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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: AbreaeAdinobotryeaeAmorpheaeBossiaeeaeBrongniartieaeCicereaeCrotalarieaeDalbergieaeDesmodieaeDipterygeaeEuchresteaeFabeaeGalegeaeGenisteaeGlycyrrhizeaeHedysareaeHypocalypteaeIndigofereaeLoteaeMillettieaeMirbelieaePhaseoleaePodalyrieaePsoraleeaeRobinieaeSesbanieaeSophoreaeSwartzieaeThermopsideaeTrifolieaeWisterieae

Name

Faboideae Rudd (1968) et Papilionoideae DC. Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 2: 94. (1825) nom. alt.

Type genus: Faba Mill., nom. illeg. = Vicia L.

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Glycinoideae Horan., Char. Ess. Fam. 161. (1847)
Type genus: Glycine Willd., nom. cons.

References

Rudd, V.E. 1968. Rhodora 70: 496. BHL
Cardoso, D., Pennington, R.T., de Queiroz, L.P., Boatwright, J.S., Van Wyk, B.E.,Wojciechowski, M.F. & Lavin, M. 2013. Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes. South African Journal of Botany, 89: 58–75. DOI: 10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001 Full text PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Compton, J.A., Schrire, B.D., Könyves, K., Forest, F., Malakasi, P., Mattapha, S. & Sirichamorn, Y. 2019. The Callerya Group redefined and Tribe Wisterieae (Fabaceae) emended based on morphology and data from nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences. PhytoKeys 125: 1–112. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.125.34877 Open access. Reference page.
Cooper, W.E., Crayn, D.M., Zich, F.A., Miller, R.E., Harrison, M. & Nauheimer, L. 2019. A review of Austrocallerya and Pongamia (Leguminosae subfamily Papilionoideae) in Australia, and the description of a new monotypic genus, Ibatiria. Australian Systematic Botany 32(4): 363-384. DOI: 10.1071/SB18039 Paywall Reference page.
Duan, L., Han, L.N., Sirichamorn, Y., Wen, J., Compton, J.A., Deng, S.W., Arslan, E., Ertuğrul, K., Schrire, B. & Chen, H.F. 2021. Proposal to recognise the tribes Adinobotryeae and Glycyrrhizeae (Leguminosae subfamily Papilionoideae) based on chloroplast phylogenomic evidence. PhytoKeys 181: 65-77. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.181.71259 Open access Reference page.
Isely, D. & Polhill, R. 1980. Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae. Taxon 29(1): 105–119 JSTOR
Legume Phylogeny Working Group 2017. A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny. Taxon 66(1): 44–77. DOI: 10.12705/661.3 PDF. Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page. See Genera in Faboideae
Wagstaff, S.J., Heenan, P.B. & Sanderson, M.J. 1999. Classification, origins, and patterns of diversification in New Zealand Carmichaelinae (Fabaceae). American Journal of Botany 86(9): 1346-1356. JSTOR Full text PDF Reference page.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Faboideae in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 19 March 2006.

Vernacular names
العربية: فولاوات
català: Fabòidia
کوردی: پوپوولەیەکان
Deutsch: Schmetterlingsblütler
Ελληνικά: Ψυχανθή
Esperanto: Faboideoj
فارسی: باقالی‌ها
עברית: פרפרניים
magyar: Bükkönyformák
հայերեն: Թիթեռնածաղկավորներ
Bahasa, Indonesia: Daftar marga anggota Faboideae
日本語: マメ亜科
한국어: 콩아과
македонски: Глушини
polski: Bobowate właściwe
Runa Simi: Pillpintu tuktuyuq urin rikch'aq ayllu
русский: Бобовые
ไทย: วงศ์ย่อยถั่ว
українська: Метеликові
Tiếng Việt: Phân họ Đậu
walon: Påwionacêyes
中文: 蝶形花亚科

The Faboideae are a subfamily of the flowering plant family Fabaceae or Leguminosae. An acceptable alternative name for the subfamily is Papilionoideae, or Papilionaceae when this group of plants is treated as a family.[3]

This subfamily is widely distributed, and members are adapted to a wide variety of environments. Faboideae may be trees, shrubs, or herbaceous plants. Members include the pea, the sweet pea, the laburnum, and other legumes. The pea-shaped flowers are characteristic of the Faboideae subfamily and root nodulation is very common.

