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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Gnaphalieae
Genera: AcanthocladiumAchyroclineAcomisActinoboleAlatosetaAliellaAmmobiumAmphiglossaAnaphalioidesAnaphalisAnaxetonAncistrocarphusAnderbergiaAnemocarpaaAngianthusAnisothrixAntennariaApalochlamysArgentipallium – Argyroglottis – Argyrotegium – Arrowsmithia – Artemisiopsis – Asteridea – Athrixia – Atrichantha – Balladonia – Basedowia – Bellida – Belloa – Berroa – Blennospora – Bombycilaena – Bryomorphe – Callilepis – Calocephalus – Calomeria – Calotesta – Cassinia – Castroviejoa – Catatia – Cephalipterum – Cephalosorus – Chamaepus – Chevreulia – Chiliocephalum – Chionolaena – Chondropyxis – Chrysocephalum – Chthonocephalus – Cladochaeta – Coronidium – Craspedia – Cremnothamnus – Cuatrecasasiella – Decazesia – Dielitzia – Disparago – Dithyrostegia – Dolichothrix – Edmondia – Elytropappus – Epitriche – Eriochlamys – Erymophyllum – Euchiton – Erymophyllum – Ewartia – Ewartiothamnus – Facelis – Feldstonia – Filago – Fitzwillia – Fluminaria – Galeomma – Gamochaeta – Gilberta – Gilruthia – Gnaphalium – Gnephosis – Gnomophalium – Gratwickia – Haeckeria – Haegiela – Haptotrichion – Helichrysopsis – Helichrysum – Hesperevax – Humeocline – Hyalochlamys – Hyalosperma – Hydroidea – IflogaIxiolaena – Ixodia – Jalcophila – Lachnospermum – Langebergia – Lasiopogon – Lawrencella – Leiocarpa – Lemooria – Leontopodium – Lepidostephium – Leptorhynchos – Leptotriche – Leucochrysum – Leucogenes – Leysera – Libinhania – Logfia – Loricaria – Lucilia – Macowania – Metalasia – Mexerion – Micropsis – Micropus – Millotia – Mniodes – Myriocephalus – Neotysonia – Nestlera – Notisia – Odixia – Oedera – Omalotheca – Oxylaena – Ozothamnus – Paenula – Parantennaria – Pentatrichia – Petalacte – Phaenocoma – Phacellothrix – Phagnalon – Philyrophyllum – Pithocarpa – Planea – Phaenocoma – Pleuropappus – Podolepis – Podotheca – Pogonolepis – Polycalymma – PseudognaphaliumPsilocarphus – Psychrophyton – Pterochaeta – Pterothrix – Pterygopappus – Pycnosorus – Quinetia – Quinqueremulus – Rachelia – Raoulia – Raouliopsis – Rhodanthe – Rhynchopsidium – Rutidosis – Schoenia – Scyphocoronis – Siloxerus – Sondottia – Sphaeromorphaea – Stenocline – Stoebe – Stuartina – Stuckertiella – Stylocline – Syncarpha – Syncephalum – Taplinia – Tenrhynea – Thiseltonia – Tietkensia – Toxanthes – Trichanthodium – Trichogyne – Triptilodiscus – Troglophyton – Vellereophyton – Waitzia – Xerochrysum

Name

Gnaphalieae (Cass.) ex Lecoq & Juill., Dict. Rais. Term. Bot. 296. (1831)

Type genus: Gnaphalium L., Sp. Pl. 2: 850. (1753)

Note: There will be generic recircumscriptions required by Bergh et al. (2018)
References

