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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Cajaninae
Genus: Flemingia
Species: F. angusta – F. angustifolia – F. bhutanica – F. brevipes – F. chappar – F. cumingiana – F. faginea – F. ferruginea – F. fluminalis – F. gracilis – F. grahamiana – F. horsfieldii – F. javanica – F. kerrii – F. kweichowensis – F. lacei – F. langbiangensis – F. latifolia – F. lineata – F. macrophylla – F. mengpengensis – F. nana – F. nilgheriensis – F. paniculata – F. parviflora – F. pauciflora – F. praecox – F. procumbens – F. prostrata – F. rollae – F. schultzii – F. semialata – F. sirindhorniae – F. sootepensis – F. stricta – F. strobilifera – F. teysmanniana – F. trifoliastrum – F. trifoliata – F. tuberosa – F. vestita – F. wallichii – F. wightiana
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Flemingia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 10. Reference page.

Name

Flemingia Roxb. ex W.T.Aiton, 1812, nom. cons.

Typus: F. strobilifera
(L.) W.T.Aiton

Homonyms

Flemingia Roxb. ex Rottl. (1803) nom. rej. = Thunbergia L.
Flemingia Hunter ex Ridl. (1909) nom. rej. = Tarenna Gaertn.

Synonyms

Lepidocoma Jungh.
Luorea Necker ex Jaume St.Hil., Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 3: 193. 1812, nom. rej.
Maughania St.Hil., Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 3: 216. 1813.
Moghamia Steud.
Ostryodium Desv., J. Bot. Agric. 1: 119. 1813.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental:Tropical & S. Africa, Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia
Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
Introduced into:
Benin, Colombia, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Madagascar, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Roxburgh, W. in Aiton, W.T. 1812. Hortus Kew. ed. 2. 4: 349.

Additional references

(2020). https://www.mapress.com/j/pt/article/view/phytotaxa.429.1.1/38300 epublication.
Govaerts, R.H.A. 2001. World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919. [unavailable to the public] Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Flemingia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Flemingia. Published online. Accessed: May 10 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Flemingia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 10.
Hassler, M. 2021. Flemingia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 10. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Flemingia. Accessed: 10 May 2021.

Vernacular names
русский: Флемингия
中文: 千斤拔属

Flemingia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae. It is native to Asia and the species are distributed in Bhutan, Burma, China, India; Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.[1][2] The genus was erected in 1812.

Diversity

The number of known species is ambiguous due to taxonomic problems; and is usually enumerated as more than 30. Burma and China have the highest record of Flemingia species with 16 each, followed by India (with 15 species), Thailand (11 species), Laos (10 species), Vietnam (8 species), Bhutan (1 species) and Nepal (5 species).[3]
Traditional use

Some species of Flemingia are used in the herbal medicine traditions of various Asian communities. This is attributed to their unique chemical properties,[medical citation needed] especially those of flavonoids and sterols. Their most common applications in traditional medicine are for epilepsy, dysentery, stomach ache, insomnia, cataract, helminthiasis, rheumatism, ulcer, and tuberculosis.[4]
Description

Members of Flemingia are shrubs, or herbs (or subshrubs); evergreen, or deciduous and perennial. They are generally about 0.2–1.5 m high. The stem is prostrate but weak. Leaves are small to medium-sized; not fasciculate, but alternate. The stem and leaves are pubescent, with dense hairs. Leaf blades are flat dorsoventrally. Flowers are aggregated in ‘inflorescences’; not crowded at the stem bases; in racemes, or in heads, or in panicles. Fruits are aerial, about 6–15 mm long; non-fleshy and hairy.[5][6][7]

Uses

Root tubers of Flamingia species have traditionally been used as food for Aborigines of the Northern Territory.[8]
Species

Some important species include:

Flemingia bhutanica
Flemingia brevipes
Flemingia chappar
Flemingia fruticulosa
Flemingia rhodocarpa
Flemingia grandiflora
Flemingia lineata
Flemingia macrophylla
Flemingia philippinensis
Flemingia prostrata
Flemingia semialata
Flemingia stricta
Flemingia strobilifera
Flemingia vestita

References

Lewis G, Schrire B, MacKinder B, Lock M (2005). Legumes of the World. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. p. 529. ISBN 1900347806.
National Research Council (2002). Tropical Legumes: Resources for the Future. Books for Business/ The Minerva Group, Inc. pp. 37–38. ISBN 0894991922.
Mishra S (2001). "Revision of the genus Flemingia Roxb. ex. W.T. Aiton, nom.cons. (Leguminosae) in Nepal". Botanica Orientalis. 4 (1): 458.
Ghalot K, Lal VK, Jha S (2011). "Phytochemical and pharmacological potential of Flemingia Roxb. ex W.T.Aiton (Fabaceae)". International Journal of Phytomedicine. 3 (3): 422–584. ISSN 0975-0185.
Watson L (2008). Scientific Description: Flemingia W.T. Aiton. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Chaudhri AB (2005). Forests Plants of Eastern India. Ashish. pp. 205–206. ISBN 8170245370.
Ren S, Gilbert MG (2010). "FLEMINGIA Roxburgh ex W. T. Aiton, Hort. Kew., ed. 2, 4: 349. 1812, nom. cons., not Roxburgh ex Rottler (1803)" (PDF). Flora of China. 10 (3): 232–237. ISSN 1043-4534.
NTFlora Northern Territory Flora online: Flora of the Darwin Region: Fabaceae. Retrieved 10 June 2018

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