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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Chenopodiaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Salsoloideae
Tribus: Salsoleae
Genus: Halothamnus
Sectiones: H. sect. Halothamnus – H. sect. Pungentifolia
Overview of species

Accepted species (21): H. afghanicus – H. auriculus – H. bamianicus – H. beckettii – H. bottae – H. cinerascens – H. ferganensis – H. glaucus – H. hierochunticus – H. iliensis – H. iranicus – H. iraqensis – H. kermanensis – H. lancifolius – H. oxianus – H. schurobi – H. seravschanicus – H. sistanicus – H. somalensis – H. subaphyllus – H. turcomanicus

Names in synonymy: H. acutifolius – H. babatagi – H. heptapotamicus – H. hispidulus – H. moquinianus – H. psammophilus – H. samanganicus – H. subaphylloides – H. tianschanicus

for Aellenia: A. auricula – A. autranii – A. glauca – A. hierochuntica – A. hispidula – A. iliensis – A. lancifolia – A. × manoutcherii – A. sistanica – A. subaphylla – A. turcomanica

Halothamnus Jaub. & Spach, Ill. Pl. Orient. 2(14-16): 50, t. 136. (1845)

(emend. by Botsch. 1981)
Type: Halothamnus bottae Jaub. & Spach


Aellenia Ulbr., Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. 2 [Engler & Prantl] 16c: 567. (1934)
Type: not given, comprising Aellenia auricula and Aellenia lancifolia.
Salsola L. sect. Sphragidanthus Iljin, Fl. URSS 6: 245. (1936)
Type: not given, comprising Salsola glauca, Salsola subaphylla, Salsola hispidula and Salsola iliensis.
Aellenia emend. Aellen, Verh. Nat. Ges. Basel 61: 172. (1950)
Type: not given, comprising Aellenia auricula, Aellenia glauca, Aellenia hierochuntica, Aellenia iliensis and Aellenia subaphylla.


Halothamnus F.Muell., Pl. Vict. i. 158. (1862), nom. illeg., replaced by Selenothamnus Melville

Native distribution areas:
distribution of Halothamnus

Northeast Tropical Africa
Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia
Middle Asia
Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Tadzhikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Gruziya, Armenia, Azerbaidjan
Western Asia
Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Palestine, Lebanon-Syria, Sinai, Turkey
Arabian Peninsula
Gulf States, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
Indian Subcontinent
Pakistan (Baluchistan)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Aellen, P. 1950. Ergebnisse einer botanisch-zoologischen Sammelreise durch den Iran 1948/1949. Botanische Ergebnisse I. Chenopodiaceae. Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel 61: 128–198. Reference page. : 172.
Botschantzev, V.P. 1981. Revisio generis Halothamnus Jaub. et Spach (Chenopodiaceae). Novosti Sistematiki Vysshikh Rastenii 18: 146–176. [In Russian] Reference page. : 146.
Jaubert, H.F. & Spach, E. 1844–1846. Illustrationes Plantarum Orientalium. Vol. 2. 123 pp, pl. 101–200. Parisiis: apud Roret Bibliopolam. Hathitrust Reference page. : tab.136.
Iljin, M.M. 1936. Chenopodiaceae. In: Komarov, V.L. & Shishkin, B.K. (eds.): Flora URSS 6: 2–354. (russian) BHL (english translation). Reference page. : 245 (russian, translated).
Ulbrich, O.E. 1934. Chenopodiaceae, in: Engler, A. & Prantl, K.A.E. (eds.): Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed.2. 16c, Engelmann, Leipzig: 379–584. Reference page. : 567.

Additional references

Kothe-Heinrich, G. 1993. Revision der Gattung Halothamnus (Chenopodiaceae). Dissertation Kassel 1992. Bibliotheca Botanica 143. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart. ISBN 978-3-510-48014-2. 176 pp. Reference page.
Kothe-Heinrich, G. 1997. Halothamnus. In:
Hedge, I.C., Akhani, H., Freitag, H., Kothe-Heinrich, G., Podlech, D., Rilke, S. & Uotila, P. 1997. Chenopodiaceae. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.): Flora Iranica Vol. 172. 371 pp., 212 tab., Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt Graz. Reference page. : 255–289.
Freitag, H., Hedge, I.C, Jafri, S.M.H, Kothe-Heinrich, G., Omer, S. & Uotila, P. 2001. Chenopodiaceae. In: Ali, S.I. (ed.): Flora of Pakistan 204. 217 pp., Department of Botany/Missouri Botanical Press, Karachi/St. Louis, ISBN 1-930723-10-5 eFloras. Reference page. : Halothamnus
Akhani, H., Edwards, G. & Roalson, E.H. 2007. Diversification of the Old World Salsoleae s.l. (Chenopodiaceae): Molecular Phylogenetic Analysis of Nuclear and Chloroplast Data Sets and a Revised Classification. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168(6): 931–956. DOI: 10.1086/518263 ResearchGate Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2019. Halothamnus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 25. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Halothamnus. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 25 2019.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Halothamnus in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 25. Reference page. 2019. Halothamnus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Mar. 25.

Vernacular names
العربية: قضة
فارسی: عجوه (سرده)
қазақша: Жүрен
русский: Галотамнус
中文: 新疆藜属, xin jiang li shu

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