Plants, Fine Art Prints

- Art Gallery -

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Chloridoideae
Tribus: Cynodonteae
Subtribus: Eleusininae
Genus: Leptochloa
Species: L. anisopoda – L. aquatica – L. asthenes – L. barbata – L. caudata – L. chinensis – L. chloridiformis – L. coerulescens – L. decipiens – L. digitata – L. exilis – L. ligulata – L. longa – L. malayana – L. monticola – L. mucronata – L. nealleyi – L. neesii – L. panicea – L. panicoides – L. scabra – L. simoniana – L. southwoodii – L. squarrosa – L. srilankensis – L. tectoneticola – L. virgata – L. viscida
Name

Leptochloa P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 71 (1812)
Type species: Leptochloa virgata (L.) P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 71 (1812)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Rabdochloa P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 84 (1812).
Leptostachys G.Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq.: 73 (1818), nom. superfl.
Oxydenia Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 1: 76 (1818).
Diachroa Nutt., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 5: 147 (1835 publ. 1837).
Ipnum Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 36: 211 (1870).
Trichloris E.Fourn. ex Benth., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 102 (1881)
Baldomiria Herter, Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6: 145 (1940).

References

Palisot de Beauvois, A.M.F.J. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie 71, pl. 15, f. 1.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2016. Leptochloa in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 May 14. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Leptochloa. Published online. Accessed: 10 Nov. 2013.
Peterson, P.M., Romaschenko, K., Snow, N. & Johnson, G. 2012. A molecular phylogeny and classification of Leptochloa (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Chlorideae) sensu lato and related genera. Annals of Botany 109: 1317–1329. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcs112 Full text PDF Reference page.
Peterson, P.M., Romaschenko, K. & Herrera-Arrieta, Y. 2015. A molecular phylogeny and classification of the Eleusininae with a new genus, Micrachne (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae). Taxon 64(3): 445–467. DOI: 10.12705/643.5 Full text (with link to PDF). Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Leptochloa. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 10.
Tropicos.org 2013. Leptochloa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 10.

Leptochloa is a widespread genus of Asian, African, Australian, and American plants in the grass family.[5][6]

Members of the genus are commonly known as sprangletops.[1][7]

The generic name is derived from the Greek words ληπτος (leptos), meaning "thin," and χλοα (chloa), meaning "grass," referring to the inflorescences.[8][9]

Species[4][10][11][12][13][14][15]

Leptochloa aquatica Scribn. & Merr. - Mexico
Leptochloa asthenes (Roem. & Schult.) C.E.Hubb. - Australia
Leptochloa barbata (Desv.) Nicora - Paraguay, Argentina
Leptochloa caudata (K.Schum.) N.W.Snow - East Africa
Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees – Asian sprangletop, Chinese sprangletop - eastern + southeastern Asia, Indian Subcontinent, eastern + southern Africa
Leptochloa chloridiformis (Hack.) Parodi – Argentine sprangletop - Paraguay, Argentina, Uruguay
Leptochloa coerulescens Steud. - Africa
Leptochloa decipiens (R.Br.) Stapf ex Maiden – Australian sprangletop - Australia
Leptochloa digitata (R.Br.) Domin - Australia
Leptochloa divaricatissima S.T.Blake - Australia
Leptochloa ligulata Lazarides - Queensland
Leptochloa longa Griseb. - Panama, Trinidad
Leptochloa malayana (C.E.Hubb.) Jansen ex Veldkamp - Thailand, Borneo, Malaysia
Leptochloa monticola Chase - Hispaniola
Leptochloa mucronata (Michx.) Kunth - south-central USA, Mesoamerica, Bermuda, Trinidad, Netherlands Antilles, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru, Galápagos
Leptochloa nealleyi Vasey - Mexico, southern USA (Arizona, Texas, Louisiana)
Leptochloa neesii (Thwaites) Benth. - Australia, Maluku, Java, Myanmar, India, Sri Lanka
Leptochloa panicea (Retz.) Ohwi – mucronate sprangletop - Americas incl West Indies; tropical + subtropical Asia; naturalised in Africa, Australia etc.
Leptochloa panicoides (J.Presl) Hitchc. - central + southeastern USA, Mesoamerica, Colombia, Peru, Brazil
Leptochloa scabra Nees - from Alabama to Paraguay
Leptochloa simoniana N.Snow - New Guinea, Queensland
Leptochloa southwoodii N.Snow & B.K.Simon - Queensland
Leptochloa squarrosa Pilg. - Tanzania (incl. Pemba), Comoros, Madagascar
Leptochloa srilankensis N.Snow - Sri Lanka
Leptochloa tectoneticola (Backer) Jansen ex Veldkamp - Cambodia, Thailand, Java
Leptochloa virgata (L.) P.Beauv. – tropic sprangletop - from South Carolina to Paraguay
Leptochloa viscida (Scribn.) Beal - California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua

Formerly included[4]

see Arundinella Acrachne Bouteloua Chloris Coelachyrum Cynodon Desmostachya Dinebra Diplachne Disakisperma Eleusine Enteropogon Eragrostis Gouinia Gymnopogon Leptocarydion Myriostachya Pogonarthria Rostraria Trichoneura Trichloris Trigonochloa Tripogon

