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Lavandula latifolia DehesaBoyalPuertollano

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Ocimeae
Subtribus: Lavandulinae
Genus: Lavandula
Subgenus: L. subg. Lavandula
Section: L. sect. Lavandula
Species: Lavandula latifolia
Name

Lavandula latifolia Medik., 1784
Hybrids

Lavandula × allardii Hy

Synonyms

Homotypic
Lavandula spica var. vulgaris Ging., Hist. Nat. Lavand.: 154 (1826), nom. inval.
Lavandula latifolia var. vulgaris Briq., Lab. Alp. Mar.: 472 (1895), nom. inval.
Heterotypic
Lavandula spica var. latifolia L., Sp. Pl.: 572 (1753).
Lavandula major Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 330 (1764), opus utiq. oppr.
Lavandula angustifolia Moench, Methodus: 389 (1794), nom. illeg.
Lavandula spica Cav., Descr. Pl.: 69 (1801), nom. illeg.
Lavandula spica var. ramosa DC. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck & A.P.de Candolle, Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 6: 379 (1815).
Lavandula ovata Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 17 (1841).
Lavandula erigens Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 2: 88 (1868).
Lavandula inclinans Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 2: 88 (1868).
Lavandula interrupta Jord. & Fourr., Brev. Pl. Nov. 2: 89 (1868).
Lavandula cladophora Gand., Dec. Pl. Nov. 1: 38 (1875).
Lavandula decipiens Gand., Dec. Pl. Nov. 1: 38 (1875).
Lavandula guinardii Gand., Dec. Pl. Nov. 1: 38 (1875).
Lavandula latifolia var. erigens (Jord. & Fourr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 572 (1881).
Lavandula spica subsp. latifolia Bonnier & Layens, Tabl. Syn. Pl. Vasc. France: 247 (1894).
Lavandula hybrida E.Rev. ex Briq., Lab. Alp. Mar.: 469 (1895), nom. illeg.
Lavandula latifolia var. tomentosa Briq., Lab. Alp. Mar.: 472 (1895).
Lavandula latifolia var. erigens (Jord. & Fourr.) Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 11: 257 (1909).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Southwestern Europe
Baleares, France, Spain
Regional: Souteaestern Europe
Italy
Introduced into:
Portugal, Sicilia, Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Medikus, F.K.: 1784. Botanische Beobachtungen, 135.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Lavandula latifolia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 21. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Lavandula latifolia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 21. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2022. Lavandula latifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 21 May 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Lavandula latifolia. Published online. Accessed: May 21 2022.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Lavandula latifolia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 2022 May 21.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Breitblättriger Lavendel
English: Spike lavender
español: Esplíego
suomi: Leveälehtilaventeli
français: Aspic, grande lavande, lavande mâle, spic
italiano: Lavande latifoglia, spigo, spigone
русский: лаванда аспик
svenska: Bredbladig lavendel
Türkçe: Portekiz Lavantası

Lavandula latifolia, known as broadleaved lavender,[2] spike lavender, aspic lavender or Portuguese lavender, is a flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, native to the western Mediterranean region, from central Portugal to northern Italy (Liguria) through Spain and southern France. Hybridization can occur in the wild with English lavender (Lavandula angustifolia).

The scent of Lavandula latifolia is stronger, with more camphor, and more pungent than Lavandula angustifolia scent. For this reason the two varieties are grown in separate fields.
Contents

1 Description
2 Etymology
3 Chemical composition
4 Uses
5 References
6 Bibliography
7 External links

Description

Lavandula latifolia is a strongly aromatic shrub growing to 30–80 cm tall. The leaves are evergreen, 3–6 cm long and 5–8 mm broad.

The flowers are pale lilac, produced on spikes 2–5 cm long at the top of slender, leafless stems 20–50 cm long. Flowers from June to September depending on weather.

The fruit is a nut, indehiscent, monosperm of hardened pericarp. It consists of 4 small nuts which often remain locked inside the calyx tube. Grows from 0 to 1,700 m amsl.[3]
Etymology

The species name latifolia is Latin for "broadleaf". The genus name Lavandula simply means lavender.
Chemical composition

Camphor (10.8–23.2%) [4]
Eucalyptol (28.0–34.9%) [4]
Borneol (0.9–3.6%) [4]
α-Pinene(? %)
β-Pinene(0.8–2.6%)[4]
Caryophyllene (0.5–1.9%) [4]
Camphene(0.4–0.6%) [4]
Guaiazulene (? %)
Linalool (27.2–43.1%) [4]
Geraniol (? %)
Limonene (0.2–0.9%) [4]

Uses

Lavandula latifolia can be used in aromatherapy.[5]
References

"Sinonimia en Tela Botánica". Archived from the original on 2011-07-19. Retrieved 2011-01-17.
USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Lavandula latifolia". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 23 January 2016.
Bolòs and Vigo Flora dels Països Catalans Barcelona 1990
Salido et al. 2004, pp. 206–210.

"Lavandula latifolia Spike Lavender, Broadleaved lavender PFAF Plant Database". pfaf.org. Retrieved 2020-10-06.

Bibliography

Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J. Herbal Medicine, Expanded Commission E Monographs. Integrative Medicine Communications, Newton. First Edition, 2000.
Grases F, Melero G, Costa-Bauza A et al. Urolithiasis and phytotherapy. Int Urol Nephrol 1994; 26(5): 507–11.
Paris RR, Moyse H. Matière Médicale. Masson & Cia., Paris; 1971. Tome .
PDR for Herbal Medicines. Medical Economics Company, Montvale. Second Edition, 2000.

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