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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Epidendreae
Subtribus: Laeliinae
Overview of genera

Acrorchis – Adamantinia – Alamania – Amoana – Arpophyllum – Artorima – Barkeria – Brassavola – Broughtonia – Cattleya – Caularthron – Constantia – Dimerandra – Dinema – Domingoa – Encyclia – Epidendrum – Guarianthe – Hagsatera – Homalopetalum – Isabelia – Jacquiniella – Laelia – Leptotes – Loefgrenianthus – Meiracyllium – Microepidendrum – Myrmecophila – Nidema – Oestlundia – Orleanesia – Prosthechea – Pseudolaelia – Psychilis – Pygmaeorchis – Quisqueya – Rhyncholaelia – Scaphyglottis – Tetramicra

Nothogenera: (5)
× Brassocattleya – × Catyclia – × Laeliocattleya – × Myrmecolaelia – × Psytonia
Name

Laeliinae Benth., J. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 18: 287, (1881)

Typus: Laelia Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orch. Pl., 96, 115 (1831) nom. cons.. non Adans., 1763.

Synonymy

Stenoglossinae Benth., J. Linn. Soc. Bot., 18, 287, (1881)
Cattleyinae Pfitzer, Entwurf. Anord. Orch., 101 (1887)
Meiracyliinae Dressler, Phytologia, 21, 443 (1971)
Arpophyllinae Dressler, Lindleyana, 5, 124 (1990)
Epidendrinae Szlach., Folia, Geobot. Phytotax., 26 (3), 320 (1991)

References
Primary references

Bentham, G. (1881) Proceedings of the Journal of the Linnean Society London, Botany 18(110): 287.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2006. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 4 Epidendroideae (Part one); page 181 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850712-7. Reference page.

Additional references

Pridgeon, A.M. , Cribb, P., Chase, M.W., and Rasmussen, F.N. (Eds) (2005) Genera Orchidacearum Volume 4: Epidendroideae (Part 1): Epidendroideae: 181 ff. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
van den Berg, C., Higgins, W.E., Dressler, R.L., Whitten, M.W., Miguel A. Soto-Arenas, M.A. & Chase, M.W. (2009) A phylogenetic study of Laeliinae (Orchidaceae) based on combined nuclear and plastid DNA sequences, Annals of Botany 104: 417–430. Available online. Accessed 27 Feb. 2013.

Links

Emonocot.org 2013. Laeliinae in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 May 20.
Tropicos.org 2012. Laeliinae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 June 15.

Vernacular names

Laeliinae is a Neotropical subtribe including 40 orchid genera, such as Brassavola, Laelia and Cattleya. The genus Epidendrum is the largest within this subtribe, containing about 1500 species. This is followed by the genus Encyclia, with over 120 species.
List of genera

Genera and number of species:

