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Hyacinthoides hispanica

Hyacinthoides hispanica (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Hyacinthaceae
Genus: Hyacinthoides
Species: Hyacinthoides hispanica


Name

Hyacinthoides hispanica (Mill.) Rothm.

References

* Feddes Repertorium Specierum Novarum Regni Vegetabilis. Berlin 53:14. 1944
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]


Vernacular names

The Spanish Bluebell (Hyacinthoides hispanica, syn. Endymion hispanicus or Scilla hispanica), is a spring-flowering bulbous perennial native to the Iberian Peninsula. It is one of three species in the genus Hyacinthoides, the others being the Common Bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta) in northwestern Europe, and the Italian Bluebell (Hyacinthoides italica) further east in the Mediterranean region.

It is distinguished from the Common Bluebell by its paler, larger blue flowers, more erect flower stem (raceme), broader leaves, blue anthers (where the Common Bluebell has creamy-white ones) and little or no scent compared to the strong fragrant scent of the northern species.

The Spanish Bluebell is introduced in the United Kingdom, where it has become an invasive species. The two species hybridise freely, and the resulting hybrid Hyacinthoides √ó massartiana and the Spanish Bluebell both produce highly fertile seed and can invade areas of the native Common Bluebell. This has caused the Common Bluebell to be viewed as a threatened species.

The Spanish Bluebell is also cultivated as a garden plant, and several named cultivars exist with flowers in various shades of white, pink and blue.

References

* The-Tree.org: Bluebell (includes key to identification of hybrids)
* Huxley, A. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening vol. 2: 604. Macmillan.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License