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The Cactaceae Vol II, plate XX filtered (Harrisia martini)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cereeae
Subtribus: Trichocereinae
Genus: Harrisia
Subgenus: H. subg. Eriocereus
Sectio: H. sect. Eriocereus
Species: Harrisia martinii

Harrisia martinii (Labour.) Britton (1917)

Cereus martinii Labour.
Cereus martinii var. perviridis Weing.
Eriocereus martinii (Labour.) Riccob.
Eriocereus perviridis (Weing.) Backeb.
Harrisia perviridis (Weing.) Borg

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Southern South America
Argentina Northeast, Paraguay
Introduced into:
Cape Provinces, Free State, Hawaii, KwaZulu-Natal, New South Wales, Queensland

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Labouret, J. in Britton, N.L. 1917. Addisonia 2: 155, pl. 68.

Additional references

Anderson, E.F. 2001. The Cactus Family. (Timber Press) ISBN 0-88192-498-9.
Hunt, D., Taylor, N. & Charles, G. (ed.) 2006. The New Cactus Lexicon. Milborne Port. ISBN 0-9538134-4-4.
The International Plant Names Index 2009. Published on the Internet. 2010 Mar 12 [1].
Korotkova, N., Aquino, D., Arias, S., Eggli, U., Franck, A. , Gómez-Hinostrosa, C., Guerrero, P.C., Hernández, H.M., Kohlbecker, A., Köhler, M., Luther, K., Majure, L.C., Müller, A., Metzing, D., Nyffeler, R., Sánchez, D., Schlumpberger, B. & Berendsohn, W.G. 2021. Cactaceae at Caryophyllales. org–a dynamic online species-level taxonomic backbone for the family. Willdenowia 51(2): 251–270. DOI: 10.3372/wi.51.51208 Open access Reference page.


Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Harrisia martinii in Cactaceae at A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov 08. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Harrisia martinii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov 08. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Harrisia martinii. Published online. Accessed: Nov 08 2021. 2021. Harrisia martinii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 08 Nov 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Harrisia martinii. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Nov 08. Reference page.

Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Toukaktus
English: Harrisia cactus, Moon cactus, Moonlight cactus, Snake cactus

Harrisia martinii, commonly called the Martin applecactus, is a species of night-blooming, rope-like cacti native to South America.[1] With large showy flowers that attract the hawk moth, it is considered by some a useful landscape plant in areas that do not freeze.[2]

Harrisia martinii is considered an exotic invasive in Australia,[1][3][4] South Africa,[5] and the U.S. state of Hawaii.

The plant is spiny with edible red globular fruit.[1]

"Harrisia Cactus". HerbiGuide. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
Soule, J.A. 2012. Butterfly Gardening in Southern Arizona. Tierra del Soule Press, Tucson, AZ
Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry: Biosecurity Queensland (1 January 2016). "Prohibited invasive plants: Harrisia cactus". Business Queensland. Queensland Government. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
"Harrisia cactus" (PDF). Biosecurity Queensland. The State of Queensland, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry. 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
Klein, H. (1999). "Biological control of three cactaceous weeds, Pereskia aculeata Miller, Harrisia martinii (Labouret) Britton and Cereus jamacaru De Candolle in South Africa". African Entomology Memoir (1): 3–14. S2CID 55993058. AGRIS id ZA2001000773. CABI ISC 19992302942.

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