Acrorchis Dressler, 1
Adamantinia Van den Berg & M.W.Chase, 1
Alamania La Llave & Lex., 1
Arpophyllum La Llave & Lex, 5
Artorima Dressler & G.E.Pollard, 1
Barkeria Knowles & Westc., 17
Syn. Dothilophis Raf.
Brassavola R.Br., 17
Broughtonia R.Br., 6
Syn. Cattleyopsis Lem., Laeliopsis Lindl.
Cattleya Lindl., 118
Syn. Maelenia Dum., Sophronitis Lindl., Sophronia Lindl., Lophoglottis Raf., Hoffmannseggella H.G.Jones, Hadrolaelia (Schltr.) Chiron & V.P.Castro, Dungsia Chiron & V.P.Castro, Microlaelia (Schltr.) Chiron & V.P.Castro, Chironiella Braem, Brasilaelia Campacci, Cattleyella Van den Berg & M.W.Chase, Schluckebieria Braem
Caularthron Raf., 3
Syn. Diacrium (Lindl.)Benth., Dothilophis Raf.
Constantia Barb.Rodr., 5
Dimerandra Schltr., 1
Dinema Lindl., 1
Domingoa Schltr., 5
Syn. Hartwegia Lindl., Nageliella L.O.Williams
Encyclia Hook., 120
Epidendrum L., 1500
Syn. Amblostoma Scheidw., Amblystoma Kuntze, Amphiglottis Salisb., Amphiglottium (Salisb.) Lindl. ex Stein, Auliza Salisb., Auliza Salisb. ex Small, Aulizeum Lindl. ex Stein, Coilostylis Raf., Didothion Raf., Diothonea Lindl., Epidanthus L.O.Williams, Epidendropsis Garay & Dunst., Gastropodium Lindl., Hemiscleria Lindl., Kalopternix Garay & Dunst., Lanium (Lindl.) Benth., Larnandra Raf., Minicolumna Brieger, Nanodes Lindl., Neohlemannia Kraenzl., Neowilliamsia Garay, Nyctosma Raf., Oerstedella Rchb.f., Physinga Lindl., Pleuranthium (Rchb.f.) Benth., Pseudepidendrum Rchb.f., Psilanthemum Klotszch ex Stein, Seraphyta Fisch. & C.A.Mey., Spathiger Small, Spathium Lindl. ex Stein, Stenoglossum Kunth, Tritelandra Raf.
Guarianthe Dressler & W.E.Higgins, 4
Hagsatera R.González, 2
Homalopetalum Rolfe, 7
Syn. Pinelia Lindl., Pinelianthe Rauschert
Isabelia Barb.Rodr., 3
Syn. Neolauchea Kraenzl., Sophronitella Schltr.
Jacquiniella Schltr., 11
Syn. Dressleriella Brieger, Briegeria Senghas
Laelia Lindl., 25
Syn. Amalia Lindl., Amalias Hofmsgg., Schomburgkia Lindl.
Leptotes Lindl., 5
Loefgrenianthus Hoehne, 1
Meiracyllium Rchb.f., 2
Microepidendrum Brieger ex W.E.Higgins, 1
Myrmecophila Rolfe, 10
Nidema Britton & Millsp., 2
Oestlundia W.E.Higgins, 4
Orleanesia Barb.Rodr., 11
Prosthechea Knowles & Westc., 100
Syn. Epithecium Knowles & Westc., Hormidium Heynh., Anacheilium Hoffmgg., Euchile (Dressler & G.E.Pollard) Withner, Pseudencyclia Chiron & V.P.Castro., Panarica Withner & P.A.Harding, Pollardia Withner & P.A.Harding
Pseudolaelia Porto & Brade, 10
Syn. Renata Ruschi
Psychilis Raf., 15
Pygmaeorchis Brade, 2
Quisqueya Dod, 4
Rhyncholaelia Schltr, 2
Scaphyglottis Poepp. & Endl., 60
Syn. Hexisea Lindl., Cladobium Lindl., Hexadesmia Brongn., Tetragamestus Rchb.f., Reichenbachanthus Barb.Rodr., Fractiungis Schltr., Leaoa Schltr. & Porto, Pachystele Schltr., Costaricaea Schltr., Ramonia Schltr., Platyglottis L.O.Williams
Tetramicra Lindl., 13

Nothogenera

Brassocattleya
Brassoepidendrum
Brassolaeliocattleya
Cattleytonia
Cattlianthe
Epicattleya
Epilaeliocattleya
Hawkinsara
Laeliocatarthron
Laeliocatonia
Laeliocattleya
Otaara
Potinara
Rhyncholaeliocattleya
Schombocattleya
Sophrocattleya
Sophrolaelia
Sophrolaeliocattleya

References

van den Berg, C., W. E. Higgins, R. L. Dressler, W. M. Whitten, M. A. Soto Arenas, A. Culham and M. W. Chase. 2000. A Phylogenetic Analysis of Laeliinae (Orchidaceae) Based on Sequence Data from Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA. Lindleyana 15(2): 96–114.
van den Berg, C. et al. 2005. Subtribe Laeliinae. pp. 181–316 In Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W., Rasmussen, F.N. Genera Orchidacearum Vol. IV. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
van den Berg C, Chase M.W. 2005 Nomenclatural notes on Laeliinae (Orchidaceae) - IV. New combinations in Laelia and Sophronitis. Kew Bull. 59. (4): 565-567 (2004 publ. 2005)
van den Berg, C. 2014. Reaching a compromise between conflicting nuclear and plastid phylogenetic trees: a new classification for the genus Cattleya (Epidendreae; Epidendroideae; Orchidaceae). Phytotaxa 186 (2): 075–086.

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