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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Colchicaceae
Tribus: Iphigenieae

Genus: Iphigenia
Species: I. boinensis – I. indica – I. magnifica – I. mysorensis – I. novae-zelandiae – I. oliveri – I. pallida – I. pauciflora – I. robusta – I. sahyadrica – I. socotrana – I. stellata

Iphigenia Kunth (1843); nom. cons.

Type species: Iphigenia indica (L.) A.Gray ex Kunth (1843)


Aphoma Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 31 (1837).
Notocles Salisb., Gen. Pl.: 54 (1866).
Hypoxidopsis Steud. ex Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 450 (1879).

Primary references

Kunth, C.S. (1843) Enumeratio Plantarum Omnium Hucusque Cognitarum 4: 212.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Iphigenia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 23. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Iphigenia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 23. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Iphigenia. Published online. Accessed: October 23 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Iphigenia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 October 23.

Vernacular names
中文: 山慈姑属

Iphigenia is a plant genus in the family Colchicaceae of the major group Angiosperms.[1] It was described by Kunth.[2] It consists of 11 species distributed from tropical Africa, over Madagascar and India to Australia.[3] As with other taxa in Colchicaceae Iphigenia contains phenethylisoquinoline alkaloids including colchicine.[4][5]

African species

Iphigenia oliveri Engl.
Iphigenia pauciflora Martelli

Arabian species

Iphigenia socotrana Thulin

Indian species

Iphigenia indica (L.) A.Gray ex Kunth - range extending to China, New Guinea + Australia
Iphigenia magnifica Ansari & R.S.Rao
Iphigenia mysorensis Arekal & S.N.Ramaswamy
Iphigenia pallida Baker
Iphigenia sahyadrica Ansari & R.S.Rao
Iphigenia stellata Blatt.

Madagascar species

Iphigenia boinensis H.Perrier
Iphigenia robusta Baker

New Zealand species

Iphigenia novae-zelandiae (Hook.f.) Baker


"Iphigenia". Retrieved 13 January 2014.
Kunth KS, Enumeratio Plantarum Omnium Hucusque Cognitarum, vol. 4, p. 212. 1843
Colchicaceae checklist, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew - available at http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
Vinnersten A & Larsson S, Colchicine is still a chemical marker for the expanded Colchicaceae. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 38: 1193, 2010.
Larsson S & Rønsted N, Reviewing Colchicaceae alkaloids - perspectives of evolution on medicinal chemistry. Curr. Topics Med. Chem. 14: 274, 2014

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