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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Aquifoliales

Familia: Aquifoliaceae
Genus: Ilex
Species: Ilex amelanchier

Ilex amelanchier M.A.Curtis ex Chapm., 1860
Native distribution areas:
Ilex amelanchier

Continental: Northern America
Regional:Southeastern USA
USA (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Chapman, A.W. 1860. Flora of the Southern United States; Containing Abridged Descriptions of the Flowering Plants and Ferns of Tennessee, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Florida: Arranged According to the Natural System. The ferns by D.C. Eaton. New York: Ivison, Phinney & co. BHL Reference page. : 270.


International Plant Names Index. 2018. Ilex amelanchier. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 26 2018.
Hassler, M. 2018. Ilex amelanchier. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 26. Reference page.
The Plant List 2013. Ilex amelanchier in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 26.
Tropicos.org 2018. Ilex amelanchier. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 26.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ilex amelanchier in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
English: Sarvis holly

Ilex amelanchier, the swamp holly or sarvis holly, is a rare[3] species of holly from the southeastern United States.[4] It is a close relative of mountain holly (Ilex mucronata) which used to be placed in a monotypic genus Nemopanthus. Ilex amelanchier grows near water, for example on streambanks.[3]

The dull red drupes appear in October to November, and may persist until the following spring.[3]

Its native range is limited to the Atlantic coastal plain and gulf coastal plain,[3] and extends as far south as Florida, as far west as Louisiana, and as far north as North Carolina.[4][5][6]

United States department of Agriculture, Wetland flora: Field office illustrated guide to plant species. USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Stritch, L. (2018). "Ilex amelanchier". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T122927373A122927584. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T122927373A122927584.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
Alan S. Weakley (April 2008). "Flora of the Carolinas, Virginia, and Georgia, and Surrounding Areas".
"Ilex amelanchier M.A. Curtis ex Chapm.: sarvis holly". USDA PLANTS.
United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile: Ilex amelanchier (Sarvis holly)
Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map

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Biology Encyclopedia

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