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Liparis nervosa subsp. nervosa (as Liparis guineensis) -Edwards vol 20 pl 1671 (1835)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Malaxideae
Genus: Liparis
Species: Liparis nervosa
Subspecies: (2)
L. n. subsp. granitica – L. n. subsp. nervosa
Varietas: (1)
L. n. var. khasiana
Name

Liparis nervosa (Thunb.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 26. (1830)
Synonymy

Basionym
Ophrys nervosa Thunb. in J.A.Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14: 814 (1784)
Homotypic
Epidendrum nervosum (Thunb.) Thunb., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 2: 327 (1794)
Cymbidium nervosum (Thunb.) Sw., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 6: 76 (1799)
Malaxis nervosa (Thunb.) Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 235 (1800)
Iebine nervosa (Thunb.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 39 (1838)
Sturmia nervosa (Thunb.) Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 3: 250 (1855)
Leptorkis nervosa (Thunb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671 (1891)
Diteilis nervosa (Thunb.) M.A.Clem. & D.L.Jones, Orchadian 15: 40 (2005)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Africa
West Tropical Africa
Benin, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierre Leone, Togo.
West-Central Tropical Africa
Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Rwanda, Zaïre.
Northeast Tropical Africa
Ethiopia.
East Tropical Africa
Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
South Tropical Africa
Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Asia-Temperate
China
China South-Central, China Southeast, Tibet.
Eastern Asia
Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan.
Asia-Tropical
Indian Subcontinent
Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
Indo-China
Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
Malesia
Jawa, Peninsular Malaysia, Maluku, Philippines, Sumatera.
Pacific
Northwestern Pacific
Caroline Islands, Marianas.
Northern America
Southeastern U.S.A.
Florida.
Mexico
Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast.
Southern America
Central America
Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
Caribbean
Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Islands.
Northern South America
French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.
Western South America
Bolivia, Colombia, Galápagos, Peru.
Brazil
Brazil West-Central, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil North, Brazil South.
Southern South America
Paraguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Lindley, J. 1830. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 26.

Links

Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Liparis nervosa. Accessed: 2021 Jul 16.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Liparis nervosa in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Jul 16. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Liparis nervosa in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Jul 16. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Liparis nervosa. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Jul 16. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Liparis nervosa. Published online. Accessed: 16 Jul 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Liparis nervosa. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 16 Jul 2021.

Vernacular names

日本語: コクラン
中文: 紅花羊耳蒜

Liparis nervosa is a species of orchid found in the Tropics of Asia, Africa and America.[1] It is a terrestrial species that grows in woodlands and grasslands.[1]
Toxicity

Liparis nervosa contains tumorigenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids.[2]
References

La Croix, I. F.; Aubron, Manuel (2008). The New Encyclopedia of Orchids: 1500 Species in Cultivation. Timber Press. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-88192-876-1.
Fu, P.P., Yang, Y.C., Xia, Q., Chou, M.C., Cui, Y.Y., Lin G., "Pyrrolizidine alkaloids-tumorigenic components in Chinese herbal medicines and dietary supplements", Journal of Food and Drug Analysis, Vol. 10, No. 4, 2002, pp. 198-211 [1][dead link]

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