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Magnolia liliiflora (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Magnoliids
Ordo: Magnoliales

Familia: Magnoliaceae
Subfamilia: Magnolioideae
Genus: Magnolia
Subgenus: M. subg. Yulania

Section: M. sect. Yulania

Subsection: M. subsect. Yulania

Species: Magnolia liliiflora
Name

Magnolia liliiflora Desr., Encyc. 3. (Lamarck) 675. 1792.
Synonyms

Homotypic
Magnolia obovata var. liliiflora (Desr.) Ser., Fl. Jard. 3: 234. 1849.
Magnolia purpurea var. liliiflora (Desr.) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 1: 282. 1838.
Yulania liliiflora (Desr.) D.L.Fu, J.Wuhan Bot. Res. 19: 198. 2001.
Heterotypic
Lassonia quinquepeta Buc’hoz, Pl. Nouv. Decouv. t. 19. 1779, nom. rej.
Magnolia atropurpurea Steud., Nomencl. Bot.: 504. 1824.
Magnolia discolor Vent., Jard. Malmaison: 24. 1803.
Magnolia gracilis Salisb., Parad. Lond. 2: 87, t. 87. 1807.
Magnolia liliiflora f. nigra (G.Nicholson) Geerinck, Taxonomania 6: 7. 2002.
Magnolia liliiflora var. gracilis (Salisb.) Rehder in Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 1968. 1916
Magnolia liliiflora var. nigra (G.Nicholson) Rehder, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 4: 1968. 1916.
Magnolia obovata var. purpurea (Curtis) Ser., Fl. Jard. 3: 233. 1849.
Magnolia plena C.L.Peng & L.H.Yan, J. Hunan Forest. Techn. Coll. 1: 14. 1995.
Magnolia polytepala Y.W.Law & al., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 151(2): 289 (-292; figs. 1-2). 2006.
Magnolia purpurea Curtis, Bot. Mag. 11: t. 390. 1797.
Magnolia purpurea var. discolor (Vent.) Loudon, Arbor. Frutic. Brit. 1: 282. 1838.
Magnolia quinquepeta (Buc’hoz) Dandy, J. Bot. 72: 103. 1934, comb. rej.
Magnolia ×soulangeana var. nigra G.Nicholson, The Garden 25: 276, t. 434, 1884.
Talauma sieboldii Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 257. 1866.
Yulania japonica Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. (Spach) 7: 466. 1838.
Yulania japonica var. purpurea (Curtis) P.Parm., Bull. Sc. France Belgique 27: 258. 1896.

Hybrids

Magnolia × brooklynensis G.Kalmbacher
Magnolia ×soulangeana Soul.-Bod.

References

Govaerts, R. & al. 2006. World Checklist of selected plant families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens. 2009 Nov 05 [1]
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [2]

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Purpur-Magnolie
English: Lily magnolia
suomi: Tulppaanimagnolia
magyar: Kínai liliomfa, bíbor liliomfa
日本語: モクレン
한국어: 자목련
Lëtzebuergesch: Purpurmagnolia
polski: Magnolia purpurowa
русский: Магнолия лилиецветная
удмурт: Лилия сяськаё магнолия
中文(简体): 紫玉兰,木兰,辛夷
中文(繁體): 紫玉蘭,木蘭,辛夷

Magnolia liliiflora is a small tree native to southwest China (in Sichuan and Yunnan), but cultivated for centuries elsewhere in China and also Japan. Variously known by many names, including Mulan magnolia, purple magnolia, red magnolia, lily magnolia, tulip magnolia and woody-orchid, it was first introduced to English-speaking countries from cultivated Japanese origins, and is thus also sometimes called Japanese magnolia, though it is not native to Japan. It is now also planted as an ornamental in North America and Europe, though rather less often than its popular hybrid (see below).

It is a deciduous shrub, exceptionally a small tree, to 4m tall (smaller than most other magnolias), and blooms profusely in early spring with large pink to purple showy flowers, before the leaf buds open.

The cultivar 'Nigra', with flowers much deeper in colour than the species, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[2] It prefers an acid or neutral soil, in full sun or light shade.

This species is one of the parents of the popular hybrid saucer magnolia, M. × soulangeana, the other parent being the Yulan magnolia, M. denudata.

References

The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 29 May 2016
"Magnolia liliiflora 'Nigra'". Royal Horticultural Society. 2017. Retrieved 2017-01-23.

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