- Art Gallery -

Hymenocallis littoralis

Hymenocallis littoralis

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Alliaceae
Tribus: Hymenocallideae
Genus: Hymenocallis
Species: Hymenocallis littoralis

Name

Hymenocallis littoralis (Jacq.) Salisb.

Synonyms

Homotypic

* Pancratium littorale Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist.: 99 (1763). Basionym.
* Troxistemon littorale (Jacq.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 23 (1838).

Heterotypic

* Pancratium americanum Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 7 (1768).
* Pancratium distichum Sims, Bot. Mag. 44: t. 1879 (1817).
* Pancratium dryanderi Ker Gawl., J. Sci. Arts (London) 3: 326 (1817).
* Hymenocallis disticha (Sims) Herb., Appendix: 44 (1821).
* Hymenocallis pedalis Herb., Appendix: 44 (1821).
* Hymenocallis tenuiflora Herb., Appendix: 44 (1821).
* Hymenocallis littoralis var. disticha (Sims) Herb. ex Sims et Curtis, Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2621 (1826).
* Hymenocallis littoralis var. dryanderi (Ker Gawl.) Herb. ex Sims, Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2621 (1826).
* Hymenocallis littoralis var. longituba Herb., Bot. Mag. 53: t. 2621 (1826).
* Pancratium acutifolium Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 406 (1826).
* Hymenocallis staplesii Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 2: 513 (1830).
* Pancratium littorale var. dryanderi (Ker Gawl.) Schult. et Schult.f., Syst. Veg. 7: 919 (1830).
* Pancratium pedale (Herb.) Schult. et Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer et J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg. 7: 916 (1830).
* Hymenocallis adnata Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 215 (1837).
* Hymenocallis adnata var. disticha (Sims) Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 215 (1837).
* Hymenocallis adnata var. driandrina Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 215 (1837).
* Hymenocallis adnata var. staplesiana Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 215 (1837).
* Troxistemon distichus (Sims) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 123 (1838).
* Troxistemon dryanderi (Ker Gawl.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 123 (1838).
* Hymenocallis panamensis Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 27(Misc.): 67 (1841).
* Pancratium staplesii (Sweet) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 251 (1841).
* Pancratium tenuiflorum (Herb.) Herb. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 251 (1841).
* Hymenocallis americana (Mill.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 176 (1847).
* Hymenocallis arenaria M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 176 (1847).
* Hymenocallis dryanderi (Ker Gawl.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 175 (1847).
* Hymenocallis peruviana M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 176 (1847).
* Hymenocallis stapelsiana (Herb.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 175 (1847).
* Hymenocallis senegambica Kunth et C.D.Bouché, Index Seminum (B) 1848: 12 (1848).
* Hymenocallis adnata var. dryanderi (Ker Gawl.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 677 (1850).
* Hymenocallis insignis Kunth, Enum. Pl. 5: 675 (1850).
* Hymenocallis biflora K.Koch et C.D.Bouché, Wochenschr. Vereines Beförd. Gartenbaues Königl. Preuss. Staaten 9: 370 (1866).
* Hymenocallis niederleinii Pax, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 11: 326 (1890).
* Hymenocallis americana f. disticha (Sims) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1021 (1895).
* Hymenocallis americana f. dryanderi (Ker Gawl.) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1021 (1895).
* Hymenocallis americana f. staplesiana (Herb.) Voss, Vilm. Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1021 (1895).


References

* Tranactions, of the Horticultural Society of London 1:338. 1812
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. 19508
* Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: H. littoralis.

Hymenocallis littoralis or the Beach Spider Lily[s] is a plant species of the genus Hymenocallis, with large white flowers.

Hymenocallis littoralis is a bulbous perennial herb. It ranges in height from 60-70cm (36 inches). It requires sunlight to partial shade for proper growth and blooms from mid-summer to late autumn with white flowers. It may be grown aquatically.[1]

Hymenocallis littoralis is native to coastal regions of southern Mexico and Central America, and also two wild populations are reported to have been found along the west coast of Florida. The tepals are adnate (attached to) the staminal cup. Each flower's tube is 14 to 17 cm (5 to 7 inches) long or longer.

The plant bulb is 7-10 cm (3-4 inches) in diameter. With age, the bulb develops a neck that reaches 4-5 cm in diameter (up to 2 inches). The flowers are large, white, vanilla scented, and sessile.
Notes

[s] - The plant is also called a "beach spiderlily".

^ Garden Bulbs for the South, Scott Ogden, 2007, page 226, ISBN 0881928135, webpage: Books-Google-MC.

References

"The Amaryllis Family: Genus Hymenocallis", James E. Shields, October 2006, webpage: SGardens-Hymenocallis2.

"PLANTS Profile for Hymenocallis littoralis (beach spiderlily)", USDA, 2009, web: USDA-HL8.

"PlantFiles: Detailed information on Variegated Beach Spider Lily", January 2009, web: DGarden-791.

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License