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Glottiphyllum

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Caryophyllales
Familia: Aizoaceae
Genus: Glottiphyllum
Species: G. album - G. angustum - G. apiculatum - G. arrectum - G. carnosum - G. cilliersiae - G. compressum - G. concavum - G. cruciatum - G. cultratum - G. davisii - G. depressum - G. difforme - G. erectum - G. fergusoniae - G. fragrans - G. framesii - G. grandiflorum - G. haagei - G. herrei - G. latifolium - G. latum - G. linguiforme - G. longipes - G. longum - G. marlothii - G. muirii - G. neilii - G. nelii - G. obliquum - G. ochraceum - G. oligocarpum - G. pallens - G. parvifolium - G. peersii - G. platycarpum - G. praepingue - G. proclive - G. propinquum - G. pustulatum - G. pygmaeum - G. regium - G. rosalieae - G. rubrostigma - G. rufescens - G. salmii - G. semicylindricum - G. starkeae - G. suave - G. subditum - G. surrectum - G. taurinum - G. uncatum - G. uniondalense

Name

Glottiphyllum Haw., 1821.

References

* The International Plant Names Index Glottiphyllum.
* Haworth, Adrian Hardy, 1821: Rev. Pl. Succ. 103, in obs.:.
* GBIF .

Glottiphyllum is a genus of about 57 species of succulent subtropical plants of the family Aizoaceae.

The name comes from the ancient Greek "γλωττίς" (glottis=tongue) and "φύλλον" (phyllos=leave).

The species are native to South Africa, specifically to Cape Province and the Karoo desert. They grow in rocks and soils incorporating slate, sandstone and quartz. Rainfall in their native areas is between 125 and 500 mm, especially in March and November.

Description

The plants have thick, soft leaves arranged in pairs, with a port or coated razing to the ground. They have rhizomes and sport yellow flowers with narrow petals, sometimes fragrant, around five cm diameter, which appear in autumn and winter. Hybridization is easy.

Some species

* Glottiphyllum carnosum NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum cruciatum(Haw.) NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum depressum(Haw.) NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum difforme (L.) NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum fergusoniae L. bolus
* Glottiphyllum fragrans
* Glottiphyllum grandiflorum (Haw.) NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum herrei
* Glottiphyllum linguiforme (L.) NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum longum (Haw.) NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum muiri
* Glottiphyllum neilii NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum nelii Schwantes
* Glottiphyllum oligocarpum L. bolus
* Glottiphyllum parvifolium
* Glottiphyllum peersii L. bolus
* Glottiphyllum platycarpum
* Glottiphyllum pygmaeum
* Glottiphyllum regium NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum salmii (Haw.) bolus L.
* Glottiphyllum semicylindricum
* Glottiphyllum starkeae
* Glottiphyllum suave NEBr.
* Glottiphyllum surrectum (Haw.) bolus L.
* Glottiphyllum uncatum


Culture

Glottiphyllum plants can be grown in small pots in a lean soil with sand and clay. They require very sunny exposure, and need moderate watering in summer and not at all in winter (during which the plant undergoes a necessary rest period). If overwatered, the plants become deformed.

Bibliography

* Heidrun E. K. Hartmann : Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants: Aizoaceae F-Z, Éditions Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York, 2001, ISBN=3-540-41723-0
* Gideon Smith u.a. : Mesembs of the World: Illustrated Guide to a Remarkable Succulent Group, Éditions Springer, 1998, ISBN=1-875093-13-3
* Heidrun E.K. Hartmann, Horst Gölling: A monograph on the genus Glottiphyllum (Mesembryanthema, Aizoaceae). In: Bradleya. Band 11, 1993, S. 1–49

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License