Leptochloa acuminata - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
Leptochloa albemarlensis - Trichoneura lindleyana
Leptochloa appletonii - Coelachyrum yemenicum
Leptochloa arabica - Dinebra retroflexa
Leptochloa arenaria - Trichoneura mollis
Leptochloa bipinnata - Desmostachya bipinnata
Leptochloa brandegeei - Enteropogon brandegeei
Leptochloa burchellii - Gymnopogon burchellii
Leptochloa calycina - Dinebra retroflexa
Leptochloa ciliata - Trichoneura ciliata
Leptochloa contracta - Diplachne fusca
Leptochloa coromandelina - Dinebra retroflexa
Leptochloa crinita - Trichloris crinita
Leptochloa cynosuroides - Chloris filiformis
Leptochloa digitatiformis - Disakisperma dubium
Leptochloa dubia - Disakisperma dubium
Leptochloa eleusine - Disakisperma eleusine
Leptochloa falcata - Pogonarthria squarrosa
Leptochloa fascicularis - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
Leptochloa fusca - Diplachne fusca
Leptochloa gigantea - Diplachne gigantea
Leptochloa ginae - Diplachne fusca
Leptochloa gracilis - Trigonochloa uniflora
Leptochloa grandiglumis - Trichoneura grandiglumis
Leptochloa hirta - Bouteloua disticha
Leptochloa hookeri - Trichoneura lindleyana
Leptochloa imbricata - Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia
Leptochloa laurentii - Trigonochloa uniflora
Leptochloa lindleyana - Trichoneura lindleyana
Leptochloa loliiformis - Tripogon loliiformis
Leptochloa longiglumis - Trichoneura mollis
Leptochloa malabarica - Diplachne fusca
Leptochloa maritima - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
Leptochloa marlothii - Pogonarthria squarrosa
Leptochloa marquisensis - Dinebra marquisensis
Leptochloa mexicana - Gouinia mexicana
Leptochloa mollis - Trichoneura mollis
Leptochloa monostachya - Enteropogon monostachyos
Leptochloa muelleri - Diplachne fusca subsp. muelleri
Leptochloa neuroglossa - Diplachne fusca
Leptochloa obtusiflora Hochst. - Disakisperma obtusiflorum
Leptochloa obtusiflora Steud. - Disakisperma dubium
Leptochloa palmeri - Gouinia virgata
Leptochloa panicoides Wight ex Steud. not (J.Presl) Hitchc. - Arundinella leptochloa
Leptochloa parviflora - Diplachne fusca
Leptochloa patens - Disakisperma dubium
Leptochloa pectinata - Eleusine indica
Leptochloa phleoidea - Rostraria cristata
Leptochloa plectostachya - Cynodon plectostachyus
Leptochloa plumosa - Leptocarydion vulpiastrum
Leptochloa pluriflora - Trichloris pluriflora
Leptochloa polygama - Gouinia virgata
Leptochloa polystachya - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
Leptochloa pringlei - Disakisperma dubium
Leptochloa racemosa - Acrachne racemosa
Leptochloa rigida - Eragrostis sessilispica
Leptochloa rupestris - Trigonochloa rupestris
Leptochloa schimperiana - Acrachne racemosa
Leptochloa setacea - Tripogon leptophyllus
Leptochloa spicata - Tripogon spicatus
Leptochloa tracyi - Diplachne fusca subsp. fascicularis
Leptochloa uniflora - Trigonochloa uniflora
Leptochloa uninervia - Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia
Leptochloa verticillata - Acrachne racemosa
Leptochloa virletii - Diplachne fusca subsp. uninervia
Leptochloa wightiana - Myriostachya wightiana
Leptochloa xerophila - Dinebra xerophila
Leptochloa yemensis - Disakisperma obtusiflorum

References

"Genus: Leptochloa P. Beauv". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2011-02-27. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
lectotype designated by Niles & Chase, Contr. U.S. Natl. 24(6): 180 (1925)
Tropicos, Leptochloa P. Beauv.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie 71 description in Latin, commentary in French
Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie plate XV (15), figure I (1 a-d) line drawings of Leptochloa virgata, identified in captions on page 10
Atlas of Living Australia, Leptochloa P.Beauv. Sprangletop
Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. II E-O. CRC Press. p. 1197. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5.
Peterson, P. M., K. Romaschenko, N. W. Snow & G. Johnson. 2012. A molecular phylogeny and classification of Leptochloa (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Chlorideae) sensu lato and related genera. Annals of Botany (Oxford), n.s. 109: 1317–1329
"Leptochloa". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2010-02-20.
"GRIN Species Records of Leptochloa". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 469 千金子属 qian jin zi shu Leptochloa P. Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 71. 1812.
Biota of North America Program 2013 distribution maps
Costa e Silva, M. B. & J. Rodriguez M. 2007. Os gêneros Sporobolus e Leptochloa (Poaceae-Chloridoideae) em Pernambuco, Brasil. Rodriguésia 58(1): 147–157
Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse. 1994. 80. Leptochloa P. Beauv. 6: 260–261. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F..

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World