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Leucanthemum

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Asterales
Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Anthemideae
Subtribus: Unassigned
Genus: Leucanthemum
Species: L. adustum - L. graminifolium - L. lacustre - L. maximum - L. monspeliense - L. pallens - L. paludosum - L. praecox - L. subglaucum - L. x superbum - L. sylvaticum - L. vulgare - L. waldsteinii

Name

Leucanthemum Mill., 1754

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Deutsch: Margeriten
日本語: フランスギク属
Русский: Нивяник

Leucanthemum[1] is a genus of about 70 flowering plants from the sunflower family (Asteraceae). It occurs in Europe, Northern Africa and the temperate regions of Asia. Many species have been introduced into America, Australia and New Zealand.

Growth

It consists of clumped rhizomatous perennials, or rarely annuals, growing to a height of 30 cm - 1 m. They were split from the genus Chrysanthemum, because they are not aromatic and their leaves lack grayish-white hairs. The herbaceous, fast-growing stem is mostly unbranched and sprouts laterally from a creeping rootstock. The stem is glabrous or hairy below. The alternate leaves are cauline. The margins are singly to doubly toothed.

Description

The daisy-like flower heads are terminal, mostly solitary, such as in the Shasta Daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum), and rarely a few in corymbs, such as in the Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare). They vary in diameter from 3 to 8 cm. The flowers are pedunculate with involucral bracts and a flat or convex receptacle. They form 2 to 4 whorls. There are about twenty ligulate, white or pinkish ray florets. These are usually female, rarely bisexual. The numerous, tubular, yellow disc florets are bisexual.

This genus has an abundant production of 10-ribbed achenes (flat seeds) with mucilaginous cells. The pappus is usually absent, or just a small corona[disambiguation needed] or auricle. Species of this genus also spread vegetatively by rooting underground stems.

Uses

Leucanthemum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the bucculatricid leaf-miners Bucculatrix argentisignella (which feeds exclusively on Leucanthemum vulgare), Bucculatrix leucanthemella and Bucculatrix nigricomella (feeds exclusively on Leucanthemum vulgare) and also Hypercompe indecisa.

Most species are considered noxious weeds. The Shasta Daisy (Leucanthemum x superbum) is an ornamental with many cultivars, ideal for cut flowers, such as 'Aglaia', 'Becky', 'Esther Read', 'Wirral Pride', 'Wirral Supreme', 'Tinkerbell' and 'Snow Lady'.

Species

* Leucanthemum adustum
* Leucanthemum ageratifolium Pau
* Leucanthemum aligulatum R. Vogt
* Leucanthemum alpinum Lam.
* Leucanthemum arundanum
* Leucanthemum atratum aggr.
* Leucanthemum burnatii Briq. & Cavill.
* Leucanthemum catalaunicum
* Leucanthemum catananche (Ball) Maire
o Leucanthemum ceratophylloides ssp. tenuifolium (Guss.) Bazzich. & Marchi
* Leucanthemum chloroticum Kerner & Murb.
* Leucanthemum coronarium - Garland Chrysanthemum
* Leucanthemum crassifolium
* Leucanthemum decipiens Pomel
* Leucanthemum delarbrei Timb.-Lagr.
* Leucanthemum depressum (Ball) Maire
* Leucanthemum discoideum (All.) H.J.Coste
* Leucanthemum favargeri
* Leucanthemum gallaecicum Rodr.-Oubiña et S. Ortíz
* Leucanthemum gaudinii DT.
* Leucanthemum gayanum (Coss. & Durieu) Maire
o Leucanthemum glabrum f. pinnatisectum Pau
* Leucanthemum gracilicaule (Dufour) Pau
* Leucanthemum graminifolium (L.) Lam.
* Leucanthemum halleri Ducomm.
* Leucanthemum heterophyllum (Willd.) DC.
* Leucanthemum integrifolium (Richards.) DC. : Entire-leaf Daisy
* Leucanthemum hultenii A
* Leucanthemum irctianum de Candolle
* Leucanthemum ircutianum Turcz. ex DC.
o Leucanthemum ircutianum ssp. crassifolium (Lange) Vogt
* Leucanthemum laciniatum Huter, P.& R.
* Leucanthemum lacustre (Brot.) Samp. : Portuguese Daisy
* Leucanthemum maestracense
* Leucanthemum margaritae (Gáyer ex Jáv.) Zeleny
* Leucanthemum maximum (Ramond) DC. : Shasta Daisy
* Leucanthemum merinoi Vogt. & Castroviejo
* Leucanthemum montserratianum R. Vogt
* Leucanthemum nipponicum Franch. ex Maxim. : Nippon Daisy
* Leucanthemum pallena (Gay) DC.
* Leucanthemum pallens (Gay) DC.
* Leucanthemum palmatum
* Leucanthemum paludosum (Poir.) Pomel
* Leucanthemum pluriflorum Pau
* Leucanthemum praecox (Harvatic) Harvatic
* Leucanthemum pujiulae Sennen
* Leucanthemum subalpinum (Schur) Tzvelev
* Leucanthemum superbum (J.W. Ingram) Berg. ex Kent.
* Leucanthemum sylvaticum (Hoffmans & Link) Nyman
* Leucanthemum tridactylites (Fiori) Bazzich.
* Leucanthemum valentinum Pau
* Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. Oxeye Daisy
* Leucanthemum waldsteinii (Sch.Bip.) Pouzar
* Leucanthemum weyrichii Maxim.


Hybrid

* Leucanthemum x superbum ( = L. lacustre x L. maximum) : Shasta daisy


Notes

1. ^ The name Leucanthemum derives from the Greek words λευκός - leukos, "white," and ἄνθεμον - anthemon, "flower".

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License