Lecoq, H. & Juillet, J. 1831. Dictionnaire Raisonne des Termes de Botanique et des Familles Naturelles. Paris 296.
Andrés-Sánchez, S., Galbany Casals, M., Rico, E. & Martínez Ortega, M.M. 2011. A nomenclatural treatment for Logfia Cass. and Filago L.(Asteraceae) as newly circumscribed: typification of several names. Taxon 60(2): 572–576. PDF from ResearchGate Reference page.
Bentley, J., Verboom, G.A. & Bergh, N.G. 2017. Species-level phylogenetic analysis in the Relhania clade of "everlastings" and a new generic treatment of species previously assigned to Macowania and Arrowsmithia (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae). Taxon 66(6): 1421-1438. DOI: 10.12705/666.9 PDF Reference page.
Bergh, N.G. 2009. Systematics of the Relhaniinae (Asteraceae-Gnaphalieae) in southern Africa: geography and evolution in an endemic Cape plant lineage. (Doctoral dissertation, University of Cape Town). PDF Reference page.
Bergh, N.G., Bentley, J. & Verboom, G.A. 2018. Classification of the Relhania generic group (Asteraceae, Gnaphalieae) revisited using molecular phylogenetic analysis. Phytotaxa 344(2): 101-132. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.344.2.1 Reference page.
Freire, S.E., Chemisquy, M.A., Anderberg, A.A., Beck, S.G., Meneses, R.I., Loeuille, B. & Urtubey, E. 2015. The Lucilia group (Asteraceae, Gnaphalieae): phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations based on molecular and morphological evidence. Plant Systematics and Evolution 301(4): 1227–1248. DOI: 10.1007/s00606-014-1147-0 Reference page.
Funk, V.A., Susanna, A., Steussy, T.F. & Bayer, R.J. Eds. 2009. Systematics, Evolution, and Biogeography of Compositae. International Association for Plant Taxonomy, University of Vienna. ISBN 978-3-9501754-3-1. Table 36.1
Montes-Moreno, N., Sáez, L., Benedí, C., Susanna, A. & Garcia-Jacas, N. 2010. Generic delineation, phylogeny and subtribal affinities of Phagnalon and Aliella (Compositae, Gnaphalieae) based on nuclear and chloroplast sequences. Taxon 59(6): 1654–1670. DOI: 10.1002/tax.596002 JSTOR PDF Reference page.
Montes-Moreno, N., Garcia-Jacas, N., Benedí, C. & Sáez, L. 2013. Evaluation of the taxonomic status of the genus Aliella (Compositae, Gnaphalieae): a recircumscription of the genus Phagnalon. Phytotaxa 148(1): 1–31. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.148.1.1 PDF Reference page.
Nie, Z.L., Funk, V.A., Meng, Y., Deng, T., Sun, H. & Wen, J. 2016. Recent assembly of the global herbaceous flora: evidence from the paper daisies (Asteraceae: Gnaphalieae). New Phytologist 209(4): 1795-1806. DOI: 10.1111/nph.13740 Reference page.

Vernacular names
العربية: برسياوية
日本語: ハハコグサ連
한국어: 떡쑥족
македонски: смилови
русский: Сушенициевые

The Gnaphalieae are a tribe of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae. It is most closely related to the tribes Anthemideae, Astereae, and Calenduleae.[1]

Characteristics

This group is most diverse in South America, Southern Africa and Australia. There are only a few genera with species native to temperate regions: Anaphalis, Antennaria, Gamochaeta, Helichrysum, Leontopodium (Edelweiss), Phagnalon, Diaperia, and Pseudognaphalium.[2]

The classification of the tribe into subtribes is unclear, with a number of past classifications not being supported by late 20th-century evidence.[2]
Genera

Gnaphalieae genera recognized by the Global Compositae Database as April 2022:[3][4][5]