Genera

The type genus, Faba, is a synonym of Vicia, and is listed here as Vicia.

Abrus
Acmispon
Acosmium
Adenocarpus
Adenodolichos
Adesmia
Aenictophyton
Aeschynomene
Afgekia
Aganope
Airyantha
Aldina
Alexa
Alhagi
Alistilus
Almaleea
Alysicarpus
Amburana
Amicia
Ammodendron
Ammopiptanthus
Ammothamnus
Amphiodon[4]
Amorpha
Amphicarpaea
Amphimas
Amphithalea
Anagyris
Anarthrophyllum
Ancistrotropis[5]
Andira
Angylocalyx
Antheroporum
Anthyllis
Antopetitia
Aotus
Aphyllodium
Apios
Apoplanesia
Apurimacia
Arachis
Argyrocytisus
Argyrolobium
Arthroclianthus
Aspalathus
Astragalus
Ateleia
Austrodolichos
Austrosteenisia
Baphia
Baphiastrum
Baphiopsis
Baptisia
Barbieria
Behaimia
Bionia
Bituminaria
Bobgunnia
Bocoa
Bolusafra
Bolusanthus
Bolusia
Bossiaea
Bowdichia
Bowringia
Brongniartia
Brya
Bryaspis
Burkilliodendron
Butea
Cadia
Cajanus
Calia
Calicotome
Callerya
Callistachys
Calobota[6]
Calophaca
Calopogonium
Calpurnia
Camoensia
Camptosema
Campylotropis
Canavalia
Candolleodendron
Caragana
Carmichaelia
Carrissoa
Cascaronia
Castanospermum
Centrolobium
Centrosema
Chadsia
Chaetocalyx
Chamaecytisus
Chapmannia
Chesneya
Chorizema
Christia
Cicer
Cladrastis
Clathrotropis
Cleobulia
Clianthus
Clitoria
Clitoriopsis
Cochlianthus
Cochliasanthus[5]
Codariocalyx
Collaea
Cologania
Colutea
Condylostylis[5]
Cordyla
Coronilla
Coursetia
Craibia
Cranocarpus
Craspedolobium
Cratylia
Cristonia
Crotalaria
Cruddasia
Cullen
Cyamopsis
Cyathostegia
Cyclocarpa
Cyclolobium
Cyclopia
Cymbosema
Cytisophyllum
Cytisopsis
Cytisus
Dahlstedtia
Dalbergia
Dalbergiella
Dalea
Dalhousiea
Daviesia
Decorsea
Dendrolobium
Derris
Dermatophyllum
Desmodiastrum
Desmodium
Dewevrea
Dichilus
Dicraeopetalum
Dillwynia
Dioclea
Diphyllarium
Diphysa
Diplotropis
Dipogon
Dipteryx
Discolobium
Disynstemon
Dolichopsis
Dolichos
Dorycnium
Droogmansia
Dumasia
Dunbaria
Dussia
Dysolobium
Ebenus
Echinospartum
Eleiotis
Eminia
Endosamara
Eremosparton
Erichsenia
Erinacea
Eriosema
Errazurizia
Erythrina
Etaballia
Euchilopsis
Euchlora[7]
Euchresta
Eutaxia
Eversmannia
Exostyles
Eysenhardtia
Ezoloba[7]
Fairchildia[8]
Fiebrigiella
Fissicalyx
Flemingia
Fordia
Galactia
Galega
Gastrolobium
Geissaspis
Genista
Genistidium
Geoffroea
Gliricidia
Glycine
Glycyrrhiza
Gompholobium
Gonocytisus
Goodia
Grazielodendron
Guianodendron[9]
Gueldenstaedtia
Halimodendron
Hammatolobium
Haplormosia
Hardenbergia
Harleyodendron
Harpalyce
Hebestigma
Hedysarum
Helicotropis[5]
Herpyza
Hesperolaburnum
Hippocrepis
Hoita
Holocalyx
Hosackia
Hovea
Huangtcia [10]
Humularia
Hymenocarpos
Hymenolobium
Hypocalyptus
Indigastrum
Indigofera
Inocarpus
Isotropis
Jacksonia
Kennedia
Kotschya
Kummerowia
Lablab
+Laburnocytisus[Note 1]
