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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Lecythidaceae
Subfamiliae: FoetidioideaeLecythidoideaeNapoleonaeoideaeBarringtonioideaeScytopetaloideae

Genera: AllantomaAsteranthosBarringtoniaBertholletiaBrazzeiaCareyaCarinianaChydenanthusCorythophoraCouratariCouroupitaCrateranthusEschweileraFoetidiaGriasGustaviaLecythisNapoleonaeaOubanguiaPetersianthusPierrinaPlanchoniaRhaptopetalumScytopetalum

Name

Lecythidaceae A. Rich., Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. (Bory) 9: 269. (1825) nom. cons.

Type genus: Lecythis Loefl. Iter Hispan. 176–189. (1758)

Synonyms

Asteranthaceae R.Knuth, Pflanzenr. (Engler) 4, 219b (Heft 105): 1. 1939, nom. cons.
Barringtoniaceae F.Rudolphi, Syst. Orb. Veg.: 56. 1830 (Barringtonieae), nom. cons.
Foetidiaceae Airy Shaw, Kew Bull. 18: 258. 1964.
Gustaviaceae Burnett, Outl. Bot.: 717, 1092, 1135. 1835.
Napoleonaeaceae A. Rich. in Bory, Dict. Class. Hist. Nat. 11: 432. 10 Feb 1827 (Napoleoneae).
Rhaptopetalaceae Tiegh. ex Soler., Syst. Anat. Dicot. Ergänz: 53. 1908.
Scytopetalaceae Engl., Nat. Pflanzenfam. Nachtr. (Engler & Prantl): 242. 1897, nom. cons.

References

Richard, A. 1758. Dictionnaire classique d'histoire naturelle 9: 259. BHL
Govaerts, R. et al. 2016. Lecythidaceae in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 Mar. 28. Reference page.
Doweld, A.B. 2015. (2390) Proposal to change the author, place, and date of publication of Lecythidaceae, nom. cons. with a comment on Proposal 2363. Taxon 64(5): 1061–1062. DOI: 10.12705/645.26 Reference page.
Huang, Y.-Y., Mori, S.A. & Kelly, L.M. 2015. Towards a phylogenetic-based generic classification of neotropical Lecythidaceae- I. Status of Bertholettia, Corythophora, Eschweilera and Lecythis. Phytotaxa 203: 85–121. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.203.2.1 Full text PDF Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Lecythidaceae. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 28 2016.
Mori, S.A., Smith, N.P., Huang, Y.-Y., Prance, G.T., Kelley, L.M., & Matos, C.C. 2015. Towards a phylogenetic-based generic classification of neotropical Lecythidaceae - II. Status of Allantoma, Cariniana, Couratari, Coroupita, Grias and Guastavia. Phytotaxa 203: 122–137. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.203.2.2 Full text PDF Reference page.
Prance, G.T. & Jongkind, C.C. 2015. A revision of African Lecythidaceae. Kew Bulletin 70(1): 1-68. DOI: 10.1007/s12225-014-9547-4 Reference page.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Lecythidaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Dec. 8.
Zappi, D. 2009. Neotropical Lecythidaceae. In: Milliken, W., Klitgård, B. & Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.

Vernacular names
English: Brazil Nut Family
suomi: Huppukukkakasvit
日本語: サガリバナ科
中文: 玉蕊科

The Lecythidaceae /ˌlɛsɪθɪˈdeɪʃiː/ comprise a family of about 20 genera and 250–300 species of woody plants native to tropical South America, Africa (including Madagascar), Asia and Australia.

The most important member of the family in world trade is the Brazil nut (Bertholletia excelsa), valued for its edible nuts; the paradise nut (Lecythis species) is also eaten.

Taxonomy

According to the most recent molecular analysis of Lecythidaceae by Mori et al. (2007),[2] the three subfamilies are:

Foetidioideae (Foetidiaceae) from Madagascar include only Foetidia.
Planchonioideae (including Barringtonia) are restricted to the Old World tropics.
Lecythidoideae (Lecythidaceae) are restricted to the New World tropics.

Two other families are sometimes included in Lecythidaceae; the Scytopetalaceae and Napoleonaeaceae are hypothesized as most closely related to Lecythidaceae.

The APG II system of 2003 includes genera from the family Scytopetalaceae in the Lecythidaceae, including Rhaptopetalum and Brazzeia.
Genera

The family Lecythidaceae includes the following genera:

Abdulmajidia Whitmore, also as Barringtoniaceae sensu Takhtajan 1997 [3]
Allantoma Miers
Asteranthos Desf., also as Asteranthaceae[3]
Barringtonia J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., also as Barringtoniaceae [3]
Bertholletia Bonpl.
Brazzeia Verc.
Careya Roxb., also as Barringtoniaceae [3]
Cariniana Casar.
Chydenanthus Miers, also as Barringtoniaceae [3]
Corythophora R.Knuth
Couratari Aubl.
Couroupita Aubl.
Crateranthus Baker f., incertae sedis according to Takhtajan, perhaps Napoleonaeaceae[3]
Eschweilera Mart. ex DC.
Foetidia Comm. ex Lam., also as Foetidiaceae [3]
Grias L.
Gustavia L.
Lecythis Loefl.
Napoleonaea P.Beauv., also as Napoleonaeaceae[3]
Petersianthus Merr., also as Barringtoniaceae [3]
Pierrina Engl.
Planchonia Blume, also as Barringtoniaceae [3]
Rhaptopetalum Oliv.
Scytopetalum Engl.

References

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.
Mori, S. A.; Tsou, C. -H.; Wu, C. -C.; Cronholm, B.; Anderberg, A. A. (2007). "Evolution of Lecythidaceae with an emphasis on the circumscription of neotropical genera: Information from combined ndhF and trnL-F sequence data". American Journal of Botany. 94 (3): 289–301. doi:10.3732/ajb.94.3.289. PMID 21636402.
Takhtajan, A. (1997). Diversity and classification of flowering plants. ISBN 0-231-10098-1.

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