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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Lamioideae
Tribus: Leonureae
Genus: Leonurus
Species: L. cardiaca – L. chaituroides – L. deminutus – L. glaucescens – L. incanus – L. japonicus – L. kuprijanoviae – L. macranthus – L. mongolicus – L. nuristanicus – L. panzerioides – L. persicus – L. pseudomacranthus – L. pseudopanzerioides – L. pubescens – L. quinquelobatus – L. royleanus – L. sibiricus – L. tataricus – L. tibeticus – L. turkestanicus – L. urticifolius – L. wutaishanicus
L. cardiaca - L. glaucescens - L. japonicus - L. marrubiastrum - L. persicus

Name

Leonurus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 584 (1753)

Type species: Leonurus cardiaca L., Sp. Pl.: 584 (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Cardiaca Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)
Marrubiastrum Ség., Pl. Veron. 3: 135 (1754)

Homonyms

Leonurus Mill. The Gardeners Dictionary...Abridged...fourth edition (1754) nom. illeg.

References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 584.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2014. Leonurus in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 June 2. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2014. Leonurus. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 June 2.
International Plant Names Index. 2014. Leonurus. Published online. Accessed: June 2 2014.

Vernacular names

беларуская: Сардэчнік
čeština: Buřina, srdečník
English: Motherwort
eesti: Südamerohi
suomi: Nukulat
հայերեն: Առյուծագի
日本語: メハジキ属
한국어: 익모초속
中文: 益母草属

Leonurus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. It is native to Europe and Asia, naturalized in New Zealand, Hawaii, New Caledonia, and much of North and South America.[2][3][4][5]

Leonurus japonicus is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine. It is called yìmǔcǎo (益母草) in Chinese.

Species are sometimes confused with the related genus Leonotis.

Species[2]

Leonurus cardiaca L. - much of northern + central Europe east to Western Siberia + Iran
Leonurus chaituroides C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li - southeastern China (Anhui, Hubei, Hunan)
Leonurus deminutus V.I.Krecz. - Siberia, Mongolia, Inner Mongolia
Leonurus glaucescens Bunge - Turkey, Caucasus, Ukraine, European Russia, western Siberia (Altai and Western Siberia), Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Inner Mongolia
Leonurus incanus V.I.Krecz. & Kuprian. - Kazakhstan
Leonurus japonicus Houtt. - Japan, Korea, Amur, Primorye, much of China (incl Taiwan, Tibet, Xinjiang), Himalayas, Southeast Asia, Queensland; naturalized in North + South America, West Indies, Hawaii, Cape Verde, etc.
Leonurus kuprijanoviae Krestovsk. - Pakistan
Leonurus macranthus Maxim. - Japan, Primorye, Manchuria
Leonurus mongolicus V.I.Krecz. & Kuprian. - Mongolia, parts of Siberia (Tuva + Chita)
Leonurus nuristanicus Murata - Afghanistan
Leonurus oblongifolius Popov - Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan
Leonurus persicus Boiss. - Turkey, Iran, Caucasus
Leonurus pseudomacranthus Kitag. - Japan, Amur, Primorye, eastern China
Leonurus pseudopanzerioides Krestovsk. - Mongolia, Xinjiang
Leonurus pubescens Benth. - Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, western Himalayas
Leonurus quinquelobatus Gilib. - Turkey, Iran, Caucasus, Crimea; naturalized in Germany, Belgium, Irkutsk
Leonurus royleanus Benth. - western Himalayas
Leonurus sibiricus L. - Mongolia, Siberia (Altai, Chita), China (Hebei, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shanxi)
Leonurus tataricus L. - Siberia (Altai, Tuva, Western Siberia, Irkutsk)
Leonurus tibeticus Krestovsk. - Tibet
Leonurus turkestanicus V.I.Krecz. & Kuprian. - western Himalayas, Tibet, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Iran
Leonurus urticifolius C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li - Tibet
Leonurus villosissimus C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li - China (Hebei)
Leonurus wutaishanicus C.Y.Wu & H.W.Li - China (Shanxi)

References

illustration from Prof. Dr. Otto Wilhelm Thomé Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885, Gera, Germany
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Flora of China Vol. 17 Page 162 益母草属 yi mu cao shu Leonurus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 584. 1753.
Altervista Flora Italiana, Genere Leonurus includes photos + European distribution maps
Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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