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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Proteales

Familia: Proteaceae
Subfamilia: Grevilleoideae
Tribus: Embothrieae
Subtribus: Lomatiinae
Genus: Lomatia
Species: L. arborescens – L. dentata – L. ferruginea – L. fraseri – L. fraxinifolia – L. hirsuta – L. ilicifolia – L. myricoides – L. obliqua – L. polymorpha – L. silaifolia – L. tasmanica – L. tinctoria
Name

Lomatia R.Br. (1810)

Type species: L. silaifolia (Sm.) R.Br.

References

Brown, R. 1810: Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 199.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Lomatia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Lomatia is a genus of 12 species of evergreen flowering plants in the protea family Proteaceae. Within the family, they have been placed, alone, in their own subtribe, Lomatiinae according to Johnson & Briggs 1975 classification of the family and subsequently in Flora of Australia (1995).

The genus has a Pacific Rim distribution, with members native to eastern Australia and southern South America, forming a part of the Antarctic flora. The species range from prostrate shrubs less than 0.5 m (1 ft 8 in) tall to small trees up to 12 m (39 ft) tall.

Genetic analysis using microsatellite markers showed that species found close together geographically are most closely related to each other. Lomatia dentata, then L. hirsuta and L. ferruginea all diverged successively from the lineage that gave rise to Australian species. The three Tasmanian species (with L. tasmanica sister to the other two species) are sister to the mainland Australian group. L. tasmanica of the three tasmania species, happens to be one of the most endangered species. On mainland Australia, the far northern L. fraxinifolia is sister to the other five species, all of which are found in southeastern Australia. L. fraseri and L. myricoides are sister taxa, with L. ilicifolia sister to them, while L. arborescens and L. silaifolia are each other's closest relatives.[1] Strong genomic filters may facilitate continued gene flow between species without the danger of assimilation.
Species

Lomatia arborescens - eastern Australia
Lomatia dentata - Chile, Argentina
Lomatia ferruginea - Chile, Argentina
Lomatia fraseri - eastern Australia
Lomatia milnerae - Queensland
Lomatia hirsuta - Chile, Peru, Argentina
Lomatia ilicifolia - eastern Australia
Lomatia myricoides - southeastern Australia
†Lomatia occidentalis - (Eocene fossil records) Patagonia [2]
†Lomatia patagonica - (Late Oligocene-Early Miocene (Ñirihuau Formation) fossil records) Patagonia[2]
†Lomatia preferruginea - (Middle Eocene fossil records (Ventana Formation) Patagonia[2]
Lomatia polymorpha (mountain guitarplant)[3] - Tasmania
Lomatia silaifolia - eastern Australia
Lomatia tasmanica (King's lomatia) - Tasmania
Lomatia tinctoria (guitarplant)[3] - Tasmania

References

Milner, Melita L.; McIntosh, Emma J.; Crisp, Michael D.; Weston, Peter H.; Rossetto, Maurizio (2013). "Microsatellite variation for phylogenetic, phylogeographic and population-genetic studies in Lomatia (Proteaceae)". Australian Systematic Botany. 26 (3): 186–95. doi:10.1071/SB13002.
Gonzalez, Cynthia C.; Gandolfo Maria Alejandra; Zamaloa, Maria C.; Cúneo, Nestor R.; Wilf, Peter; Johnson, Kirk (2007). "Revision of the Proteaceae Macrofossil Record from Patagonia, Argentina" (PDF). The Botanical Review. 73 (3): 235–66. doi:10.1663/0006-8101(2007)73[235:rotpmr]2.0.co;2.

H. Wapstra, A. Wapstra, M. Wapstra, L. Gilfedder,The Little Book of Common Names for Tasmanian Plants, DPIPWE

Wilson, AJG; Hewson, HJ; Mowatt, J (1995). "Lomatia". In McCarthy, Patrick (ed.). Flora of Australia: Volume 16: Eleagnaceae, Proteaceae 1. CSIRO Publishing / Australian Biological Resources Study. pp. 374–382. ISBN 978-0-643-05693-0.
Hoot, SB & Douglas, AW (1998). "Phylogeny of the Proteaceae based on atpB and atpB-rbcL spacer region sequences". Australian Systematic Botany. 11 (4): 301–320. doi:10.1071/SB98027.
Johnson, LAS & Briggs, BG (1975). "On the Proteaceae: the evolution and classification of a southern family". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 70 (2): 83–182. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1975.tb01644.x.

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