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Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Ruscaceae
Tribus: Ophiopogonae
Genus: Liriope
Species: L. graminifolia - L. kansuensis - L. longipedicellata - L. minor - L. muscari - L. spicata


Liriope Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 190, 200. Sep 1790.


Globeria Raf., Med. Fl. ii. 84. 1830.

Infrageneric taxa

* Liriope angustissima Ohwi
* Liriope brachyphylla Merrill
* Liriope cernua (Koidz.) Masam.
* Liriope cernua var. albiflora Murai
* Liriope crassiuscula Ohwi
* Liriope exiliflora (L.H.Bailey) H.H.Hume
* Liriope gigantea H.H.Hume
* Liriope gracilis (Kunth) Nakai
* Liriope graminifolia (L.) Baker
* Liriope graminifolia Baill.
* Liriope graminifolia var. albiflora Makino
* Liriope graminifolia var. densiflora Baker
* Liriope graminifolia var. koreana (Palib.) Nakai
* Liriope graminifolia var. latifolia Makino
* Liriope graminifolia var. minor (Maxim.) Baker
* Liriope graminifolia var. praealba Makino
* Liriope graminifolia var. variegata (L.H.Bailey) Makino
* Liriope kansuensis (Batalin) C.H.Wright
* Liriope koreana (Palib.) Nakai
* Liriope longipedicellata F.T.Wang & T.Tang
* Liriope minor (Maxim.) Makino
* Liriope minor f. albiflora (Murai) Okuyama
* Liriope minor var. angustissima (Ohwi) S.S.Ying
* Liriope muscari (Decaisne) L.H.Bailey
* Liriope muscari f. albiflora (Makino) Nemoto 
* Liriope muscari f. exiliflora (L.H.Bailey) H.Hara
* Liriope muscari f. latifolia (Makino) H.Hara
* Liriope muscari f. praealba (Makino) Nemoto
* Liriope muscari f. variegata (Bailey) H.Hara
* Liriope muscari var. communis (Maxim.) P.S.Hsu & L.C.Li
* Liriope muscari var. communis Nakai
* Liriope muscari var. exiliflora L.H.Bailey
* Liriope muscari var. stolonifera Hatusima
* Liriope muscari var. variegata L.H.Bailey
* Liriope platyphylla F.T.Wang & T.Tang
* Liriope platyphylla f. variegata (L.H.Bailey) Ishii & Hosaka
* Liriope platyphylla var. albiflora (Makino) Honda
* Liriope ringens (Ruíz & Pav.) Herb.
* Liriope spicata (Thunb.) Lour.
* Liriope spicata f. koreana (Palib.) H.Hara
* Liriope spicata var. densiflora (Baker) Wright
* Liriope spicata var. humilis F.Z.Li
* Liriope spicata var. latifolia Franch.
* Liriope spicata var. minor (Maxim.) C.H.Wright
* Liriope spicata var. prolifera Y.T.Ma
* Liriope tawadae Ohwi
* Liriope tawadae f. albiflora (Makino) Okuyama
* Liriope tawadae f. variegata (L.H.Bailey) Okuyama
* Liriope yingdeensis R.H.Miao


* Liriope Herb. = Ismene

Liriope (pronounced /lɪˈraɪ.əpiː/)[1] is a genus of low, grass-like, flowering plants from East Asia. Some species are often used in landscaping in temperate latitudes. They may be called lilyturf in North America although neither a true grass (family Poaceae) nor lily (genus Lilium). Once classified with lilies in the family Liliaceae, the genus is included in Ruscaceae in the APG II system. The genus was named for Liriope in Greek mythology.


Liriope are usually used in the garden for their evergreen foliage as a groundcover. Some species, e.g., L. spicata, grow aggressively in the right conditions, spreading by runners; hence their nickname, "creeping lilyturf".

In the southeastern United States Liriope is sometimes referred to by the nickname monkey grass or spider grass.

The pronunciation of "Liriope" varies. The expected pronunciation is /ləˈraɪ.əpiː/ lə-RY-ə-pee,[2] but there are many regional variations. In the southern United States, for example, it may be pronounced /ˈlaɪrɵpiː/ LY-ro-pee, /lɪərˈaɪ.ɵpiː/ leer-RY-o-pee, or /ˈlɪəri.oʊp/ LEER-ee-ohp.


Liriope muscari is perhaps most widespread in cultivation and is considered appropriate for USDA Hardiness Zones 6-10[3].

Spikes of tiny violet-blue flowers appear in late summer, and will be more prolific with a dose or two of fertilizer early in the season. A number of variegated varieties are now available to add golden or silver flashes of color to shady situations.


* Lirope exifolia
* L. graminifolia (rhizomatous species)
* L. kansuensis
* L. longipedicellata
* L. minor
* L. muscari
* L. spicata (rhizomatous species)


1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
2. ^ Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, Eleventh Edition
3. ^ Hortus III, Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium, 1976

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License