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Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Lamioideae
Genus: Leonotis
Species: L. leonurus - L. nepetifolia - L. ocymifolia


Leonotis (Pers.) R.Br.

Vernacular names

Leonotis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. [1] It comprises 9 species. One of these, Leonotis nepetifolia, is native to tropical Africa and southern India. It is naturalized throughout most of the tropics. The other 8 species are endemic to southern Africa. [2]

Leonotis was named by Robert Brown in 1810 in Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen. [3] The name means "lion's ear".

The type for the genus is the specimen of Leonotis ocymifolia that was originally described as Leonotis leonitis. [4] It is a specimen of Leonotis ocymifolia var. ocymifolia.[2]


Below is a list of names published in Leonotis. Most of them are obsolete, illegitimate, or synonymous with other names. The species recognized by Iwarsson and Harvey are marked with a number sign.

Leonotis africana
Leonotis bachmannii
Leonotis bequaerti
Leonotis brevipes
Leonotis capensis
Leonotis cardiaca
Leonotis caribea
# Leonotis decadonta Gürke
Leonotis dinteri
Leonotis dubia
Leonotis dysophylla
Leonotis elliotii
Leonotis engleri
Leonotis galpini
# Leonotis goetzei Gürke
# Leonotis grandis Iwarsson & Y.B. Harvey
Leonotis hereroensis
Leonotis hirtiflora
Leonotis intermedia
Leonotis kagerensis
Leonotis kwebensis
Leonotis latifolia
Leonotis laxifolia
# Leonotis leonurus (L.) Robert Brown
Leonotis longidens
Leonotis melleri
Leonotis menthifolia
Leonotis microphylla
Leonotis mollis
# Leonotis myricifolia Iwarsson & Y.B. Harvey
# Leonotis myrothamnifolia Iwarsson & Y.B. Harvey
# Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) Robert Brown
Leonotis newtoni
# Leonotis ocymifolia (Burman f.) Iwarsson
Leonotis ovata
Leonotis pallida
Leonotis parvifolia
# Leonotis pole-evansii John Hutchinson
Leonotis raineriana
Leonotis randii
Leonotis rugosa
Leonotis spectabilis
Leonotis tuberosa
Leonotis urticifolia
Leonotis velutina
Leonotis westae


Leonotis is a member of the subfamily Lamioideae. [1] Leonotis might be paraphyletic or even polyphyletic because Leonotis leonurus is not closely related to the other species. [5] In 2009, it was shown that Leonotis and 3 other genera are embedded in Leucas, [5] a genus of about 100 species. [1] If the 4 embedded genera were merged with Leucas, the expanded Leucas would have about 132 species.

^ a b c Raymond M. Harley, Sandy Atkins, Andrey L. Budantsev, Philip D. Cantino, Barry J. Conn, Renée J. Grayer, Madeline M. Harley, Rogier P.J. de Kok, Tatyana V. Krestovskaja, Ramón Morales, Alan J. Paton, and P. Olof Ryding. 2004. "Labiatae" pages 167-275. In: Klaus Kubitzki (editor) and Joachim W. Kadereit (volume editor). The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants volume VII. Springer-Verlag: Berlin; Heidelberg, Germany. ISBN 978-3-540-40593-1
^ a b Mattias Iwarsson and Yvette Harvey. 2003. "Monograph of the genus Leonotis (Pers.) R.Br. (Lamiaceae)". Kew Bulletin 58(3):597-645.
^ Robert Brown. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae Van Diemen:504. (see External links below).
^ Leonotis In: Index Nominum Genericorum. In: Regnum Vegetabile (see External links below).
^ a b Anne-Cathrine Scheen and Victor A. Albert. 2009. "Molecular Phylogenetics of the Leucas Group (Lamioideae; Lamiaceae)". Systematic Botany 34(1):173-181.

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