Laburnum
Lackeya
Ladeania[11]
Lamprolobium
Lathyrus
Latrobea
Lebeckia
Lecointea
Lembotropis
Lennea
Lens
Leobordea[7]
Leptoderris
Leptodesmia
Leptolobium[9]
Leptosema
Leptospron[5]
Lespedeza
Lessertia
Leucomphalos
Limadendron
Liparia
Listia[7]
Lonchocarpus
Lotononis[7]
Lotus
Luetzelburgia
Lupinus
Luzonia
Maackia
Machaerium
Macropsychanthus
Macroptilium
Macrotyloma
Maraniona[12]
Margaritolobium
Marina
Mastersia
Mecopus
Medicago
Melilotus
Melliniella
Melolobium
Microcharis
Mildbraediodendron
Millettia
Mirbelia
Monopteryx
Mucuna
Muellera
Muelleranthus
Mundulea
Myrocarpus
Myrospermum
Myroxylon
Mysanthus
Neocollettia
Neoharmsia
Neonotonia
Neorautanenia
Neorudolphia
Nephrodesmus
Nesphostylis
Nissolia
Nogra
Oberholzeria
Olneya
Onobrychis
Ononis
Ophrestia
Orbexilum
Oreophysa
Ormocarpopsis
Ormocarpum
Ormosia
Orphanodendron
Ornithopus
Oryxis
Ostryocarpus
Otholobium
Otoptera
Ottleya
Oxylobium
Oxyrhynchus
Oxytropis
Pachyrhizus
Panurea
Paracalyx
Paragoodia
Paramachaerium
Parochetus
Parryella
Pearsonia
Pediomelum
Periandra
Pericopsis
Petaladenium
Peteria
Petteria
Phaseolus
Phylacium
Phyllodium
Phyllota
Phylloxylon
Physostigma
Pickeringia
Pictetia
Piptanthus
Piscidia
Pisum
Plagiocarpus
Platycelyphium
Platycyamus
Platylobium
Platymiscium
Platypodium
Platysepalum
Podalyria
Podocytisus
Podolobium
Poecilanthe
Poiretia
Poitea
Polhillia
Pongamiopsis
Pseudarthria
Pseudeminia
Pseudoeriosema
Pseudovigna
Psophocarpus
Psoralea
Psoralidium
Psorothamnus
Pterocarpus
Pterodon
Ptycholobium
Ptychosema
Pueraria
Pultenaea
Pycnospora
Pyranthus
Rafnia
Ramirezella[5]
Ramorinoa
Retama
Rhodopis
Rhynchosia
Rhynchotropis
Riedeliella
Robinia
Robynsiophyton
Rothia
Rupertia
Sakoanala
Salweenia
Sarcodum
Sartoria
Schefflerodendron
Scorpiurus
Sellocharis
Sesbania
Shuteria
Sigmoidotropis[5]
Sinodolichos
Smirnowia
Smithia
Soemmeringia
Sophora
Spartium
Spartocytisus
Spathionema
Spatholobus
Sphaerolobium
Sphaerophysa
Sphenostylis
Sphinctospermum
Spirotropis
Spongiocarpella
Stauracanthus
Staminodianthus[13]
Steinbachiella[14]
Stirtonanthus
Stonesiella
Streblorrhiza
Strongylodon
Strophostyles
Stylosanthes
Styphnolobium
Swainsona
Swartzia
Sweetia
Sylvichadsia
Syrmatium
Tabaroa[15]
Tadehagi
Taralea
Taverniera
Templetonia
Tephrosia
Teramnus
Teyleria
Thermopsis
Thinicola
Tipuana
Trifidacanthus
Trifolium
Trigonella
Tripodion
Trischidium[16]
Uleanthus
Ulex
Uraria
Uribea
Urodon
Vandasina
Vatairea
Vataireopsis
Vatovaea
Vavilovia
Vermifrux
Verdesmum H. Ohashi & K. Ohashi 2012[17]
Vicia
Vigna
Viminaria
Virgilia
Wajira[5]
Weberbauerella
Whitfordiodendron
Wiborgia
Wiborgiella[6]
Wisteria
Xanthocercis
Xiphotheca
Zollernia
Zornia
Zygocarpum[18]

