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Fritillaria pinetorum, US Forest Service photo

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Liliaceae
Subfamilia: Lilioideae
Genus: Fritillaria
Species: Fritillaria pinetorum
Name

Fritillaria pinetorum Boiss.

Fritillaria pinetorum, the pinewoods fritillary or Davidson's fritillary, is an uncommon species of fritillary.[2][5]

It is endemic to California, USA, where it is found in shady mountain forests in the Sierra Nevada (from Sierra County to Kern County) and the San Gabriel Ranges from Santa Barbara County to San Bernardino County. There are also isolated populations in eastern Inyo County and in Modoc County.[6]
Description

Fritillaria pinetorum grows an erect stem 10–40 cm (3.9–15.7 in) high with 4 to 20 narrow, straight or curling leaves. The erect flower has six tepals each 1-2 cm long and yellow-mottled purple in color. It is similar in appearance to Fritillaria atropurpurea.[2]
References

Jepson Manual
Flora of North America, Fritillaria pinetorum
United States Department of Agriculture plants profile
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Davidson, Anstruther. 1908. Muhlenbergia; a journal of botany 4(5): 67–68
Calflora taxon report, Fritillaria pinetorum Davidson, pine woods fritillary, pinewoods fritillary

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Biology Encyclopedia

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