of the phyllaries are indurate, or hardened, and rarely wholly foliaceous, meaning leaf-like in appearance. Their margins are narrowly scarious, meaning membranous and dry, or occasionally herbaceous, and often ciliolate, i.e. having minute cilia. The apices, or terminal ends, are obtuse to acute, while the surfaces are glabrous (hairless), somewhat strigillose (with stiff, slender bristles), puberulent (very finely haired), scabrellous (having small rough hairs), strigoso-villous (with stiff soft hairs), or villous (having soft shaggy hairs), and occasionally they are more or less stipitate-glandular.[2]

The receptacles, the stalks that attach to the florets, are flat to slightly convex, pitted and epaleate, i.e. lacking palea, dry scale-like bracts. The ray florets, the long petal-like appendages, number between 5 and 60 and are pistillate and fertile. Their corollas are white to purple in colour and coil at maturity. The disc florets, the tiny flowers at the center of the flower structure, number from 8 all the way up to 260 and are bisexual and fertile. Their corollas are yellow, though they become purple at maturity, and may be barely to abruptly ampliate, meaning enlarged. The corolla tubes are either shorter or longer than the throats, which are funnelform to campanulate. They have 5 lobes, which are usually erect to spreading or occasionally somewhat reflexed, and are deltate, triangular, or lanceolate.[2]

The style-branch appendages are lanceolate in shape. The fruits are cypselae, which are cylindro-obconic (cylindrically reverse-conical) to fusiform (tapering at both ends) in shape, and are often somewhat compressed. They have 7 to 12 and exceptionally up 18 nerves with surfaces that are eglandular and glabrous or sparsely to densely strigillose. The pappi are persistent and are made up of 35 to 70 or more bristles that are reddish, orange, cinnamon, tawny, tan, yellowish, or pinkish in colour. The bristles are unequal, soft to stiff, barbellate (finely barbed) or barbellulate (barbed with diminutive barbs) and often apically somewhat clavate, or club shaped. They appear in 2 to 4 series.[2]

Species[3][2][4]

Eurybia avita - Georgia, Carolinas
Eurybia chlorolepis - southern Appalachians
Eurybia compacta - east-central coastal plain
Eurybia conspicua - central + western Canada, northwestern USA + Black Hills
Eurybia divaricata - eastern USA, Quebec, Ontario
Eurybia eryngiifolia - Florida, Georgia, Alabama
Eurybia furcata - Great Lakes + Ozarks
Eurybia hemispherica - southeastern + south-central USA
Eurybia × herveyi - New England, New York, New Jersey
Eurybia integrifolia - western USA
Eurybia jonesiae - Georgia, Alabama
Eurybia macrophylla - central Canada, eastern + north-central USA
Eurybia merita - western Canada, northwestern USA + Black Hills
Eurybia mirabilis - Carolinas
Eurybia paludosa- Florida, Georgia, Carolinas
Eurybia radula - eastern Canada, northeastern USA
Eurybia radulina - Pacific coast of USA + Canada
Eurybia saxicastelli - Tennessee, Kentucky
Eurybia schreberi - Ontario, northeastern + north-central USA
Eurybia sibirica - northern + western Canada, northwestern USA incl Alaska; northern Eurasia
Eurybia spectabilis - eastern USA
Eurybia spinulosa - Florida Panhandle
Eurybia surculosa - southern Appalachians, Cumberland Plateau

References

"Eurybia". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden.
Brouillet, Luc (2006). "Eurybia". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 20. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
"Eurybia". The Plant List. Missouri Botanical Garden. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
"Eurybia". County-level distribution maps from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World