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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Aveneae
Genus: Hierochloe
Species: H. fraseri – H. × zinserlingii


Hierochloe R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 208 (1810), nom. cons.

Type species: Hierochloe odorata (L.) P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr., Atlas: t. 12, f. 5 (1812) = Anthoxanthum nitens (Weber) Y.Schouten & Veldkamp, Blumea 30: 348 (1985)

Note: Is a synonym of Anthoxanthum, but the above are comb. ined. with no legitimate equivalents, so this page must be maintained until this is resolved.

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 208.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Hierochloe in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Sept. 17. Reference page. 2013. Hierochloe. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 17 Dec. 2013.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Hierochloe. Published online. Accessed: 17 Dec. 2013.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Зуброўка
čeština: Tomkovice
English: Sweet Grass
suomi: Maarianheinät
magyar: Szentperje
русский: Зубровка

Hierochloe is a genus of plants in the grass family known generally as sweetgrass.[3] These are perennial rhizomatous grasses found primarily in temperate and subarctic regions of Eurasia and North America, although some species extend southwards into Australia and Latin America.[2][4]

These erect green grasses are known for their sweet scent. They bear panicle inflorescences with rounded grass grain fruits.[5]

Some authors advocate merging the two genera Hierochloe and Anthoxanthum, though others disagree.[6][7][8]


Hierochloe alpina - Russia, Scandinavia, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Manchuria, Korea, Japan, Canada, Greenland, Alaska, northern United States (ME NH VT NY MN)
Hierochloe australis - northern + central Europe
Hierochloe brunonis - New Zealand (South I + Antipodean Is)
Hierochloe cuprea - New Zealand (South I + North I)
Hierochloe davidsei - Colombia, Venezuela, Costa Rica
Hierochloe equiseta - New Zealand South I)
Hierochloe flexuosa - Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Arunachal Pradesh
Hierochloe fraseri - Tasmania
Hierochloe fusca - New Zealand (South I + North I, Chatham Is, Antipodean Is)
Hierochloe glabra - China incl Tibet; Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Asiatic Russia, Kazakhstan
Hierochloe gunckelii - Chile, Argentina
Hierochloe helenae - Primorye
Hierochloe juncifolia - Chile, Argentina
Hierochloe khasiana - Assam
Hierochloe laxa - Afghanistan, northern Pakistan, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Nepal, Gansu, Sichuan
Hierochloe mexicana - Mexico, Guatemala, Venezuela
Hierochloe novae-zelandiae - New Zealand (South I + North I)
Hierochloe occidentalis - Washington, Oregon, California
Hierochloe odorata - Eurasia, North America
Hierochloe pauciflora - Russia, Canada, Alaska
Hierochloe pluriflora - Japan
Hierochloe potaninii - Gansu, Sichuan
Hierochloe pusilla - Chile, Argentina
Hierochloe quebrada - Peru
Hierochloe rariflora - Australia
Hierochloe recurvata - New Zealand (South I + North I)
Hierochloe redolens - Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, South America, Falkland Is
Hierochloe repens - Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Belarus, Bulgaria, Romania, Czech Rep, Hungary, Austria
Hierochloe spicata - southern Chile
Hierochloe submutica - Australia
Hierochloe tibetica - Tibet
Hierochloe utriculata - Chile, Argentina
Hierochloe wendelboi - Pakistan
Hierochloe × zinserlingii - Ural Mountains of Russia

formerly included[2]

numerous species now regarded as better suited to other genera: Anthoxanthum Centotheca Holcus

International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants see § 60.6
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Brown, Robert. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 208-209 in Latin
USDA Plants Profile
Jepson Manual Treatment
Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 336 黄花茅属 huang hua mao shu Anthoxanthum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 28. 1753
Altervista Flora Italiana, genere Anthoxanthum
Hope, Tom, & Gray, Alan, Grasses of the British Isles: BSBI Handbook No. 13, Botanical Society of the British Isles, 2009, p 312. ISBN 978-0-901158-42-0.

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