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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Phaseoleae
Subtribus: Kennediinae
Genus: Kennedia
Species: K. beckxiana – K. carinata – K. coccinea – K. glabrata – K. lateritia – K. microphylla – K. nigricans – K. parviflora – K. prorepens – K. prostrata – K. retrorsa – K. rubicunda – K. stirlingii
Source(s) of checklist:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Kennedia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 18. Reference page.

Name

Kennedia Vent. (1805), nom. cons.

Lectotype species: K. rubicunda (Schneev.) Vent.

Synonyms

Homotypic
Caulinia Moench, Meth. Suppl. 47. 1802, nom. illeg. non Willd. (1801).
Caulinia sect. Eucaulinia Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan. Prosp. (Kuntze & Post) 106. 1903, nom. inadmiss.
Kennedia sect. Eukennedia Taub., Nat. Pflanzenfam. (Engler & Prantl) TIII, Ab 3: 361. 1894, nom. inadmiss.
Kennedya DC., Prodr. (Candolle) 2: 383. 1825 [1], orth. var.

Heterotypic
Kennedia sect. Brevicarinae G.Don, Hort. Brit. (Loudon) 1: 314. 1830.
Type species: non design.
Kennedia sect. Dubiae G.Don, Hort. Brit. (Loudon) 1: 314. 1830, nom. illeg.
Type species: non design.
Kennedia sect. Longicarinae G.Don, Hort. Brit. (Loudon) 1: 314. 1830.
Type species: non design.
Kennedia sect. Simplicifoliae G.Don, Hort. Brit. (Loudon) 1: 314. 1830.
Type species: non design.
Physolobium Benth., Bot. Arch. Gartenbauges. Österr. Kaiserstaates (Hügel) 1: ad t. 2. 1837; Physalobium Steud., Nom. ed. 2. 2: 330. t. 2. 1841, orth. var.; Kennedia sect. Physolobium (Benth.) Baill., Hist. Pl. (Baillon) 2: 252. 1870, in adnot.; Caulinia sect. Physolobium (Benth.) Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan. Prosp. (Kuntze & Post) 106. 1903.
Type species: P. stirlingii (Lindl.) Benth.
Zichya Hügel ex Benth., Bot. Arch. (Hügel) 1: ad t. 1. 1837; Kennedia sect. Zichya (Hügel ex Benth.) Baill., Hist. Pl. (Baillon) 2: 252. 1870, in adnot.; Caulinia sect. Zichya (Hügel ex Benth.) Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan. Prosp. (Kuntze & Post) 106. 1903.
Type species: Z. molly Benth.
Amphodus Lindl., Bot. Reg., t. 1101 (1827)

Notes

The conservation of the name against Caulinia Moench is unnecessary, as Moench name is illegetime (Taxon 8: 297. 1959).
Sometimes misspelled as Kennedya.

References

Ventenat, É.P. 1804-1805. Jardin de la Malmaison. Tomw Second. 61-120 pl. Paris. BHL Reference page. : 2: 104, pl. 104

Additional references

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Kennedia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Kennedia. Published online. Accessed: May 18 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Kennedia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 18.
Hassler, M. 2021. Kennedia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 18. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Kennedia. Accessed: 18 May 2021.
I.C.B.N. 1988, No. 3868.

Vernacular names
русский: Кеннедия
svenska: Korallrankesläktet

Kennedia is a genus of 13 species of flowering plants in the in the pea family Fabaceae and is endemic to Australia. Plants in this genus are prostrate or climbing perennials with trifoliate leaves and large, showy, pea-like flowers. There are species in all Australian states.

Description

Plants in the genus Kennedia are prostrate or climbing perennials that usually have softly-hairy foliage and a stem that is woody at the base. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stems and are usually trifoliate with stipules at the base of the petiole and small stipellae at the base of the leaflets. The flowers are arranged in leaf axils, relatively large and showy, red, blue, violet or almost black with stipule-like bracts at the base but that sometimes fall of as the flowers open. The five sepals are joined to form a bell-shaped tube with five teeth about the same length as the tube, the upper two partly fused. The standard petal is more or less round, the wings are sickle-shaped and the keel curves inwards. Nine of the lower stamens are fused into an open sheath and the style is thread-like. The fruit is a flattened or cylindrical pod.[2][3][4][5]
Taxonomy

The genus Kennedia was first formally described in 1805 by Étienne Pierre Ventenat in his book, Jardin de la Malmaison.[6][7] The name Kennedia honours John Kennedy, a partner in the firm of nurserymen, Lee and Kennedy of Hammersmith, London.[8]
Species list

The following is a list of Kennedia speces accepted by the Australian Plant Census as of October 2021:[9]

Kennedia beckxiana F.Muell. – Cape Arid kennedia (W.A.)
Kennedia carinata (Benth.) Van Houtte (W.A.)
Kennedia coccinea (Curtis) Vent. – coral vine (W.A.)
Kennedia coccinea subsp. calcaria Lally
Kennedia coccinea (Curtis) Vent. subsp. coccinea
Kennedia coccinea subsp. esotera Lally
Kennedia glabrata Lindl. – Northcliffe kennedia (W.A.)
Kennedia lateritia F.Muell. (W.A., possibly naturalised in Vic.)
Kennedia microphylla Meisn. (W.A.)
Kennedia nigricans Lindl. – black coral pea (W.A., possibly naturalised in S.A. and Tas.)
Kennedia procurrens Benth. – purple running pea (Qld., N.S.W.)
Kennedia prorepens (F.Muell.) F.Muell. (W.A., N.T., S.A., Qld.)
Kennedia prostrata R.Br. – running postman (W.A., S.A., N.S.W., Vic., Tas.)
Kennedia retrorsa Hemsl. (N.S.W.)
Kennedia rubicunda (Schneev.) Vent. – dusky coral pea (Qld., N.S.W., Vic.)
Kennedia stirlingii R.Br. – bushy kennedia (W.A.)

Use in horticulture
Kennedia prostrata at Geelong Botanic Gardens

Kennedias are frost-tolerant with a preference for light, well-drained soil in full sun. Once established they will spread into shaded areas. Western Australian species are heat-tolerant and make good covers for sheds, fences and walls with support. Many kennedias are vigorous climbers; K. rubicunda (commonly used in revegetation projects around Sydney, where it is indigenous) and K. nigricans can cover up to five metres of wall from tube in nine months. The most popular species in cultivation, K. prostrata, is a much less vigorous groundcover plant.

They are propagated from seed during spring; in the warmer summer months they are easily propagated from cuttings. This robust genus can be heavily cut back after flowering to prevent invasive growth.
References

"Kennedia". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
Jeanes, Jeff A. "Kennedia". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
"Kennedia". Royal Botanic Garden Sydney. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
"Kennedia". State Herbarium of South Australia. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
"Kennedia". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
"Kennedia". APNI. Retrieved 7 October 2021.
Ventenat, Étienne P. (1805). Jardin de la Malmaison. 2. Paris. p. 104. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
Sharr, Francis Aubi; George, Alex (2019). Western Australian Plant Names and Their Meanings (3rd ed.). Kardinya, WA: Four Gables Press. p. 90. ISBN 9780958034180.

"Kennedia". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 7 October 2021.

Further reading
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kennedia rubicunda.

Bryant, G. The Random House Encyclopedia of Australian Native Plants: Choosing, Cultivating and Using Them. Random House. 2005. pg. 246-47. ISBN 1-74166-030-0

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