Systematics

Modern molecular phylogenetics recommend a clade-based classification of Faboideae as a superior alternative to the traditional tribal classification of Polhill:[4][19][20][21][22]

Faboideae
ADA clade

Angylocalyceae

Dipterygeae

Amburaneae

Swartzieae

Swartzioids

Atelioids

Cladrastis clade

Meso-Papilionoideae

Exostyleae

Genistoids

Ormosieae

Brongniartieae

Leptolobieae

Core genistoids

Camoensieae

Sophoreae

Podalyrieae

Crotalarieae

Genisteae

Vataireoids

Andira clade

Dalbergioids
Amorpheae

Amorphoids

Daleoids

Dalbergieae

Adesmia clade

Dalbergia clade

Pterocarpus clade

Old World clade

Baphieae

NPAAA clade

Hypocalypteae

Mirbelioids

Indigofereae

Millettioids

Barbierieae (Clitoriinae clade)

Core millettioids

Abreae

Millettieae

Diocleae

Phaseoloids

Kennediinae clade

Desmodieae

Cajaninae clade

Erythrininae clade

Psoraleeae

Phaseolinae clade

Hologalegina
Robinioids

Loteae

Sesbanieae

Robinieae

IRLC

Wisterieae

Fabeae

Hedysareae

Astragaleae

Note: Minor branches have been omitted.
Notes

Not a true genus. It is a graft-chimera between Laburnum and Cytisus.

