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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Bambusoideae
Tribus: Arundinarieae
Subtribus: Gaoligongshaniinae
Genus: Gaoligongshania
Species: G. megalothyrsa
Name

Gaoligongshania D.Z.Li Hsueh & N.H.Xia, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33: 598 (1995)
monotypic taxon

References

Li D., Hsueh C. & Xia N. (1995) Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica, 33(6):597-601.
Clayton, W.D., Vorontsova, M.S., Harman, K.T. and Williamson, H. (2006 onwards) GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. Gaoligongshania. Published online. Accessed 27 Oct. 2013.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Gaoligongshania in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 27. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Gaoligongshania. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 25.
Tropicos.org 2013. Gaoligongshania. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Oct. 27.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Gaoligongshania. Published online. Accessed: 27 Oct. 2013.

Gaoligongshania megalothyrsa is a species of small, bushy mountain bamboo,[1] in the monotypic genus Gaoligongshania.[2] Like Ferrocalamus,[3] this genus is found only in Yunnan Province of China, and near the Myanmar border, at an altitude of 1,600 to 2,200 m (5,200 to 7,200 ft). It is named after the Gaoligong Mountains, where it is endemic.[1]
Description

Gaoligongshania megalothyrsa is an annual or perennial small bamboo, having the culms 1 to 3.5 m long and about 1 cm in diameter. The internodes are 30–35 cm in distance. Culm sheaths are persistent, yellow or green-brown in colour. Along the internodes are leathery, dense, short and spiny hairs. The auricles are well-developed, and purple in colour. Leaf sheaths are covered by white powdery material; the leaf blade is oblong-lanceolate, with long transverse and parallel veins. Anthers are yellow about 5 mm in length. Ovary is oblong. New shoots are produced during April and May, and flowering time is in October.[1]
References

De-Zhu Li & Chris Stapleton. "Gaoligongshania megalothyrsa". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
De-Zhu Li & Chris Stapleton. "Gaoligongshania". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
De-Zhu Li & Chris Stapleton. "Ferrocalamus". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 2 March 2015.

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