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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Agavoideae
Genus: Furcraea
Species: F. acaulis – F. andina – F. antillana – F. boliviensis – F. cabuya – F. depauperata – F. foetida – F. guatemalensis – F. guerrerensis – F. hexapetala – F. longaeva – F. macdougalii – F. martinezii – F. niquivilensis – F. occidentalis – F. parmentieri – F. pubescens – F. quicheensis – F. samalana – F. selloa – F. stratiotes – F. stricta – F. tuberosa – F. undulata
Name

Furcraea Vent., Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris 1: 65. (1793)
Type species: Furcraea hexapetala (Jacq.) Urb., Symb. Antill. 4: 152 (1903)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Fourcroya Spreng., Anleit. Kenntn. Gew., ed. 2, 2(1): 238. 1817, orth. var.
Funium Willemet, Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 18: 26. (1798)
Roezlia Laurentius, Bonplandia (Hannover) 9: 274. (1861)

References

Ventenat, É.P., 1793: Bulletin des Sciences, par la Société Philomatique, 1: 65.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2012. Furcraea in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Dec. 30. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2012. Furcraea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Dec. 30.
International Plant Names Index. 2012. Furcraea. Published online. Accessed: 30. Dec. 2012.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Furcraea. .


Furcraea is a genus of succulent plants belonging to the family Asparagaceae,[4] native to tropical regions of Mexico, the Caribbean, Central America and northern South America. Some species are also naturalized in parts of Africa, the United States (Florida), Portugal, Thailand, India, and Australia, as well as on various oceanic islands.[3][5][6] They are xerophytic monocots.

Plants of this genus are the origin of fique or cabuyo, a natural fiber.
Species [3]

Image Scientific name Distribution
Furcraea acaulis (Kunth) B.Ullrich Venezuela
Fique.jpg Furcraea andina Trel. in L.H.Bailey Peru, Ecuador
Furcraea antillana A.Álvarez Cuba, Hispaniola
Furcraea boliviensis Ravenna Bolivia
Furcraea cabuya 16zz.jpg Furcraea cabuya Trel. tropical Mexico, Central America, Venezuela
Furcraea depauperata Jacobi Mexico but apparently extinct
Starr-090714-2874-Furcraea foetida-habit-Poelua West Maui-Maui (24339235194).jpg Furcraea foetida (L.) Haw. (Mauritius Hemp) southern Caribbean; widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere
A044 agave furcraea guatemalensis - Flickr - Juan Ignacio 1976.jpg Furcraea guatemalensis Trel. southern Mexico, Central America
Furcraea guerrerensis Matuda Guerrero
Furcraea hexapetala SSZ.jpg Furcraea hexapetala (Jacq.) Urb., (Cuban Hemp) southern Mexico, West Indies, Venezuela, Ecuador, Galápagos
Furcraea longaeva kz3.jpg Furcraea longaeva Karw. & Zucc. Puebla, Oaxaca
Macdougals Giant Century Plant - Furcraea macdougalii (3594540635).jpg Furcraea macdougalii Matuda Puebla, Oaxaca, Chiapas
Furcraea martinezii García-Mend. & L.de la Rosa Guerrero
Furcraea niquivilensis Matuda ex García-Mend Chiapas
Furcraea occidentalis Trel. Peru
Furcraea bedinghausii 1c.JPG Furcraea parmentieri (Roezl) García-Mend. southern Mexico
Furcraea quicheensis Trel. Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras
Furcraea samalana Trel. Chiapas, Guatemala, El Salvador
Furcraea selloa Koch (AM AK291014-5).jpg Furcraea selloa K.Koch (Wild Sisal) Colombia, Ecuador; naturalized in Tamaulipas, Florida, Andaman Islands, India, Queensland
Furcraea stratiotes Petersen Nicaragua
Furcraea stricta Jacobi Trinidad, Colombia, Brazil
Furcraea geminispina 8zz.jpg Furcraea tuberosa (Mill.) Aiton (Female Karata) West Indies; naturalized in South Africa
Furcraea undulata Jacobi tropical Mexico, El Salvador

See also

Fique

References

Ventenat, Etienne Pierre. 1793. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societe Philomatique 1: 65-67 in Latin
lectotype designated by Britton, Flora of Bermuda 80 (1918)
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Agavoideae
Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution maps, Furcraea spp.

García-Mendoza, A. 2000. Revisión taxonómica de las especies arborescentes de Furcraea (Agavaceae) en México y Guatemala. Bol. Soc. Bot. México 66: 113–129

Germplasm Resources Information Network: Furcraea
United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile: Furcraea

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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