References

"Subfamily Faboideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 31 October 2021.
"Systema Naturae 2000". Retrieved 2010-08-07 – via Taxonomicon.
McNeill, J.; et al., eds. (2006), International code of botanical nomenclature (Vienna Code) adopted by the seventeenth International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, July 2005 (electronic ed.), Vienna: International Association for Plant Taxonomy, archived from the original on 6 October 2012, retrieved 2011-02-20, Article 19.7
Cardoso D, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, de Lima HC, Fonty É, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M (2012). "Revisiting the phylogeny of papilionoid legumes: new insights from comprehensively sampled early-branching lineages". Am J Bot. 99 (12): 1991–2013. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200380. PMID 23221500.
Delgado-Salinas A, Thulin M, Pasquet R, Weeden N, Lavin M (2011). "Vigna (Leguminosae) sensu lato: the names and identities of the American segregate genera". Am J Bot. 98 (10): 1694–715. doi:10.3732/ajb.1100069. PMID 21980163.
Boatwright JS, Tilney PM, Van Wyk BE (2009). "The generic concept of Lebeckia (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): reinstatement of the genus Calobota and the new genus Wiborgiella". S Afr J Bot. 75 (3): 546–556. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2009.06.001.
Boatwright JS, Wink M, van Wyk BE (2011). "The generic concept of Lotononis (Crotalarieae, Fabaceae): Reinstatement of the genera Euchlora, Leobordea and Listia and the new genus Ezoloba". Taxon. 60 (1): 161–77. doi:10.1002/tax.601014.
Torke BM, Schaal BA (2008). "Molecular phylogenetics of the species-rich neotropical genus Swartzia (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) and related genera of the swartzioid clade". Am J Bot. 95 (2): 215–228. doi:10.3732/ajb.95.2.215. PMID 21632346.
Cardoso D, de Lima HC, Rodrigues RS, de Queiroz LP, Pennington RT, Lavin M (2012). "The Bowdichia clade of Genistoid legumes: Phylogenetic analysis of combined molecular and morphological data and a recircumscription of Diplotropis". Taxon. 61 (5): 1074–1087. doi:10.1002/tax.615012.
Ohashi, Kazuaki; Ohashi, Hiroyoshi; Nemoto, Tomoyuki; Ikeda, Tatsuki (June 2018). "Phylogenetic Analyses for a New Classification of the Desmodium Group of Leguminosae Tribe Desmodieae". Journal of Japanese Botany. 93( (3): 165–189.
Egan AN, Reveal JL (2009). "A new combination in Pediomelum and a new genus, Ladeania, from Western North America (Fabaceae, Psoraleeae)". Novon. 19 (3): 310–314. doi:10.3417/2008074. S2CID 83538579.
Hughes CE, Lewis GP, Daza Yomona A, Reynel C (2004). "Maraniona. A New Dalbergioid Legume Genus (Leguminosae, Papilionoideae) from Peru". Syst Bot. 29 (2): 366–374. doi:10.1600/036364404774195557. S2CID 85957592.
Cardoso D, de Lima HC, de Queiroz LP (2013). "Staminodianthus, a new neotropical Genistoid legume genus segregated from Diplotropis". Phytotaxa. 110 (1): 1–16. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.110.1.1.
Lewis GP, Wood JR, Lavin M (2012). "Steinbachiella (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae: Dalbergieae), endemic to Bolivia, is reinstated as an accepted genus". Kew Bull. 67 (4): 789–796. doi:10.1007/s12225-012-9415-z. S2CID 10964925.
de Queiroz LP, Lewis GP, Wojciechowski MF (2010). "Tabaroa, a new genus of Leguminosae tribe Brongniartieae from Brazil". Kew Bull. 65 (2): 189–203. doi:10.1007/s12225-010-9202-7. JSTOR 23216080. S2CID 36238640.
Ireland HE (2007). "Taxonomic changes in the South American genus Bocoa (Leguminosae–Swartzieae): Reinstatement of the name Trischidium, and a synopsis of both genera". Kew Bull. 62 (2): 333–350. JSTOR 20443359.
Ohashi H, Ohashi K (2012). "Verdesmum, a new genus of Leguminosae: tribe Desmodieae" (PDF). Journal of Japanese Botany. 87 (5): 299–306.
Thulin M, Lavin M (2001). "Phylogeny and Biogeography of the Ormocarpum Group (Fabaceae): A New Genus Zygocarpum from the Horn of Africa Region". Syst Bot. 26 (2): 299–317. JSTOR 2666709.
Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wykd BE, Wojciechowskie MF, Lavin M (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot. 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001.
Wojciechowskie MF (2013). "Towards a new classification of Leguminosae: Naming clades using non-Linnaean phylogenetic nomenclature". S. Afr. J. Bot. 89: 85–93. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.06.017.
LPWG [Legume Phylogeny Working Group] (2013). "Legume phylogeny and classification in the 21st century: progress, prospects and lessons for other species-rich clades" (PDF). Taxon. 62 (2): 217–248. doi:10.12705/622.8. hdl:10566/3455.
de Queiroz LP, Pastore JF, Cardoso D, Snak C, de C Lima AL, Gagnon E, Vatanparast M, Holland AE, Egan AN (2015). "A multilocus phylogenetic analysis reveals the monophyly of a recircumscribed papilionoid legume tribe Diocleae with well-supported generic relationships". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 90: 1–19. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.04.016. PMID 25934529.

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