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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Galantheae
Genera: Acis - Galanthus - Leucojum
Name

Galantheae Parl., Fl. Ital. 3: 75. (1858)
Notes

This classification is not definitive. Other genera can be included in this tribe, but are place elsewhere in this circumscription.

Hannonia – Lapiedra – Vagaria
References

Lledó, M.D., Davis, A.P., Crespo, M.B., Chase, M.W. & Fay, M.F. 2004. Phylogenetic analysis of Leucojum and Galanthus (Amaryllidaceae) based on plastid mat K and nuclear ribosomal spacer (ITS) DNA sequences and morphology. Plant Systematics and Evolution 246(3–4): 223–243. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-004-0152-0 ResearchGate Reference page.
Meerow, A.W., Francisco-Ortega, J., Kuhn, D.N. & Schnell, R.J. 2006. Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography within the Eurasian clade of Amaryllidaceae based on plastid ndhF and nrDNA ITS sequences: lineage sorting in a reticulate area? Systematic Botany 31(1): 42–60. DOI: 10.1600/036364406775971787 PDF Reference page.
Amaryllidaceae Galantheae.

Galantheae is a tribe of plants belonging to the subfamily Amaryllidoideae of the Amaryllis family (Amaryllidaceae). As of 2017, it contains three genera, although more were included previously. The position of the ovary is inferior.

Taxonomy

For a history of the circumscription of Galantheae, see Meerow et al. 2006.[1] A narrower sense of the tribe is now favoured, with only three genera.[2]
Phylogeny

The placement of Galantheae within subfamily Amaryllidoideae is shown in the following cladogram:
Cladogram: Tribes of subfamily Amaryllidoideae

Subfamily Amaryllidoideae
Africa 

Tribe Amaryllideae

Africa 

Tribe Cyrtantheae

Africa 

Tribe Haemantheae

Australasia

Tribe Calostemmateae

Eurasian clade
Asia

Tribe Lycorideae

Mediterranean

Tribe Galantheae

Tribe Pancratieae

Tribe Narcisseae

American clade
Hippeastroid clade

Tribe Griffineae

Tribe Hippeastreae

Andean clade

Tribe Eustephieae

Tribe Eucharideae/Stenomesseae

Tribe Clinantheae

Tribe Hymenocallideae




Subdivision

Included genera are:[2][3]

Acis Salisb.
Galanthus L.
Leucojum L.

Previously included were:[4][5][6]

Hannonia
Lapiedra
Vagaria

Distribution and habitat

Galantheae represent one of the three European tribes of Amaryllidaceae (predominantly Mediterranean).
Cultivation

Some species of Acis, Galanthus and Leucojum are common ornamental garden plants.
References

Meerow et al 2006a.
Larsen et al 2010.
"USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN). National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland". Archived from the original on 2014-09-13. Retrieved 2014-09-13.
Traub, H.P. (1963). Genera of the Amaryllidaceae. La Jolla, California: American Plant Life Society.
Lledó, Ma D.; Davis, A. P.; Crespo, M. B.; Chase, M. W.; Fay, M. F. (14 June 2004). "Phylogenetic analysis of Leucojum and Galanthus (Amaryllidaceae) based on plastid matK and nuclear ribosomal spacer (ITS) DNA sequences and morphology". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 246 (3–4). doi:10.1007/s00606-004-0152-0. S2CID 43826738.

Meerow, Alan W.; Snijman, Deirdre A. (1998), "Amaryllidaceae", in Kubitzki, Klaus (ed.), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, vol. III, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg GmbH, pp. 83–110, doi:10.1007/978-3-662-03533-7, ISBN 978-3-642-08377-8, S2CID 30159571

Bibliography

Larsen, Maja Mellergaard; Adsersen, Anne; Davis, Aaron P.; Lledó, M. Dolores; Jäger, Anna K.; Rønsted, Nina (October 2010). "Using a phylogenetic approach to selection of target plants in drug discovery of acetylcholinesterase inhibiting alkaloids in Amaryllidaceae tribe Galantheae". Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 38 (5): 1026–1034. doi:10.1016/j.bse.2010.10.005.
Lledó, Ma D.; Davis, A. P.; Crespo, M. B.; Chase, M. W.; Fay, M. F. (14 June 2004). "Phylogenetic analysis of Leucojum and Galanthus (Amaryllidaceae) based on plastid matK and nuclear ribosomal spacer (ITS) DNA sequences and morphology". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 246 (3–4). doi:10.1007/s00606-004-0152-0. S2CID 43826738.
Meerow A. 1995. Towards a phylogeny of the Amaryllidaceae. In P. J. Rudall, P. J. Cribb, D. F. Cutler, and C. J. Humphries [eds.], Monocotyledons: systematics and evolution, 169-179. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Meerow A. and D. A. Snijman. 1998 Amaryllidaceae. In K. Kubitzki [ed.], Families and genera of vascular plants, vol. 3, 83-110. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Müller-Doblies, D., and U. Müller-Doblies. 1978. Studies on tribal systematics of Amaryllidaceae. 1 The systematic position of Lapiedra Lag.. Lagascalia 8: 13-23.
Meerow, Alan W. Michael F. Fay, Charles L Guy, Qin-BaoLi, Faridah Q Zaman and Mark W. Chase. 1999 Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data. American Journal of Botany. 86: 1325.
Meerow, AW; Francisco-Ortega, J; Schnell, RJ (2006). "Phylogenetic relationships and biogeography within the Eurasian clade of Amaryllidaceae based on plastid ndhF and nrDNA ITS sequences: lineage sorting in a reticulate area?". Systematic Botany. 31 (1): 42–60. doi:10.1600/036364406775971787. JSTOR 25064128. S2CID 85953035. Full text
Meerow, Alan W.; Snijman, Deirdre A. (2006). "The never-ending story: multigene approaches to the phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae". Aliso. 22: 355–366. doi:10.5642/aliso.20062201.29. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
Müller-Doblies, U.; Müller-Doblies, D. (1996). "Tribes and subtribes and some species combinations in Amaryllidaceae J St Hil R Dahlgren & al. 1985". Feddes Repertorium. 107 (5–6): S.c.1–S.c.9.
Vigneron, Pascal. "Amaryllidaceae". Amaryllidaceae.org (in French). Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
Stevens, P.F. (2001–2012), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Amaryllidoideae
"Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world". eMonocot.

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