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Lantana montevidensis

Lantana montevidensis (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Verbenaceae
Tribus: Lantaneae
Genus: Lantana
Species: Lantana montevidensis
Name

Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Briq.
References

Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 7-8:301. 1904

Vernacular names
English: Trailing lantana, Weeping lantana

Lantana montevidensis is a species of lantana known by many common names, such as: trailing lantana, weeping lantana, creeping lantana, small lantana, purple lantana or trailing shrubverbena.

This lantana is native to South America.

Description

Lantana montevidensis is a small strongly scented flowering low shrub with oval-shaped green leaves. With support it has a climbing 'vine' form, when on edge a trailing form, and on the flat a groundcover form.

The inflorescence is a circular head of several purple to lavender to white funnel-shaped flowers with lobed corollas each nearly a centimeter wide. Yellow-flowered montevidensis are a case of misidentification and most often relate to the "New Gold" lantana Lantana × hybrida, a hybrid between camara and montevidensis. Occasionally these yellow-flowered plants are misidentified Lantana depressa var. depressa, a Florida endemic taxon more closely related to Lantana camara with smaller, less robust flowers.[1]

The fruit consists of a pair of nutlets surrounded by flesh somewhat like a berry.
Blossoms and foliage.
Trailing down a wall.
Cultivation

Lantana montevidensis is also cultivated as an ornamental plant for its plentiful colorful lavender to purple flowers and as a drought tolerant groundcover, woody vine, and trailing plant for containers and in the ground.

In temperate climates there are flowers most of the year, with yellow blooming and variegated leaved cultivars also available.
Invasive species

The plant is present nearly worldwide as an introduced species of garden and landscape plant, and in some areas, such as parts of Australia and Hawaii, now a noxious weed and invasive species. This plant is toxic to livestock.
Etymology

The name Lantana derives from the Latin name of the wayfaring tree Viburnum lantana, the flowers of which closely resemble Lantana.[2]
References

Sanders, R.W. (2012). "Taxonomy of Lantana sect Lantana (Verbenaceae". Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas. 6 (2): 403–442.
Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521866453 (hardback), ISBN 9780521685535 (paperback). pp 230

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