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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Sapindales

Familia: Rutaceae
Subfamilia: Aurantioideae
Tribus: Clauseneae
Genus: Glycosmis
Species: G. angustifolia – G. boreana – G. chlorosperma – G. cochinchinensis – G. collina – G. crassifolia – G. cyanocarpa – G. decipiens – G. dinhensis – G. elongata – G. erythrocarpa – G. esquirolii – G. gracilis – G. greenei – G. longipes – G. longisepala – G. macrantha – G. macrocarpa – G. macrophylla – G. mansiana – G. mauritiana – G. ovoidea – G. parkinsonii – G. parva – G. parviflora – G. pentaphylla – G. perakensis – G. petelotii – G. pierrei – G. pilosa – G. pseudoracemosa – G. pseudosapindoides – G. puberula – G. singuliflora – G. stenura – G. subopposita – G. sumatrana – G. superba – G. tetracronia – G. tomentella – G. trichanthera – G. trifoliata
Name

Glycosmis Correa

Glycosmis is a genus of flowering plants in the citrus family, Rutaceae and tribe Clauseneae.[1] It is in the subfamily Aurantioideae, which also includes genus Citrus. It is a genus of the subtribe Clauseninae, which are known technically as the remote citroid fruit trees.[2][3]

The distribution of the genus includes Southeast Asia and Australia.[2]

Description

Plants of the genus are shrubs and small trees. New growth is coated densely in rusty hairs. The leaves are simple blades or are divided into narrow leaflets, sometimes pinnately. The small flowers have five white petals and are borne in compound inflorescences. The fruit is a juicy or dry berry. Some species can be variable in appearance.[2]
Diversity

The genus Glycosmis is not well understood and many named species have not been adequately described.[2] Today there are about 35[3] to 50 species[4][5] included in the genus.

Species include:[1][3][5][6]

Glycosmis aglaioides R.H.Miao
Glycosmis angustifolia Lindl. ex Wight & Arn.
Glycosmis borana V.Naray. ex Tanaka
Glycosmis chlorosperma (Blume) Spreng.
Glycosmis collina B.C.Stone
Glycosmis craibii Tanaka
Glycosmis crassifolia Ridl.
Glycosmis cyanocarpa (Blume) Spreng.
Glycosmis cymosa (Kurz) V.Naray.
Glycosmis decipiens
Glycosmis dinhensis
Glycosmis elongata
Glycosmis erythrocarpa — red-tangerine
Glycosmis esquirolii
Glycosmis gracilis
Glycosmis greenei
Glycosmis longipes
Glycosmis longisepala
Glycosmis lucida
Glycosmis macrantha
Glycosmis macrocarpa
Glycosmis macrophylla
Glycosmis mansiana
Glycosmis mauritiana
Glycosmis montana
Glycosmis monticola (syn. G. chlorosperma)
Glycosmis oligantha
Glycosmis ovoidea
Glycosmis parkinsonii
Glycosmis parva
Glycosmis parviflora — Chinese glycosmis
Glycosmis pentaphylla — orangeberry, gin berry
Glycosmis perakensis
Glycosmis petelotii
Glycosmis pierrei
Glycosmis pilosa
Glycosmis pseudoracemosa
Glycosmis pseudosapindoides
Glycosmis puberula
Glycosmis singuliflora
Glycosmis stenura
Glycosmis subopposita
Glycosmis sumatrana
Glycosmis superba
Glycosmis tetracronia
Glycosmis tomentella
Glycosmis trichanthera
Glycosmis trifoliata — pink-fruit glycosmis
Glycosmis xizangensis

References

Glycosmis. The Plant List. Accessed 30 July 2013.
Swingle, W.T.; Reece, P.C. (1967). "3: The Botany of Citrus and its Wild Relatives". In Webber, H.J. (ed.). The Citrus Industry. 1. University of California Press. Archived from the original on 2011-07-19.
Citrus Variety Collection. College of Natural and Agricultural Sciences. University of California, Riverside.
Glycosmis. FloraBase. Western Australian Herbarium.
Glycosmis. Flora of China.
GRIN Species Records of Glycosmis. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).

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Biology Encyclopedia

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