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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Garryales
Familiae: Eucommiaceae - Garryaceae
Name

Garryales Mart. Consp. Regn. Veg. 16. (1835)
Typus: Garrya Douglas ex Lindl. Edwards's Bot. Reg. 20: pl. 1686. (1834)

Synonyms

Aucubales Takhtajan
Eucommiales Cronquist

References

Martius, C.F.P. von (1835) Conspectus Regni Vegetabilis Secundum Characteres Morphologicas ... 16.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141(4): 399–436. DOI: 10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x Open access Reference page.
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 105–121. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x Open access Reference page.
Kårehed, J. 2001. Multiple origin of the tropical forest tree family Icacinaceae. American Journal of Botany 88(12): 2259–2274. JSTOR DOI: 10.2307/3558388 Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Garryales. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Jan. 31.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Links

Garryales – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
Garryales – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
EOL: Garryales

Vernacular names
català: Garryal
čeština: Garyotvaré
magyar: Barkamirtuszvirágúak
日本語: ガリア目
한국어: 가리야목
русский: Гарриецветные
Tiếng Việt: Bộ Giảo mộc
中文: 绞木目

The Garryales are a small order of dicotyledons, including only two families and three genera.

Description

Garryales are woody plants that are either hairless or have very fine hairs. Members of the family Garryaceae are evergreen, whereas those of the Eucommiaceae are deciduous and produce latex.[2] All members are dioecious.
Taxonomy

These belong among the asterids. Under the Cronquist system, the Garryaceae were placed among the Cornales.[2] The Eucommiaceae were given their own order and placed among the Hamamelidae. The Oncothecaceae family has been associated with Garryales, though the link is not strong enough to prove they are related.[3]
Subdivisions

The order is made up of two families which, between them, contain three genera. These are:[3]

Family Garryaceae
Garrya
Aucuba
Family Eucommiaceae
Eucommia

Distribution

Species in the order are spread between North America and Asia. The various Garrya species are found in North America, in southern and western coastal regions of the United States.[4] Aucuba species are found across eastern parts of Asia, while Eucommia species are within China.[5]
Uses

Plants within the Garryales may be cultivated for ornamental purposes;[2] Aucuba japonica is grown as a decorative hedge.[6]
References

"Taxon: Order Garryales Lindley, 1846". Universal Taxonomic Services. 7 Apr 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
Stevens 2003, pp. 1.
"GARRYALES Lindley". Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
"Results for Scientific Name = Garrya". United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
Stevens 2003, pp. 2.

"Aucuba japonica - Thunb". Plants for a future. Retrieved 23 August 2012.

Further reading
Liston, Aaron (May 2003), "A new interpretation of floral morphology in Garrya (Garryaceae)", Taxon, 52 (2): 271–276, doi:10.2307/3647395, JSTOR 3647395
Stevens, Peter (2003), "Garryales", Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, John Wiley & Sons: 2, doi:10.1038/npg.els.0003731, ISBN 0470016175

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