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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Aizoaceae
Subfamilia: Aizooideae
Genus: Gunniopsis
Species: G. calcarea – G. calva – G. divisa – G. glabra – G. intermedia – G. kochii – G. papillata – G. propinqua – G. quadrifaria – G. quadrifida – G. rodwayi – G. rubra – G. septifraga – G. tenuifolia – G. zygophylloides
Name

Gunniopsis Pax, (1889)

Type species: Gunniopsis quadrifida (F. Muell.) Pax. (1889)

Synonyms

Gunnia F.Muell.
Neogunnia Pax & K.Hoffm.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Gunniopsis

Continental:Australasia
Regional: Ausgralia
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Pax, Ferdinand Albin, 1889. Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien 3(1b)

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Gunniopsis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sep 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Gunniopsis. Published online. Accessed: Sep 15 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Gunniopsis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sep 15.
Hassler, M. 2020. Gunniopsis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sep 15. Reference page.
Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2019. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Gunniopsis. .

Gunniopsis is a genus of flowering plants in the iceplant family, Aizoaceae. These plants are found in areas of inland Australia.[1]

Gunniopis comprises 14 species[2] that were once members of the genera Aizoon, Gunnia and Neogunnia.[3]

The name of the genus honours the botanist and politician Ronald Campbell Gunn. The genus was first formally described by the botanist Ferdinand Pax in 1889 in Engler and Prantl's work Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien.[1] The name is derived from the Greek word opsis meaning resembling which alludes to the resemblance of the genus to the genus Gunnia.[4]

Members of this genus are succulents with the habit of a small shrub or herb.[5]

The plants are widespread throughout the eremaean zones of Western Australia and South Australia with some species extending into the areas in the Northern Territory, Queensland and New South Wales. Found in arid areas the plants are often found in shrubland area with saline soils in and around salt lake systems. The shrub-like Gunniopsis quadrifida has the largest distribution of all the species.[3]
Species

The 14 recognised species belonging to the Gunniopsis genera[2] are listed below:

Gunniopsis calcarea Chinnock Nullarbor gunniopsis or yellow flowered pigface
Gunniopsis calva Chinnock
Gunniopsis divisa Chinnock
Gunniopsis glabra (Ewart) C.A.Gardner
Gunniopsis intermedia Diels yellow salt star
Gunniopsis kochii (R.Wagner) Chinnock Koch's pigface
Gunniopsis papillata Chinnock
Gunniopsis propinqua Chinnock
Gunniopsis quadrifida (F.Muell.) Pax sturts pigface
Gunniopsis rodwayi (Ewart) C.A.Gardner
Gunniopsis rubra Chinnock
Gunniopsis septifraga (F.Muell.) Chinnock green pigface
Gunniopsis tenuifolia Chinnock narrow-leaf pigface
Gunniopsis zygophylloides (F.Muell.) Diels twin-leaf pigface

References

"Gunniopsis Pax". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
"Results". The Plant List. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
R.J.Chinnock (1983). "The Australian Genus Gunniopsis Pa" (PDF). Journal of Adelaide Botanical Gardens. State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
"Gunniopsis calcarea (Aizoaceae) Yellow-flowered Pigface". Seeds of South Australia. Retrieved 15 January 2017.
"Gunniopsis". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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