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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales

Familia: Papaveraceae
Subfamilia: Fumarioideae
Tribus: Fumarieae
Genus: Fumaria
Sectiones: F. sect. Fumaria – F. sect. Sphaerocapnos
Species

F. abyssinica – F. agraria – F. ajmasiana – F. asepala – F. atlantica – F. ballii – F. barnolae – F. bastardii – F. berberica – F. bicolor – F. bracteosa – F. capitata – F. capreolata – F. coccinea – F. daghestanica – F. densiflora – F. dubia – F. erostrata – F. faurei – F. flabellata – F. gaillardotii – F. indica – F. judaica – F. kralikii – F. macrocarpa – F. macrosepala – F. mairei – F. maurorum – F. melillaica – F. microstachys – F. mirabilis – F. montana – F. munbyi – F. muralis – F. normanii – F. occidentalis – F. officinalis – F. ouezzanensis – F. parviflora – F. petteri – F. platycarpa – F. pugsleyana – F. purpurea – F. reuteri – F. rifana – F. rostellata – F. rupestris – F. schleicheri – F. segetalis – F. sepium – F. skottsbergii – F. vaillantii

Nothospecies: F. × albertii – F. × burnatii – F. × franchetii – F. × gagrica – F. × hanryi – F. × painteri
Name

Fumaria L., Sp. Pl. 2: 699 (1753).

Type species: Fumaria officinalis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 700 (1753).

References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 699. Reference page.

Links

Farr, E.R. & Zijlstra, G. (eds.) 1996 onwards. Fumaria in Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum). Accessed: 2009 Nov 11.
International Plant Names Index. 2012. Fumaria. Published online. Accessed: 3. Oct. 2012.
The Plant List 2013. Fumaria in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Oct. 3.
Tropicos.org 2012. Fumaria. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Oct. 3.
Hassler, M. 2020. Fumaria. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 March 18. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Fumaria in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 March 18. Reference page.

Vernacular names
azərbaycanca: Şahtərə
беларуская: Дымніца
català: Fumària
Cebuano: Fumaria
čeština: zemědým
dansk: Jordrøg
Deutsch: Erdrauch
English: Fumitory
Esperanto: Fumario
español: Palomilla
eesti: Punand
فارسی: شاه تره
suomi: Emäkit
français: Fumeterre
hornjoserbsce: Kokrik
magyar: Orvosi füstike
հայերեն: Ծխաբույս
Ido: Fumario
қазақша: Көгілдір
lietuvių: Žvirbliarūtė
македонски: Чадливка
Nederlands: Duivenkervel
norsk nynorsk: jordrøykslekta
norsk: Jordrøykslekta - jordrøyslekten
polski: Dymnica
русский: Дымянка
slovenčina: zemedym
svenska: Jordrökar
українська: Рутка
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Shotara
中文: 球果紫堇属

Fumaria (fumitory or fumewort, from Latin fumus terrae, "smoke of the earth") is a genus of about 60 species[1] of annual flowering plants in the family Papaveraceae. The genus is native to Europe, Africa and Asia, most diverse in the Mediterranean region, and introduced to North, South America and Australia.[2] Fumaria species are sometimes used in herbal medicine. Fumaria indica contains the alkaloids fuyuziphine and alpha-hydrastine.[3][4] Fumaria indica may have anti-inflammatory and analgesic potential.[5]

Selected species

There are about 50 species:[6]

Fumaria abyssinica Hammar
Fumaria agraria Lag.
Fumaria ajmasiana Pau & Font Quer
Fumaria asepala Boiss.
Fumaria atlantica Coss. & Durieu ex Hausskn.
Fumaria ballii Pugsley
Fumaria barnolae Sennen & Pau
Fumaria bastardii Boreau
Fumaria berberica Pugsley
Fumaria bicolor Sommier ex Nicotra
Fumaria bracteosa Pomel
Fumaria × burnatii Verg.
Fumaria capitata Lidén
Fumaria capreolata L.
Fumaria coccinea R.T.Lowe ex Pugsley
Fumaria daghestanica Michajlova
Fumaria densiflora DC.
Fumaria dubia Pugsley
Fumaria erostrata (Pugsley) Lidén
Fumaria faurei (Pugsley) M.Linden
Fumaria flabellata Gasp.
Fumaria × gagrica Michajlova
Fumaria gaillardotii Boiss.
Fumaria indica (Hausskn.) Pugsley
Fumaria judaica Boiss.
Fumaria kralikii Jord.
Fumaria macrocarpa Parl.
Fumaria macrosepala Boiss.
Fumaria mairei Pugsley ex Maire
Fumaria maurorum Maire
Fumaria melillaica Pugsley
Fumaria microstachys Kralik ex Hausskn.
Fumaria mirabilis Pugsley
Fumaria montana J.A.Schmidt
Fumaria munbyi Boiss. & Reut.
Fumaria muralis Sond. ex W.D.J.Koch
Fumaria normanii Pugsley
Fumaria occidentalis Pugsley
Fumaria officinalis L.
Fumaria ouezzanensis Pugsley
Fumaria parviflora Lam.
Fumaria petteri Rchb.
Fumaria platycarpa Lidén
Fumaria pugsleyana (Pugsley) Lidén
Fumaria purpurea Pugsley
Fumaria ragusina (Pugsley) Pugsley
Fumaria reuteri Boiss.
Fumaria rifana Lidén
Fumaria rostellata Knaf
Fumaria rupestris Boiss. & Reut.
Fumaria schleicheri Soy.-Will.
Fumaria schrammii Velen.
Fumaria segetalis (Hammar) Cout.
Fumaria sepium Boiss. & Reut.
Fumaria skottsbergii Lidén
Fumaria vaillantii Loisel.

References

Murphy, R.J. (2009)b Fumitories of Britain and Ireland. BSBI Handbook No. 12. ISBN 9780901158406
Lidén, Magnus. 1986. Synopsis of Fumarioideae (Papaveraceae) with a monograph of the tribe Fumarieae. Opera Botanica 88, Copenhagen, Denmark
Pandey MB, Singh AK, Singh JP, Singh VP, Pandey VB .,"Fuyuziphine, a new alkaloid from Fumaria indica." Nat Prod Res 2008 Apr 15;22(6):533-536
http://www.mycobiology.or.kr/Upload/files/MYCOBIOLOGY/35(3)%20157-158.pdf
Rao CV, Verma AR, Gupta PK, Vijayakumar M.,"Anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive activities of Fumaria indica whole plant extract in experimental animals." Acta Pharm. 2007 Dec;57(4):491-498
"Fumaria". The Plant List. Retrieved November 4, 2013.

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