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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Tageteae
Genus: Flaveria
Species: F. angustifolia – F. anomala – F. bidentis – F. brownii – F. campestris – F. chlorifolia – F. cronquistii – F. floridana – F. haumanii – F. kochiana – F. linearis – F. mcdougallii – F. oppositifolia – F. palmeri – F. pringlei – F. pubescens – F. ramosissima – F. robusta – F. sonorensis – F. trinervia – F. vaginata

Source(s) of checklist:

Hassler, M. 2018. Flaveria. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Apr. 16. Reference page.

Name

Flaveria Juss., 1780

Type species: Eupatorium chilense Molina = Flaveria bidentis (L.) Kuntze. LT designated by J.R. Johnston, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 39: 280 (1903)

Synonyms

Dilepis Suess. & Merxm.
Vermifuga Ruiz & Pav.
Nauenburgia Willd.
Brotera Spreng. 1801 illegitimate homonym not Cav. 1799 (Malvaceae)

References

Jussieu, A.L. de, Genera Plantarum 186–187. 1789.

Links

Hassler, M. 2018. Flaveria. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Apr. 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Flaveria. Published online. Accessed: Apr. 16 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Flaveria in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Apr. 16.
Tropicos.org 2018. Flaveria. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Apr. 16.

Flaveria is a genus of plants in the marigold family.[3][4] They are sometimes called yellowtops. Some are annual or perennial herbs and some are shrubs. They bear yellow flowers in heads, with zero, one, or two ray florets in each head.[5] These plants are found in the Americas, Asia, Africa, and Australia.[5][6]

While some members of this genus use the more common C3 carbon fixation pathway, others are C4 plants, and some are intermediate. With closely related species exhibiting different forms of metabolism, Flaveria has been a model genus for studies on the evolution of photosynthesis.[7][8][9] A monograph by A.M. Powell from 1978[10] is the most comprehensive study of morphology and biogeography for the Flaveria species to date. Molecular phylogenetic studies have clarified many of the evolutionary relationships between Flaveria species.[7][9]

Species[1][11][12]

Flaveria angustifolia - Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla, Guerrero); C3–C4 intermediate[9]
Flaveria anomala - Mexico (San Luis Potosí, Nuevo León, Durango, Zacatecas)
Flaveria australasica - speedyweed - Australia; C4[9]
Flaveria bidentis - coastal plain yellowtops - South America, Galápagos, West Indies, United States (Florida Georgia Alabama); C4[9]
Flaveria brownii - Brown's yellowtops - southern Texas; C4-like[9]
Flaveria campestris - alkali yellowtops - USA (Arizona New Mexico Texas Utah Colorado Kansas Missouri Indiana)
Flaveria chlorifolia - clasping yellowtops - Mexico (Chihuahua), New Mexico Texas; C3–C4 intermediate[9]
Flaveria cronquistii - Mexico (Oaxaca, Puebla)
Flaveria floridana - Florida yellowtops - Florida; C3–C4 intermediate[9]
Flaveria haumanii - Chile, Argentina
Flaveria intermedia - Mexico (Durango)
Flaveria kochiana - Mexico (Oaxaca); C4[9]
Flaveria linearis - narrowleaf yellowtops - Cuba, Bahamas, Florida, Yucatán Peninsula
Flaveria maritima Kunth
Flaveria mcdougallii Theroux, Pinkava & D.J.Keil
Flaveria oppositifolia - Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, Hidalgo, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí), Texas
Flaveria palmeri - Mexico (Coahuila); C4-like[9]
Flaveria pringlei - Mexico (Puebla, Oaxaca, Guerrero)
Flaveria pubescens - Mexico (San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas); C3–C4 intermediate[9]
Flaveria ramosissima - Mexico (Puebla, Oaxaca); C3–C4 intermediate[9]
Flaveria robusta - Mexico (Colima)
Flaveria sonorensis - Mexico (Chihuahua, Sonora); C3–C4 intermediate[9]
Flaveria trinervia - clustered yellowtops - Mexico, Belize, South America, West Indies, California Arizona New Mexico Texas Missouri Florida South Carolina Virginia Maryland Massachusetts); C4[9]
Flaveria vaginata B.L.Rob. & Greenm.; C4-like[9]

References

Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
Tropicos search for Flaveria
Jussieu, Antoine Laurent de. 1789. Genera Plantarum 186–187 in Latin
Tropicos, Flaveria Juss.
Floira of North America Vol. 21 Page 247 Flaveria Jussieu
Flora of China Vol. 20-21 Page 855 黄顶菊属 huang ding ju shu Flaveria Jussieu, Gen. Pl. 186. 1789.
McKown, A.D.; Moncalvo, J.-M.; Dengler, N.G. (2005). "Phylogeny of Flaveria (Asteraceae) and inference of C4 photosynthesis evolution". American Journal of Botany. 92 (11): 1911–1928. doi:10.3732/ajb.92.11.1911. ISSN 0002-9122. PMID 21646108. open access
Mallmann, Julia; Heckmann, David; Bräutigam, Andrea; Lercher, Martin J; Weber, Andreas PM; Westhoff, Peter; Gowik, Udo (2014). "The role of photorespiration during the evolution of C4 photosynthesis in the genus Flaveria". eLife. 3. doi:10.7554/elife.02478. PMC 4103682. PMID 24935935. open access
Lyu, M.-J.A.; Gowik, U.; Kelly, S.; et al. (2015). "RNA-Seq based phylogeny recapitulates previous phylogeny of the genus Flaveria (Asteraceae) with some modifications". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 15 (1): 116. doi:10.1186/s12862-015-0399-9. ISSN 1471-2148. PMC 4472175. PMID 26084484. open access
A.M. Powell. 1978. Systematics of Flaveria (Flaveriinae-Asteraceae. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 65: 590–636
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps
The Plant List search for Flaveria

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