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Hymenocallis speciosa

Hymenocallis speciosa, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Hymenocallideae
Genus: Hymenocallis
Species: Hymenocallis speciosa
Name

Hymenocallis speciosa (L.f. ex Salisb.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 340. 1812.
Synonyms

Basionym
Pancratium speciosum L.f. ex Salisb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 73. 1794.
Homotypic
Nemepiodon speciosum (L.f. ex Salisb.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 22. 1838.
Heterotypic
Hymenocallis speciosa var. angustifolia Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 209. 1837, [1].
Hymenocallis speciosa var. humilis Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 209. 1837, [2].
Hymenocallis speciosa var. longipetiolata Herb., Amaryllidaceae: 209. 1837, [3], as "longe petiolata".
Pancratium formosum M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 4: 167. 1847 [4], nom. inval.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Southern America
Regional: Caribbean
Bahamas; Cuba; Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References

Salisbury, R.A. (1812) Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 340.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Hymenocallis speciosa in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2015 May 20. Reference page.
Emonocot.org 2015. Hymenocallis speciosa in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published online. Accessed: 2015 May 20.
Tropicos.org 2015. Hymenocallis speciosa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 20 May 2015.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Hymenocallis speciosa. Published online. Accessed: 20. May 2015.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hymenocallis speciosa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
suomi: Tähtilukinlilja
中文: 螫蟹百合

Hymenocallis speciosa, the green-tinge spiderlily, is a species of the genus Hymenocallis that is native to the Windward Islands in the eastern Caribbean. It is cultivated as an ornamental in some areas, and reportedly naturalized in Cuba and the Bahamas.[2][3]

Hymenocallis speciosa is a bulb-forming perennial. Stipe can attain a height of up to 50 cm. Leaves are lanceolate, up to 50 cm long and 10 cm across, narrowing to a petiole below. One umbel can produce as many as 20 flowers. Flowers are white with a slight greenish tinge, the tepals reflexed (curling backwards) at flowering time.[4][5][6][7]
References

The Plant List Hymenocallis speciosa
"Hymenocallis speciosa". Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Hymenocallis speciosa
Hortipedia, Hymenocallis speciosa
Salisbury, Richard Anthony. 1812. Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London 1: 340, Hymenocallis speciosa
Salisbury, Richard Anthony. 1794. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 2: 73, t. 12. Pancratium speciosum
Rafinesque, Constantine Samuel. 1838. Flora Telluriana 4: 22, Nemepiodon speciosum

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