× Filfia Holub
Acanthocladium F.Muell.
Achyrocline (Less.) DC.
Acomis F.Muell.
Actinobole Fenzl ex Endl.
Alatoseta Compton
Ammobium R.Br.
Amphiglossa DC.
Anaphalioides (Benth.) Kirp.
Anaphalis DC.
Anaxeton Gaertn.
Ancistrocarphus A.Gray
Anderbergia B.Nord.
Anemocarpa Paul G.Wilson
Angianthus J.C.Wendl.
Antennaria Gaertn.
Apalochlamys Cass.
Argentipallium Paul G.Wilson
Argyroglottis Turcz.
Argyrotegium J.M.Ward & Breitw.
Arrowsmithia DC.
Asteridea Lindl.
Athrixia Ker Gawl.
Atrichantha Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Basedowia E.Pritz.
Bellida Ewart
Belloa J.Rémy
Berroa Beauverd
Blennospora A.Gray
Bombycilaena (DC.) Smoljan.
Bryomorphe Harv.
Calocephalus R.Br.
Calomeria Vent.
Calotesta P.O.Karis
Cassinia R.Br.
Castroviejoa Galbany, L.Sáez & Benedí
Catatia Humbert
Cephalipterum A.Gray
Cephalosorus A.Gray
Chamaepus Wagenitz
Chevreulia Cass.
Chiliocephalum Benth.
Chionolaena DC.
Chondropyxis D.A.Cooke
Chryselium Urtubey & S. E. Freire
Chrysocephalum Walp.
Chthonocephalus Steetz
Cladochaeta DC.
Coronidium Paul G. Wilson
Craspedia G.Forst.
Cremnothamnus Puttock
Cuatrecasasiella H.Rob.
Dasyanthus Bubani
Decazesia F.Muell.
Diaperia Nutt.
Dicerothamnus Koek.
Dielitzia P.S.Short
Disparago Gaertn.
Dithyrostegia A.Gray
Dolichothrix Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Edmondia Cass.
Elytropappus Cass.
Epitriche Turcz.
Eriochlamys Sond. & F.Muell.
Erymophyllum Paul G.Wilson
Euchiton Cass.
Ewartia Beauverd
Ewartiothamnus Anderb.
Facelis Cass.
Feldstonia P.S.Short
Filago Loefl.
Fitzwillia P.S.Short
Fluminaria N.G.Bergh
Galeomma Rauschert
Gamochaeta Wedd.
Gilberta Turcz.
Gilruthia Ewart
Gnaphaliothamnus Kirp.
Gnaphalium L.
Gnephosis Cass.
Gnomophalium Greuter
Gratwickia F.Muell.
Haeckeria F.Muell.
Haegiela P.S.Short & Paul G.Wilson
Haptotrichion Paul G.Wilson
Helichrysopsis Kirp.
Helichrysum Mill.
Hesperevax (A.Gray) A.Gray
Humeocline Anderb.
Hyalochlamys A.Gray
Hyalosperma Steetz
Hydroidea P.O.Karis
Ifloga Cass.
Ixiolaena Benth.
Ixodia R.Br.
Jalcophila M.O.Dillon & Sagást.
Lachnospermum Willd.
Langebergia Anderb.
Laphangium (Hilliard & B.L.Burtt) Tzvelev
Lasiopogon Cass.
Lawrencella Lindl.
Leiocarpa Paul G.Wilson
Lemooria P.S.Short
Leontopodium (Pers.) R.Br. ex Cass.
Lepidostephium Oliv.
Leptorhynchos Less.
Leucochrysum (A.Cunn. ex DC.) Paul G.Wilson
Leucogenes Beauverd
Leucophyta R.Br.
Leysera L.
Logfia Cass.
Loricaria Wedd.
Lucilia Cass.
Metalasia R.Br.
Mexerion G.L.Nesom
Micropsis DC.
Micropus L.
Millotia Cass.
Mniodes (A.Gray) Benth. & Hook.f.
Myriocephalus Benth.
Myrovernix Koek.
Neotysonia Dalla Torre & Harms
Nestlera Spreng.
Odixia Orchard
Oedera L.
Ozothamnus R.Br.
Paenula Orchard
Parantennaria Beauverd
Pentatrichia Klatt
Petalacte D.Don
Phaenocoma D.Don
Phagnalon Cass.
Pithocarpa Lindl.
Plecostachys Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Podolepis Labill.
Podotheca Cass.
Pogonolepis Steetz
Polycalymma F.Muell. & Sond.
Pseudognaphalium Kirp.
Psilocarphus Nutt.
Pterochaeta Steetz
Pterygopappus Hook.f.
Pycnosorus Benth.
Quinetia Cass.
Quinqueremulus Paul G.Wilson
Rachelia J.M.Ward & Breitw.
Raoulia Hook.f. ex Raoul
Raouliopsis S.F.Blake
Rhetinocarpha Paul G.Wilson & M.A.Wilson
Rhodanthe Lindl.
Rhynchopsidium DC.
Rutidosis DC.
Schoenia Steetz
Scyphocoronis A.Gray
Seriphium L.
Siemssenia Steetz
Siloxerus Labill.
Sinoleontopodium Y.L.Chen
Sondottia P.S.Short
Stenocline DC.
Stenophalium Anderb.
Stoebe L.
Stuartina Sond.
Stylocline Nutt.
Swammerdamia DC.
Syncarpha DC.
Syncephalum DC.
Taplinia Lander
Tenrhynea Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Thiseltonia Hemsl.
Tietkensia P.S.Short
Toxanthes Turcz.
Trichanthodium Sond. & F.Muell.
Triptilodiscus Turcz.
Troglophyton Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Vellereophyton Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
Waitzia J.C.Wendl.
Xerochrysum Tzvelev

Other genera

Sources: FNA[6]

Anisothrix
Antithrixia
Artemisiopsis
Atrichantha
Callilepis (may not belong in this tribe[2])
Comborhiza
Denekia
Helipterum

Libinhania[7]
Macowania
Oreoleysera
Oxylaena
Planea
Printzia (may not belong in this tribe[2])
Relhania
Rosenia
Trichogyne

References

Panero, JL; VA Funk (2002-12-30). "Toward a phylogenetic subfamilial classification for the Compositae (Asteraceae)" (PDF). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Biological Society of Washington. 115 (4): 909–922. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
Randall J. Bayer; Christopher F. Puttock; Scot A. Kelchner (2000). "Phylogeny of South African Gnaphalieae (Asteraceae) based on two noncoding chloroplast sequences". American Journal of Botany. 87 (2): 259–272. doi:10.2307/2656914. JSTOR 2656914. PMID 10675314.
"Gnaphalieae Cass. ex Lecoq & Juill". Global Compositae Database. Compositae Working Group (CWG). 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
"Gnaphaliinae Dumort". Global Compositae Database. Compositae Working Group (CWG). 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
"Relhaniinae Less". Global Compositae Database. Compositae Working Group (CWG). 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
"Asteraceae tribe Gnaphalieae". Flora of North America. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
Kilian, Norbert; Galbany-Casals, Mercè; Sommerer, Ronny; Oberprieler, Christoph; Smissen, Rob; Miller, Antony; Rabe, Katharina (2017). "Systematics of Libinhania, a new endemic genus of Gnaphalieae (Asteraceae) from the Socotra archipelago (Yemen), inferred from plastid, low-copy nuclear and nuclear ribosomal DNA loci". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 183 (3): 373–412. doi:10.1093/botlinnean/bow013.

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