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Gladiolus italicus

Gladiolus italicus (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Crocoideae
Tribus: Ixieae
Genus: Gladiolus
Species: Gladiolus italicus

Name

Gladiolus italicus Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 2. 1768.

Synonyms

* Ballosporum segetum (Ker Gawl.) Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 142. 1866.
* Gladiolus bornetii Ardoino, Fl. Anal. Alpes-Mar.: 363. 1867.
* Gladiolus communis subsp. inarimensis (Guss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 704. 1882.
* Gladiolus commutatus Bouché, Linnaea 12: 484. 1838.
* Gladiolus dalmaticus Tausch ex Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs., Add.: ix. 1832.
* Gladiolus dubius Parl., Fl. Panorm. 1: 44. 1839), nom. illeg.
* Gladiolus gawleri Jord. in C.T.A.Jordan & J.P.Fourreau, Icon. Fl. Eur. 2: 36. 1903), nom. illeg.
* Gladiolus guepinii K.Koch, Flora 23: 466. 1840.
* Gladiolus inarimensis Guss., Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 326. 1855.
* Gladiolus infestus Bianca, Atti Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania 19: 93. 1842.
* Gladiolus leucanthus Bouché, Linnaea 12: 483. 1838.
* Gladiolus ludovicae Jan ex Bertol., Novi Comment. Acad. Sci. Inst. Bononiensis 1: 74. 1834.
* Gladiolus pallidus Bouché, Linnaea 12: 482. 1838.
* Gladiolus paui Sennen, Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 72: 13. 1925 publ. 1926.
* Gladiolus proteiflorus G.B.Romano ex Lutati, Stud. Veg. Piemonte: 200. 1929.
* Gladiolus segetalis St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 126. 1880.
* Gladiolus segetum Ker Gawl., Bot. Mag. 19: t. 719. 1804.
* Gladiolus segetum subsp. guepinii (K.Koch) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 703. 1882.
* Gladiolus segetum var. infestus (Bianca) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 703. 1882.
* Gladiolus segetum var. ludovicae (Jan ex Bertol.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 703. 1882.
* Gladiolus segetum subsp. commutatus (Bouché) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 260. 1890.
* Gladiolus segetum subsp. inarimensis (Guss.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 260. 1890.
* Gladiolus segetum subsp. ludovicae (Jan ex Bertol.) K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 260. 1890.
* Gladiolus spathaceus Parl., Fl. Ital. 3: 262. 1860), nom. illeg.
* Gladiolus tenuiflorus K.Koch, Linnaea 21: 636. 1848.
* Gladiolus turkmenorum Czerniak. in V.L.Komarov (ed.), Fl. URSS 4: 750. 1935.
* Sphaerospora segetum (Ker Gawl.) Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 398. 1826), nom. inval.

References

* Gard. dict. ed. 8: Gladiolus no. 2. 1768
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 403097
* Govaerts, R. (2006). World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, 2009 Mar 23 [1].

Vernacular Names

Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά: Αγριόφρενσες, Μαχαιράς, Πάσχα, Πετεινός, Αγριοπετεινός

Gladiolus italicus is a species of gladiolus known by the common names Italian gladiolus, field gladiolus, and common sword-lily.

It is probably native to much of Eurasia, but it is well-known on other continents where it is a common weed, particularly of cultivated fields and waste places. This perennial flower grows an erect stem approaching a meter in maximum height with a few long leaves around its base. Toward the top half of the generally unbranching stem is a spike inflorescence on which flowers appear at intervals. Each plant has up to 15 or 16 flowers. The flower is bright pink to magenta and several centimeters long with its stamens and style protruding from the throat. The fruit is a capsule about a centimeter long containing many seeds.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License