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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Bromeliaceae
Subfamilia: Tillandsioideae
Tribus: Tillandsieae
Genus: Guzmania
Species: G. acorifolia – G. acuminata – G. acutispica – G. aequatorialis – G. albescens – G. alborosea – G. alcantareoides – G. alliodora – G. altsonii – G. amplectens – G. andreana – G. andreettae – G. angustifolia – G. apiculata – G. armeniaca – G. asplundii – G. atrocastanea – G. attenuata – G. bakeri – G. barbiei – G. bergii – G. berteroniana – G. besseae – G. betancurii – G. bicolor – G. bipartita – G. bismarckii – G. blassii – G. brackeana – G. bracteosa – G. brasiliensis – G. breviscapa – G. brevispatha – G. butcheri – G. cabrerae – G. calamifolia – G. calothyrsus – G. candelabrum – G. caricifolia – G. cerrohoyaensis – G. cinnabarina – G. circinnata – G. claviformis – G. compacta – G. condensata – G. condorensis – G. confinis – G. confusa – G. conglomerata – G. conifera – G. coriostachya – G. corniculata – G. cuatrecasasii – G. cuzcoensis – G. cylindrica – G. dalstroemii – G. danielii – G. darienensis – G. delicatula – G. densiflora – G. desautelsii – G. devansayana – G. diazii – G. diffusa – G. dissitiflora – G. donnell-smithii – G. dudleyi – G. dussii – G. ecuadorensis – G. eduardii – G. ekmanii – G. elvallensis – G. erythrolepis – G. farciminiformis – G. fawcettii – G. ferruginea – G. filiorum – G. flagellata – G. foetida – G. formosa – G. fosteriana – G. fuerstenbergiana – G. fuquae – G. garciaensis – G. glaucophylla – G. globosa – G. glomerata – G. gloriosa – G. goudotiana – G. gracilior – G. gracilis – G. graminifolia – G. harlingii – G. hedychioides – G. henniae – G. herrerae – G. hirtzii – G. hitchcockiana – G. hollinensis – G. inexpectata – G. izkoi – G. jaramilloi – G. kalbreyeri – G. kareniae – G. kentii – G. killipiana – G. kraenzliniana – G. kressii – G. laeta – G. lehmanniana – G. lemeana – G. leonard-kentiana – G. lepidota – G. lindenii – G. lingulata – G. longibracteata – G. longipetala – G. loraxiana – G. lychnis – G. macropoda – G. madisonii – G. manzanaresiorum – G. marantoidea – G. megastachya – G. melinonis – G. membranacea – G. mitis – G. monostachia – G. morreniana – G. mosquerae – G. mucronata – G. multiflora – G. musaica – G. nangaritzae – G. nicaraguensis – G. nidularioides – G. nubicola – G. nubigena – G. obtusiloba – G. oligantha – G. osyana – G. pallida – G. palustris – G. panamensis – G. paniculata – G. pattersonae – G. patula – G. pearcei – G. pennellii – G. plicatifolia – G. plumieri – G. polycephala – G. poortmanii – G. pseudodissitiflora – G. pseudospectabilis – G. pungens – G. puyoensis – G. radiata – G. rauhiana – G. regalis – G. remediosensis – G. remyi – G. retusa – G. rhonhofiana – G. roezlii – G. rosea – G. roseifloraG. rubrolutea – G. rugosa – G. sanguinea – G. scandens – G. scherzeriana – G. septata – G. sibundoyorum – G. sieffiana – G. skotakii – G. sneidernii – G. spectabilis – G. sphaeroidea – G. sprucei – G. squarrosa – G. stenostachya – G. steyermarkii – G. straminea – G. striata – G. stricta – G. strobilantha – G. subcorymbosa – G. tarapotina – G. tenuifolia – G. terrestris – G. testudinis – G. teucamae – G. teuscheri – G. triangularis – G. undulatobracteata – G. vanvolxemii – G. variegata – G. ventricosa – G. verecunda – G. victoriae – G. vinacea – G. virescens – G. viridiflora – G. vittata – G. weberbaueri – G. wittmackii – G. xanthobractea – G. xipholepis – G. zahnii – G. zakii
Name

Guzmania Ruiz & Pav., Fl. Peruv. 3: 37 (1802).

Type species: Guzmania monostachia (L.) Rusby ex Mez, Monogr. Phan. 9: 905. (1896) originally designated as synonym Guzmania tricolor Ruiz & Pav. (1802)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Devillea Bertero ex Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 1229 (1830).
Massangea É.Morren, Ann. Bot. Hort. 27: 59 (1877).
Sodiroa Andrews, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 24: 167 (1877).
Schlumbergeria É.Morren, Ann. Bot. Hort. 28: 311 (1878).
Thecophyllum André, Bromel. Andr.: 107 (1889).
Chirripoa Suess., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 72: 293 (1942).

References

Ruiz López, H. & Pavón, J.A., 1802. Flora Peruviana, et Chilensis 3: 37.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Guzmania in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jun 30. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Guzmania. Published online. Accessed: Jun 30 2019.
The Plant List 2013. Guzmania in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jun 30.
Tropicos.org 2019. Guzmania. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jun 30.
FCBS Bromeliad Species Online Database[1]

Vernacular names
English: Guzzies
suomi: Timanttiananakset
magyar: Guzmán-bromélia, lándzsabunkó

Guzmania (tufted airplant) is a genus of over 120 species of flowering plants in the botanical family Bromeliaceae, subfamily Tillandsioideae.[2] They are mainly stemless, evergreen, epiphytic perennials native to Florida, the West Indies, southern Mexico, Central America, and northern and western South America.[1][3] They are found at altitudes of up to 3,500 m (11,483 ft) in the Andean rainforests.[2]

The genus is named after Spanish pharmacist and naturalist, Anastasio Guzman.[4]

Several species of this genus are cultivated as indoor and outdoor garden plants. The best known is Guzmania lingulata (scarlet star) which bears orange and red bracts.

The plant dies after it has produced its flowers in summer, but new plants can easily be propagated from the offsets which appear as the parent plant dies. They are epiphytes and can do well if tied on to pieces of bark with roots bound into sphagnum moss.

Guzmanias require warm temperatures and relatively high humidity. The sac fungus Bipolaris sorokiniana (anamorph of Cochliobolus sativus) and others can cause fatal root rot in plants of this genus if the roots get too wet and cold.

Species
Main article: List of Guzmania species

As of September 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognizes 215 species, including hybrids.[5]
Notable cultivars

Hybrids:

cv. 'Rana'
Wittmackii-Hybrids
Zahnii-Hybrids

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964.
Flora of North America, Guzmania Ruiz & Pávon, Flora Peruviana. 3: 37. 1802.
"The Colors of Guzmania Bromeliads". Manila Bulletin. 18 January 2012.[dead link]
"Search for Guzmania", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2014-09-04

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Biology Encyclopedia

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