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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Gesneriaceae
Subfamilia: Didymocarpoideae
Tribus: Trichosporeae
Subtribus: Ramondinae
Genus: Haberlea
Species: H. rhodopensis

Haberlea Friv., Magyar Tud. Tars. Evkon. 2: 249. t. 1. (1835) et Flora 18: 331 (1835).

monotypic taxon


Haberlea Pohl ex Baker, Fl. Bras. (Martius) 6(2): 341. (1876) nom. illeg. hom. vide Praxelis Cass., Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. [F. Cuvier] 43: 261. (1826) (Asteraceae)

Primary references

Frivaldszky, E. 1835. Közlések a' Balkány vidékén tett természettudományi utazásról. [Intelligences on the natural history journey taken in the Balkan region]. A Magyar Tudós Társaság Évkönyvei 2: 235–276, 7 plates. BSB. Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Haberlea in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 July 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Haberlea. Published online. Accessed: July 11 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Haberlea. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 July 11.

Haberlea is a monotypic genus[2] of flowering plants in the family Gesneriaceae. The only member of this genus, Haberlea rhodopensis, is endemic to parts of Bulgaria and a small part of northern Greece, especially in the Rhodope Mountains.[3] Common names include Orpheus flower and resurrection plant because of the remarkable ability of Haberlea to survive very long periods of desiccation.[4]

The species is a stemless, evergreen perennial found in north-facing rocky habitats. Basal rosettes of dark green leaves bear trumpet-shaped flowers in shades of white, violet or purple in spring and summer.

Despite the zygomorphic nectar-producing flowers (which are considered an ancestral character) and the overall trend in Gesneriaceae, resurrection plant is only rarely pollinated by bees and does not have specific pollinators. Rather its evolution has switched in the direction of providing pollen as a reward and generalisation of pollinating insects - a trend that is observed in the other European member (Ramonda) of the more tropically and subtropically spread family Gesneriaceae. Active pollinators of Haberlea are found to be syrphids (hoverflies) and Lasioglossum morio (Hymenoptera, Halictidae) which are characterised by low preferential behaviour regarding the plants that they visit for food.[5]

Haberlea rhodopensis (pale lilac flowers) has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[6][7]
See also

List of Balkan endemic plants


"Haberlea rhodopensis Friv.". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 10 August 2015 – via The Plant List.
"Haberlea". The Plant List. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
Bazos, I. & Petrova, A. (2011). "Haberlea rhodopensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T165162A5984626. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T165162A5984626.en. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
"Molecular mechanisms of desiccation tolerance in the resurrection glacial relic Haberlea rhodopensis".
"Pollination Ecology of Haberlea rhodopensis Friv. (Gesneriaceae), A Tertiary Relict Endemic To The Balkan Peninsula".
"Haberlea rhodopensis AGM". Retrieved 23 February 2020.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 43. Retrieved 3 March 2018.

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