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Gentiana pneumonanthe

Gentiana pneumonanthe, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Gentianaceae
Tribus: Gentianeae
Subtribus: Gentianinae
Genus: Gentiana
Sectio: G. sect. Pneumonanthe
Species: Gentiana pneumonanthe
Subspecies: G. p. subsp. nopscae – G. p. subsp. pneumonanthe
Name

Gentiana pneumonanthe L., 1753
Homonyms

Gentiana pneumonanthe Michx. = Gentiana linearis Froel.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Eurasia
Albania, Altay, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krasnoyarsk, Netherlands, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, West Siberia, Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 228. Reference page.

Additional references

Abdulina, S.A., 1999. Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana. Checklist of Vascular Plants of Kazakhstan. 187 pp. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan. ISBN 9965-01-189-3 DJVU Reference page.
Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Gentiana pneumonanthe in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Jul 19. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Gentiana pneumonanthe. Published online. Accessed: Jul 19 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Gentiana pneumonanthe. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 19 Jul 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Gentiana pneumonanthe. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Jul 19. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Gentiana pneumonanthe. Accessed: 19 Jul 2021.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Gentiana pneumonanthe in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
čeština: hořec hořepník
Cymraeg: Crwynllys y gors
dansk: Klokke-Ensian
Deutsch: Lungen-Enzian, Lungenenzian
English: marsh gentian
Esperanto: Kalika genciano
español: genciana de turbera, cáliz de la aurora, caliz de la aurora
eesti: Sinine emajuur
suomi: Kellokatkero
français: Gentiane des marais
Frysk: Skieppeklokje, Duzendskoan
hornjoserbsce: Płucowy hórkowc
magyar: Kornistárnics
lietuvių: Siauralapis gencijonas
norsk bokmål: klokkesøte
Nedersaksies: Et blauwe klokkien, Klokjesgentiaan
Nederlands: Klokjesgentiaan
polski: Goryczka wąskolistna
português do Brasil: genciana-de-turfeiras
português: genciana-de-turfeiras
русский: горечавка лёгочная, Горечавка обыкновенная, Сокольница лёгочная, Горечавка легочная
slovenčina: horec pľúcny
slovenščina: Močvirski svišč
српски / srpski: мала свећица, мочварна линцура
svenska: Klockgentiana, Höstklocka


Gentiana pneumonanthe, the marsh gentian,[1] is a species of the genus Gentiana. It was the first wildflower announced as flower of the year in Germany in 1980. The species can be found in marshes and moorlands. It is the host-plant of the Alcon blue (Phengaris alcon).
References

BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.

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