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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Cranichideae
Subtribus: Goodyerinae
Genus: Macodes
Species: (11)
M. angustilabris – M. celebica – M. cominsii – M. cupida – M. dendrophila – M. limii – M. megalantha – M. obscura – M. petola – M. pulcherrima – M. sanderiana
Name

Macodes Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 496 (1840)

Type species: Macodes petola (Blume) Lindl. (1840)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Argyrorchis Blume, Coll. Orchid.: 120 (1859)
Pseudomacodes Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1892: 127 (1892)

References

Lindley, J. 1840. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 496.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2003. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 3: Orchidoideae (Part two); page 119 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850711-9
Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Macodes in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Feb. 15. Reference page.
Emonocot.org 2013. Macodes in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 22.
Tropicos.org 2013. Macodes. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Feb. 15.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Macodes. Published online. Accessed: 15. Feb. 2013.
The Plant List 2013. Macodes in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 May 3.

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Eastern Asia
Nansei-shoto.
Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Indo-China
Thailand, Vietnam.
Regional: Malesia
Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
Regional: Papuasia
New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
Continental: Pacific
Regional: Southwestern Pacific
Vanuatu.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Vernacular names

English: Jewel orchids
перем коми: Макодес
коми: Макодес
кырык мары: Макодес
удмурт: Макодес

Macodes is one of a few genera of the orchid family known as jewel orchids. These terrestrial orchids grows in the rainforest floor of Southeast Asia with high humidity and low light. They can also be found in New Guinea, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands and the Ryukyu Islands.[1] The plant is cultivated for the veined leaves, unlike most other orchids that are valued for the flowers.
Species

The species accepted as of June 2014[1] include:

Macodes angustilabris J.J.Sm. - Borneo
Macodes celebica Rolfe - Sulawesi
Macodes cominsii (Rolfe) Rolfe - Solomons
Macodes cupida Ormerod - Vietnam
Macodes dendrophila Schltr. - New Guinea, Solomons
Macodes limii J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb - Sabah
Macodes megalantha Ormerod - New Guinea
Macodes obscura Schltr. - New Guinea
Macodes petola (Blume) Lindl. - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Ryukyu Islands
Macodes pulcherrima Schltr. - New Guinea
Macodes sanderiana (Kraenzl.) Rolfe - Indonesia, New Guinea, Solomons, Vanuatu

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

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