Humulus lupulus (*)
Humulus lupulus L.
Ελληνικά: Αγκελόνια , Ζυθόχορτο, Χουμέλη
Humulus lupulus (Common hop) is a species of Humulus in the Cannabaceae family.
Common hop is a dioecious, perennial herbaceous climbing plant which sends up new shoots in early spring and dies back to the cold-hardy rhizome in autumn. It is native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere.
The flower cones of the plant, known as hops, are used in the production of beer to impart bitterness and flavor, and for their preservative qualities. The extract is antimicrobial, which makes it useful for making natural deodorant. Hops also contain the potent phytoestrogen, 8-prenylnaringenin that may have a relative binding affinity to estrogen receptors. Hop also contains myrcene, humulene, myrcenol, linalool, tannins, resin.
There are five varieties of this species (Humulus lupulus):
H. lupulus var. lupulus. – Europe, western Asia.
There are many cultivated varieties: see List of hop varieties
Pests and diseases
Hop leaf aphid (Phorodon humuli)
Downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora humuli)
Purdue University article
^ "Antimicrobial screening of essential oils and extracts of some Humulus lupulus L. cultivars.". Pharm Weekbl Sci. 1992 Dec 11;14(6):353-6.. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License