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Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Commelinidae
Ordo: Commelinales
Familia: Haemodoraceae
Genera: Anigozanthos - Barberetta - Blancoa - Conostylis - Dilatris - Haemodorum - Lachnanthes - Macropidia - Phlebocarya - Pyrrhorhiza - Schiekia - Tribonanthes - Xiphidium - Wachendorfia


Haemodoraceae R.Br.


* Friedrich A. Lohmueller: The Botanical System of the Plants[1]

Vernacular names
Русский: Гемодоровые

Haemodoraceae is a family of flowering plants. It is sometimes known as the "Bloodwort family". Primarily a Southern Hemisphere family, they are found in South Africa, Australia and New Guinea, and in the Americas (from SE U.S.A. to tropical South America).

Perhaps the best known are the widely cultivated and unusual Kangaroo Paws from Australia, of the two closely related genera Anigozanthos and Macropidia.

The APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, of 1998), also recognizes this family and places it in the order Commelinales, in the clade commelinids, in the monocots. The family then includes about a dozen genera, totalling several dozen species, of perennial herbaceous plants.

The leathery leaves are rather large and entire or ensiform, with entire margins. The leaves are enclosed by a sheath with free margins and alternate, distichous (= in two vertical ranks).

The plants are hermaphroditic. Pollinators are primarily insects, but also birds or sometimes a small mammal. The wooly-haired flowers grow at the end of a leafles stalk, in cymes (with lateral branches), panicles or racemes.
Potentially confused plants

The term bloodwort can also apply to Sanguinaria canadensis (more often called bloodroot) or Achillea millefolium (more often called yarrow or common yarrow).


* Anigozanthos - Kangaroo Paws
* Barberetta
* Blancoa
* Conostylis
* Dilatris
* Haemodorum - Bloodroots
* Lachnanthes
* Macropidia - Black Kangaroo Paw
* Phlebocarya
* Pyrrhorhiza
* Schiekia
* Tribonanthes
* Xiphidium
* Wachendorfia


* Haemodoraceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. Version: 27th April 2006. http://delta-intkey.com
* Monocot families (USDA)
* Flora of North America
* NCBI Taxonomy Browser
* links at CSDL
* family description (Western Australia)

* overview of taxa in Western Australia [144 entries]

Common Name: Hakonechloa
Genus: Hakonechloa
Species: macra
Species aureola, alboaurea.

Can tolerate several different light levels, Full sun, Partial shade and Shade.
Fully Hardy
Prefers heavy moist soil types.
Height: 40 cm
Spread: 45 cm

There are several types of this small Japanese clump forming grass. The aureola form is a gold striped and lime green grass, which fades to pink in autumn. These is also a green form (simply known as hakonechloa macra) and the variegated form alboaurea. The Royal Horticultural Society have given the aureola form their prestigious Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License