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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Detarioideae
Tribus: Detarieae
Genus: Guibourtia
Species: G. arnoldiana – G. carrissoana – G. chodatianaG. coleosperma – G. conjugata – G. copallifera – G. demeusei – G. dinklagei – G. ehie – G. hymenaeifolia – G. leonensis – G. pellegriniana – G. schliebenii – G. sousae – G. tessmannii
Source(s) of checklist:

Name

Guibourtia Benn., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1: 149 (1857)

Type species: Guibourtia copallifera Benn., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 1: 150 (1857)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Gorskia Bolle in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 15 (1861)
Type species: Gorskia conjugata Bolle in W.C.H.Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 6(1): 16 (1861) ≡ Guibourtia conjugata (Bolle) J.Léonard, Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 19: 402 (1949)
Pseudocopaiva Britton, Trop. Woods 20: 28 (1929)
Type species: Pseudocopaiva hymenaeifolia (Moric.) Britton & P.Wilson, Trop. Woods 20: 28 (1929) ≡ Guibourtia hymenaeifolia (Moric.) J.Léonard, Bull. Jard. Bot. État Bruxelles 19: 401 (1949)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa
Regional: West Tropical Africa
Burkina, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
Cabinda, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Zaïre
Regional: East Tropical Africa
Tanzania
Regional: South Tropical Africa
Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Regional: Southern Africa
Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Namibia, Northern Provinces
Continental: Southern America
Regional: Caribbean
Cuba
Regional: Western South America
Bolivia
Regional: Brazil
Brazil West-Central, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast
Regional: Southern South America
Paraguay

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Bennett, J.J. 1857. Description of the Kobo-tree, a new genus of Leguminosæ, collected by Dr. W. F. Daniell, F.L.S., in Sierra Leone. Journal of the Proceedings of the Linnean Society. Botany 1: 149–151. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Léonard, J. 1949. Notulae systematicae IV (Caesalpiniaceae-Amherstieae africanae americanaeque). Bulletin du Jardin botanique de l'État à Bruxelles 19: 383–408. DOI: 10.2307/3666831 Hybrid open access journal Reference page.

Links

Guibourtia in Catalogue of Life. Accessed: 21 November 2021.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Guibourtia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Nov 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Guibourtia. Published online. Accessed: 21 Nov 2021.
Tropicos.org 2020. Guibourtia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sep 12.

Vernacular names
eesti: Bubingapuu
日本語: ブビンガ属

Guibourtia is a flowering plant genus in the family Fabaceae, also known by the common names as Rhodesian copalwood, African rosewood, amazique, bubinga, kevazingo and ovangkol.

Description

Guibourtia contains 16 species that are native to tropical regions of Africa (13 species) and South America (3 species).[1] They occur in swampy or periodically inundated forests, as well as near rivers or at lakeshores.

The trees grow to 40–50 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 1–2 m, often with a heavily buttressed trunk.[2]
Species

Africa[1]

Guibourtia arnoldiana (De Wild. & T.Durand) J.Léonard - benge, benzi, bubinga, essingang, kevazingo, m'penze, mbenge, mutenye, olive walnut, ovang, waka
Guibourtia carrissoana (M.A.Exell) J.Léonard - African rosewood
Guibourtia coleosperma (Benth.) J.Léonard - African rosewood, false mopane, Rhodesian copalwood
Guibourtia conjugata (Bolle) J.Léonard
Guibourtia copallifera Benn.
Guibourtia demeusei (Harms) J.Léonard - African rosewood, akume, bubinga, ebana, essingang, kevazingo, kewazingo, okweni, ovang, waka
Guibourtia dinklagei (Harms) J.Léonard
Guibourtia ehie (A.Chev.) J.Léonard - amazakoue, amazoué, anokye, black hyedua, ehie, hyedua, hyeduanini, ovangkol, shedua
Guibourtia leonensis J.Léonard
Guibourtia pellegriniana J.Léonard - akume, bubinga, essingang, kevazingo, kevazingu, ovang, waka
Guibourtia schliebenii (Harms) J.Léonard
Guibourtia sousae J.Léonard
Guibourtia tessmannii (Harms) J.Léonard - akume, bindinga, bubinga, essingang, kevazingo, ovang, waka

South America[1]

Guibourtia chodatiana (Hassl.) J.Léonard (sometimes included in G. hymenaefolia[3]) - Tiete rosewood, Patagonian cherry, sirari
Guibourtia confertiflora (Benth.) J.Léonard
Guibourtia hymenaefolia (Moric.) J.Léonard - Tiete rosewood, Patagonian cherry, sirari

Uses

The genus is used as a tropical hardwood timber, and is traded under the common names bubinga, African rosewood, amazoue, amazique, kevazingo and ovangkol.[4][5][6]

The timber is also used for inlays[7] and in the manufacture of high-end furniture (especially by contemporary Arts and Crafts artists), on high-end woodworking tools such as the front knobs and rear handles of smooth planes, knife handles and medium-end tobacco pipes.[8]

The timber is often used by luthiers for harps and other instruments, such as bass guitars, because of its mellow and well-rounded sound and the various range of grain patterns. Warwick Bass and Ibanez are known to use bubinga and ovangkol. It has been used in drum shells as well. Drum companies such as Tama offer various high-end drum kits with plies of bubinga in the shells.[failed verification] Crafter also uses bubinga on some of their instruments.[9] Bubinga is also used in both acoustic and electric guitars for its figure and hardness.

Species of Guibourtia also produce Congo copal.
References

International Legume Database & Information Service: Guibourtia Archived 2009-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
Translated from the German Wikipedia article Guibourtia
"Guibourtia chodatiana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 29 December 2017.
https://www.wood-database.com/bubinga/ Bubinga - The Wood Database
https://www.wood-database.com/ovankol/ Ovankol - The Wood Database
https://www.wood-database.com/tiete-rosewood/ Tiete-Rosewood - The Wood Database
"Bubinga | The Wood Database - Lumber Identification (Hardwood)". Retrieved 2019-08-27.
"RAW Natural Pipes • RAWthentic • RAW Rolling Papers Official Site".
"Crafter M-85E/AM Mandolin w/bag, Bubinga top, South Europe". Craftereurope.com. 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2011-01-12.

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