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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Aveneae
Subtribus: Aveninae
Genus: Koeleria
Species: K. altaica – K. antarctica – K. arduana – K. argentea – K. asiatica – K. askoldensis – K. barbinodis – K. besseri – K. biebersteinii – K. boliviensis – K. brevis – K. calderonii – K. capensis – K. carolii – K. caudata – K. cenisia – K. cheesemanii – K. crassipes – K. delavignei – K. dersu – K. drucei – K. embergeri – K. eriostachya – K. fueguina – K. glauca – K. gubanovii – K. hirsuta – K. inaequaliglumis – K. inaequalis – K. insubrica – K. johnstonii – K. karavajevii – K. kurtzii – K. loweana – K. lucana – K. luerssenii – K. macrantha – K. mendocinensis – K. nitidula – K. novozelandica – K. permollis – K. praeandina – K. pyramidata – K. rhodopea – K. riguorum – K. rodriguez-graciae – K. skrjabinii – K. splendens – K. thonii – K. tristis – K. tzvelevii – K. vallesiana – K. ventanicola – K. vurilochensis
Nothospecies: K. × hungarica – K. × mixta
Name

Koeleria Pers., Syn. Pl. 1: 97 (1805) emend. Barberá et al. (2019)

Type species: Koeleria pyramidata (Lam.) P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 166. (1812)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Collinaria Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 4: 147 (1789)
Airochloa Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 126 (1827)
Brachystylus Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 85 (1867)
Achaeta E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 2: 109 (1886)
Leptophyllochloa Calderón ex Nicora, Fl. Patagonica 3: 69 (1978)

References

Persoon, C.H. 1805. Synopsis plantarum, seu enchiridium botanicum, complectens enumerationem systematicam specierum hucusque cognitarum. Pars prima. XII+546 pp. Apud Carol. Frid. Cramerum, Parisiis Lutetiorum [Paris]; Apud J.G. Cottam, Tubingae [Tübingen]. BHL Biblioteca Digital Reference page. : 97.
Barbera, P., Quintanar, A., Peterson, P.M., Soreng, R.J. & Romaschenko, K. 2019. New combinations, new names, typifications, and a new section, sect. Hispanica in Koeleria (Poeae, Poaceae). Phytoneuron. 46:1–13. Smithsonian Research Online Open access Reference page.
Barberá, P., Soreng, R.J., Peterson, P.M., Romaschenko, K., Quintanar, A. & Aedo, C. 2020. Molecular phylogenetic analysis resolves Trisetum (Poaceae: Pooideae: Koeleriinae) polyphyletic: Evidence for a new genus, Sibirotrisetum and resurrection of Acrospelion. Journal of Systematics and Evolution 58(4): 517-526. DOI: 10.1111/jse.12523 Open access Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Koeleria in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug. 11. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Koeleria. Published online. Accessed: 11 Aug. 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Koeleria. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Aug. 11.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Танканог
English: Junegrass
suomi: Topot
հայերեն: Բարակոտնուկ, կելերիա
русский: Тонконог, Келерия

Koeleria is a common and widespread genus of plants in the grass family, found on all continents except Antarctica and on various oceanic islands. It includes species known generally as Junegrasses.[6][7][8][9][10][11]

The genus was named after German botanist Georg Ludwig Koeler (1765–1807).[12]

Species[5][13]

Koeleria altaica – Siberia, China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia
Koeleria argentea – China, Mongolia, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Himalayas
Koeleria asiatica – Russia, China incl Tibet, Mongolia, Alaska, Yukon, Northwest Territories
Koeleria askoldensis – Primorye region of Russia incl Askold Island
Koeleria besseri – Europe from Czechia to central European Russia
Koeleria biebersteinii – Crimea
Koeleria boliviensis – Bolivia
Koeleria brevis – Ukraine, Russia, Caucasus, Turkey
Koeleria calderonii – Argentina (Mendoza)
Koeleria capensis – Yemen, Africa from Ethiopia + Cameroon to Cape Province
Koeleria carolii – Morocco
Koeleria caudata – Spain, Portugal, Morocco, Algeria
Koeleria cenisia – western Alps (France, Italy, Switzerland)
Koeleria cheesemanii – New Zealand
Koeleria crassipes – Spain, Portugal
Koeleria delavignei – Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan
Koeleria embergeri – Morocco
Koeleria eriostachya – Eurasia from Switzerland to Kazakhstan
Koeleria fueguina – Chile, Argentina
Koeleria glauca – Eurasia from France to Mongolia
Koeleria gubanovii – Amur Oblast in Russia
Koeleria hirsuta – central Alps (Italy, Switzerland, Austria)
Koeleria × hungarica – Czechia, Romania, Bulgaria
Koeleria inaequaliglumis – Argentina (Mendoza)
Koeleria insubrica – Italy, Croatia
Koeleria karavajevii – Yakutia
Koeleria kurtzii – Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru
Koeleria loweana – Madeira
Koeleria lucana – Basilicata region of Italy
Koeleria luerssenii – Caucasus
Koeleria macrantha – Eurasia, North America
Koeleria mendocinensis – Argentina
Koeleria micrathera – Argentina, Chile incl Juan Fernández Is
Koeleria × mixta – Great Britain
Koeleria nitidula – Balkans, Turkey, Syria, Iran, Caucasus, Afghanistan
Koeleria novozelandica – New Zealand
Koeleria permollis – Falkland Is, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Bolivia, Peru
Koeleria praeandina – Argentina (Mendoza)
Koeleria pyramidata – Eurasia from France + Denmark to Nepal + Yakutia
Koeleria rhodopea – Bulgaria
Koeleria riguorum – New Zealand South I
Koeleria skrjabinii – Yakutia
Koeleria splendens – Mediterranean from Spain + Morocco to Turkey
Koeleria thonii – Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk
Koeleria tzvelevii – Zabaykalsky Krai
Koeleria vallesiana – Europe, North Africa
Koeleria ventanicola – Argentina (Buenos Aires)
Koeleria vurilochensis – Argentina (Chubut, Neuquén, Río Negro, Santa Cruz)

Formerly included[5]

hundreds of species once included in Koeleria but now considered better suited to other genera including Aeluropus, Agrostis, Colpodium, Dactylis, Erioneuron, Festuca, Graphephorum, Rostraria, Schismus, Sesleria, Trisetaria and Trisetum.
References

Persoon, Christiaan Hendrik 1805. Synopsis Plantarum 1: 97
lectotype designated by Nash in Britton & Brown Ill. Fl. N. U. S. 1: 245 (1913)
Tropicos, Koeleria Pers.
1885 illustration from Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé (author), Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, Germany
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
United States Department of Agriculture Plants Profile: genus Koeleria
Ada Hayden Herbarium, Iowa State University, junegrass (prairie junegrass, crested hairgrass, Koeler's grass) Koeleria macrantha (Ledeb.) Schult.
Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 330 草属 qia cao shu Koeleria Persoon, Syn. Pl. 1: 97. 1805.
Flora Italiana, genere Koeleria
Edgar, E. & E. S. Gibb. 1999. Koeleria Pers. (Gramineae: Aveneae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Botany 37: 51–61.
Quintanar, A. & S. Castroviejo Bolíbar. 2013 [2014]. Taxonomic revision of Koeleria (Poaceae) in the Western Mediterranean Basin and Macaronesia. Systematic Botany 38(4): 1029–1061, figures 1–13
Helmut Genaust (2005). Etymologisches Wörterbuch der botanischen Pflanzennamen (3rd ed.). Hamburg: Nikol. ISBN 978-3-937872-16-2.
Plant List search for Koeleria

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