- Art Gallery -

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asparagaceae
Subfamilia: Scilloideae
Tribus: Hyacintheae
Subtribus: Hyacinthinae
Genus: Alrawia
Species: A. bellii – A. nutans
Name

Alrawia (Wendelbo) Perss. & Wendelbo, Bot. Not. 132: 201 (1979)

Type species: Alrawia nutans (Wendelbo) K. Perss. & Wendelbo Bot. Not. 132(2): 202. (1979)

Synonyms

Basionym
Hyacinthella sect. Alrawia Wendelbo

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Asia-Temperate
Western Asia
Iran, Iraq.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Persson, K. & Wendelbo, Per E.B. 1979. Botaniska Notiser 132(2): 201.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Alrawia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Mar. 7. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Alrawia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Mar. 7.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Alrawia. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 7 2014.

Alrawia is a genus of bulbous flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae (also treated as the family Hyacinthaceae).[2] It is native to north-eastern Iraq and Iran.[1]

Description

Species of Alrawia grow from bulbs covered with a tunic that is grayish outside and often violet inside. They produce a single flowering stem (scape); the inflorescence consists of a raceme. Individual flowers are borne on a short stalk (pedicel) which is turned downwards when the flowers first appear.[3] The tepals are violet with whitish lobe tips and are joined at the base for up to half their length.[4] The pedicels lengthen and turn upwards after flowers are fertilized; the black seeds are globular or ovate.[3]
Species

As of March 2013, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognized two species:[5]

Alrawia bellii (Baker) Perss. & Wendelbo

Flowers up to 1 cm (0.4 in) long; tube one quarter the length of the whole flower; western Iran.[4]

Alrawia nutans (Wendelbo) Perss. & Wendelbo

Flowers slightly longer, up to 1.3 cm (0.5 in) long; tube one half the length of the whole flower; north-east Iraq.[4]

Cultivation

Brian Mathew describes the species as "enthusiasts' plants", being "not very showy". They are said to be easy to cultivate in a bulb frame or alpine house but not to increase readily. As they occur naturally in regions with hot dry summers, the bulbs need to be dried out when dormant.[4]
References

"Alrawia", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-03-27
Stevens, P.F., "Asparagales: Scilloideae", Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2013-03-27
"Alrawia (Wendelbo) Perss. & Wendelbo", eMonocot, archived from the original on 2013-04-19, retrieved 2013-03-27
Mathew, Brian (1987), The Smaller Bulbs, London: B.T. Batsford, ISBN 978-0-7134-4922-8, pp. 4–5
Search for "Alrawia", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-03-27

Hyacinthella is a genus of bulbous flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae (formerly the family Hyacinthaceae).[2] It is native to eastern and south-eastern Europe through to northern Iran, reaching as far south as Palestine.[3] Turkey is the main country in which species are found.[4]

Description

Hyacinthella species grow from bulbs whose tunics often bear powdery white crystals. There are usually two or three basal leaves with prominent strands of fibre. The inflorescences consist of short spikes (racemes) of tubular flowers, each with six short lobes, in colours ranging from pale blue to deep violet.[4] Heights vary from about 5 cm (2 in) to 25 cm (10 in), depending on the species.[5] They grow in rocky habitats, such as hillsides, which are hot and dry in the summer.[4]
Species

As of July 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepted 17 species:[6]

Hyacinthella acutiloba K.Perss. & Wendelbo - Turkey
Hyacinthella atropatana (Grossh.) Mordak & Zakhar. - Transcaucasus
Hyacinthella campanulata K.Perss. & Wendelbo - Turkey
Hyacinthella dalmatica Chouard - Croatia
Hyacinthella glabrescens (Boiss.) K.Perss. & Wendelbo - Turkey
Hyacinthella heldreichii (Boiss.) Chouard - Turkey
Hyacinthella hispida (J.Gay) Chouard - Turkey
Hyacinthella lazulina K.Perss.& Jim.Perss. - Turkey
Hyacinthella leucophaea (K.Koch) Schur - Balkans, Russia, Ukraine
Hyacinthella lineata (Steud. ex Schult. & Schult.f.) Chouard - Turkey
Hyacinthella micrantha (Boiss.) Chouard - Turkey
Hyacinthella millingenii (Post) Feinbrun - Turkey, Cyprus
Hyacinthella nervosa (Bertol.) Chouard - Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel, Jordan
Hyacinthella pallasiana (Steven) Losinsk. - Russia, Ukraine
Hyacinthella persica (Boiss. & Buhse) Chouard - Iran
Hyacinthella siirtensis B.Mathew - Turkey
Hyacinthella venusta K.Perss. - Turkey Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hyacinthella.

Cultivation

Some species are in cultivation, where they require a dry summer rest and are not suitable for growing in the open garden in areas with cooler, wetter summers.[4]
References

Lectotype designated by: Speta, F. 1982. Über die Abgrenzung und Gliederung der Gattung Muscari, und über die Beziehungen zu anderen Vertretern der Hyacinthaceae. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 103: 267.
Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), "Asparagales: Scilloideae", Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2013-03-21
"Hyacinthella", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2013-03-20
Mathew, Brian (1987), The Smaller Bulbs, London: B.T. Batsford, ISBN 978-0-7134-4922-8, pp. 101–103
Beckett, K., ed. (1993), Encyclopaedia of Alpines : Volume 1 (A–K), Pershore, UK: AGS Publications, ISBN 978-0-900048-61-6, pp. 654–655
Search for "Hyacinthella", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2014-07-08

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World