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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Aizoaceae
Subfamilia: Ruschioideae
Tribus: Ruschieae
Genus: Glottiphyllum
Species: G. carnosum – G. cruciatum – G. depressum – G. difforme – G. fergusoniae – G. grandiflorum – G. linguiforme – G. longum – G. neilii – G. nelii – G. oligocarpum – G. peersii – G. regium – G. salmii – G. suave – G. surrectum
Source(s) of checklist:

Hassler, M. 2018. Glottiphyllum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 08. Reference page.

Name

Glottiphyllum Haw., 1821.

Type species: Glottiphyllum linguiforme (L.) N.E. Br. LT designated by N. E. Brown in E. P. Phillips, Gen. S. African Fl. Pl. 243 (1926).

References

Haworth, A.H., Saxifragearum Enumeratio. . . accedunt revisiones plantarum succulentarum 105. 1821.

Links

Hassler, M. 2018. Glottiphyllum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 08. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Glottiphyllum. Published online. Accessed: Jul. 08 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Glottiphyllum in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 08.
Tropicos.org 2018. Glottiphyllum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Jul. 08.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Glottiphyllum. .

Glottiphyllum is a genus of about 57 species of succulent subtropical plants of the family Aizoaceae. It is closely related to the Gibbaeum and Faucaria genera. The name comes from ancient Greek γλωττίς glottis "tongue" and φύλλον phyllon "leaf". The species are native to South Africa, specifically to Cape Province and the Karoo desert. They grow in rocks and soils incorporating slate, sandstone and quartz. Rainfall in their native areas is between 125 and 500 mm (4.9 and 19.7 in), most of which falls in March and November.
Contents

1 Description
2 Example species
3 Culture
4 Gallery of species
5 Bibliography
6 External links

Description

Glottiphyllum plants have thick, soft leaves arranged in pairs that are low to the ground and often graze the soil surface. They also have rhizomes. They sport yellow flowers with narrow petals in the autumn and winter. The flowers are sometimes fragrant and around 5 cm in diameter. The species readily interbreed, making hybridization easy.
Example species

Glottiphyllum carnosum NEBr.
Glottiphyllum cruciatum(Haw.) NEBr.
Glottiphyllum depressum(Haw.) NEBr.
Glottiphyllum difforme (L.) NEBr.
Glottiphyllum fergusoniae L. bolus
Glottiphyllum grandiflorum (Haw.) NEBr.
Glottiphyllum linguiforme (L.) NEBr.
Glottiphyllum longum (Haw.) NEBr.
Glottiphyllum neilii NEBr.
Glottiphyllum nelii Schwantes
Glottiphyllum oligocarpum L. bolus
Glottiphyllum peersii L. bolus
Glottiphyllum regium NEBr.
Glottiphyllum salmii (Haw.) bolus L.
Glottiphyllum suave NEBr.
Glottiphyllum surrectum (Haw.) bolus L.

Culture
Glottiphyllum plants can be grown in small pots in poor soil with sand and clay. They require full sun, and need moderate watering in summer and none in winter (during which the plant undergoes a necessary rest period). If overwatered, the plants become deformed.

Bibliography

Heidrun E. K. Hartmann : Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Aizoaceae F-Z, Éditions Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York, 2001, ISBN 3-540-41723-0
Gideon Smith u.a. : Mesembs of the World: Illustrated Guide to a Remarkable Succulent Group, Éditions Springer, 1998, ISBN 1-875093-13-3
Heidrun E.K. Hartmann, Horst Gölling: A monograph on the genus Glottiphyllum (Mesembryanthema, Aizoaceae). In: Bradleya. Band 11, 1993, S. 1–49

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